Utilizing autonomous mobile robot to increase interest in STEM

Tee Tiong Tay, Zhi Zhang Lim, Yaw Long Chua

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

According to UNESCO, there is an apparent decline in interest among young people in STEM. This could have serious effects on developing countries such as Malaysia. New teaching and learning methods need to be developed in order to address this issue. The aim of this work is to utilize mobile robots to instill interest among school children toward STEM. Seven mobile robots along with a set of curriculums are designed. The low-cost robot consists of off-the-shelf components for easy maintenance, especially in resource starved localities. The robot consists of 3D printed frame, two DC motor actuated wheels and a microcontroller. Sockets are placed on top of the robot for users to include additional components. Users can program basic as well as advance robot behavior algorithm. A robotic curriculum that includes basic electronics and various programming exercises is designed. A robotic workshop is conducted with a group of 23 secondary school students. A survey is conducted to measure the participants' perception and interest toward STEM. Generally, the participants' interest in engineering discipline increases after the workshop. Female participants recorded 15.63% increase while male participants recorded 1.62% increase only. This limited study shows that it is feasible to introduce engineering topics at earlier age in order to nurture interest in STEM. More work need to be done to expand this study across diverse groups of participants.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceeding - 2017 3rd International Conference on Science in Information Technology
Subtitle of host publicationTheory and Application of IT for Education, Industry and Society in Big Data Era, ICSITech 2017
EditorsLala Septem Riza, Andri Pranolo, Aji Prasetyo Wibawa, Enjun Junaeti, Yaya Wihardi, Ummi Raba'ah Hashim, Shi-Jinn Horng, Rafal Drezewski, Heui Seok Lim, Goutam Chakraborty, Leonel Hernandez, Shah Nazir
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages161-165
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781509058662
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jul 2017
Event3rd International Conference on Science in Information Technology, ICSITech 2017 - Bandung, Indonesia
Duration: 25 Oct 201726 Oct 2017

Publication series

NameProceeding - 2017 3rd International Conference on Science in Information Technology: Theory and Application of IT for Education, Industry and Society in Big Data Era, ICSITech 2017
Volume2018-January

Other

Other3rd International Conference on Science in Information Technology, ICSITech 2017
CountryIndonesia
CityBandung
Period25/10/1726/10/17

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Information Systems and Management
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Education
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Signal Processing

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  • Cite this

    Tay, T. T., Lim, Z. Z., & Chua, Y. L. (2017). Utilizing autonomous mobile robot to increase interest in STEM. In L. S. Riza, A. Pranolo, A. P. Wibawa, E. Junaeti, Y. Wihardi, U. R. Hashim, S-J. Horng, R. Drezewski, H. S. Lim, G. Chakraborty, L. Hernandez, & S. Nazir (Eds.), Proceeding - 2017 3rd International Conference on Science in Information Technology: Theory and Application of IT for Education, Industry and Society in Big Data Era, ICSITech 2017 (pp. 161-165). (Proceeding - 2017 3rd International Conference on Science in Information Technology: Theory and Application of IT for Education, Industry and Society in Big Data Era, ICSITech 2017; Vol. 2018-January). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICSITech.2017.8257103