Water Quality Improvement through Reductions of Pollutant Loads on Small Scale of Bioretention System

Norshafa Elyza Muha, Lariyah Mohd Sidek, Milad Jajarmizadeh

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

1 Citation (Scopus)


Bioretention system is introduced as an important topic namely Urban Storm Water Management Manual for Malaysia (MSMA) by the Department of Irrigation and Drainage Malaysia (DID) in May 2012. The main objective of this paper is to evaluate the performance of water quality for small scale bioretention system under tropical climate via MUSIC model. Two bioretention systems 1 and 2 are observed based on the difference media depth. The result of bioretention system is compared with a reference model which has infrastructure with Urban Stormwater Improvement Conceptualisation (MUSIC) for pollutants load reduction and water quality results. Assessment of results via MUSIC software indicates a significant percentage of reduction for Total Suspended Solid (TSS), Total Phosphorus (TP) and Total Nitrogen (TN). The prediction of pollutant reduction via using MUSIC has the harmony for requirement in MSMA. TSS pollutant reduction is more than 80%, while for TP and TN more than 50%. The outcome of this study can be helpful for improvement of the existing MSMA guidelines for application of bioretention systems in Malaysia.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012010
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 19 Apr 2016
Event2nd International Conference on Advances in Renewable Energy and Technologies, ICARET 2016 - Putrajaya, Malaysia
Duration: 23 Feb 201625 Feb 2016


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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