Utilizing autonomous mobile robot to increase interest in STEM

Tee Tiong Tay, Zhi Zhang Lim, Yow Long Chua

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

According to UNESCO, there is an apparent decline in interest among young people in STEM. This could have serious effects on developing countries such as Malaysia. New teaching and learning methods need to be developed in order to address this issue. The aim of this work is to utilize mobile robots to instill interest among school children toward STEM. Seven mobile robots along with a set of curriculums are designed. The low-cost robot consists of off-the-shelf components for easy maintenance, especially in resource starved localities. The robot consists of 3D printed frame, two DC motor actuated wheels and a microcontroller. Sockets are placed on top of the robot for users to include additional components. Users can program basic as well as advance robot behavior algorithm. A robotic curriculum that includes basic electronics and various programming exercises is designed. A robotic workshop is conducted with a group of 23 secondary school students. A survey is conducted to measure the participants' perception and interest toward STEM. Generally, the participants' interest in engineering discipline increases after the workshop. Female participants recorded 15.63% increase while male participants recorded 1.62% increase only. This limited study shows that it is feasible to introduce engineering topics at earlier age in order to nurture interest in STEM. More work need to be done to expand this study across diverse groups of participants.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceeding - 2017 3rd International Conference on Science in Information Technology
Subtitle of host publicationTheory and Application of IT for Education, Industry and Society in Big Data Era, ICSITech 2017
EditorsRafal Drezewski, Goutam Chakraborty, Shah Nazir, Lala Septem Riza, Ummi Raba'ah Hashim, Aji Prasetyo Wibawa, Yaya Wihardi, Andri Pranolo, Enjun Junaeti, Shi-Jinn Horng, Heui Seok Lim, Leonel Hernandez
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages161-165
Number of pages5
Volume2018-January
ISBN (Electronic)9781509058662
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Jan 2018
Event3rd International Conference on Science in Information Technology, ICSITech 2017 - Bandung, Indonesia
Duration: 25 Oct 201726 Oct 2017

Other

Other3rd International Conference on Science in Information Technology, ICSITech 2017
CountryIndonesia
CityBandung
Period25/10/1726/10/17

Fingerprint

robot
Mobile robots
Robots
Curricula
Robotics
DC motors
Microcontrollers
basic program
Developing countries
engineering
curriculum
Wheels
Teaching
Electronic equipment
UNESCO
learning method
Students
teaching method
schoolchild
Malaysia

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Information Systems and Management
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Education
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Signal Processing

Cite this

Tay, T. T., Lim, Z. Z., & Chua, Y. L. (2018). Utilizing autonomous mobile robot to increase interest in STEM. In R. Drezewski, G. Chakraborty, S. Nazir, L. S. Riza, U. R. Hashim, A. P. Wibawa, Y. Wihardi, A. Pranolo, E. Junaeti, S-J. Horng, H. S. Lim, ... L. Hernandez (Eds.), Proceeding - 2017 3rd International Conference on Science in Information Technology: Theory and Application of IT for Education, Industry and Society in Big Data Era, ICSITech 2017 (Vol. 2018-January, pp. 161-165). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICSITech.2017.8257103
Tay, Tee Tiong ; Lim, Zhi Zhang ; Chua, Yow Long. / Utilizing autonomous mobile robot to increase interest in STEM. Proceeding - 2017 3rd International Conference on Science in Information Technology: Theory and Application of IT for Education, Industry and Society in Big Data Era, ICSITech 2017. editor / Rafal Drezewski ; Goutam Chakraborty ; Shah Nazir ; Lala Septem Riza ; Ummi Raba'ah Hashim ; Aji Prasetyo Wibawa ; Yaya Wihardi ; Andri Pranolo ; Enjun Junaeti ; Shi-Jinn Horng ; Heui Seok Lim ; Leonel Hernandez. Vol. 2018-January Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2018. pp. 161-165
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abstract = "According to UNESCO, there is an apparent decline in interest among young people in STEM. This could have serious effects on developing countries such as Malaysia. New teaching and learning methods need to be developed in order to address this issue. The aim of this work is to utilize mobile robots to instill interest among school children toward STEM. Seven mobile robots along with a set of curriculums are designed. The low-cost robot consists of off-the-shelf components for easy maintenance, especially in resource starved localities. The robot consists of 3D printed frame, two DC motor actuated wheels and a microcontroller. Sockets are placed on top of the robot for users to include additional components. Users can program basic as well as advance robot behavior algorithm. A robotic curriculum that includes basic electronics and various programming exercises is designed. A robotic workshop is conducted with a group of 23 secondary school students. A survey is conducted to measure the participants' perception and interest toward STEM. Generally, the participants' interest in engineering discipline increases after the workshop. Female participants recorded 15.63{\%} increase while male participants recorded 1.62{\%} increase only. This limited study shows that it is feasible to introduce engineering topics at earlier age in order to nurture interest in STEM. More work need to be done to expand this study across diverse groups of participants.",
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Tay, TT, Lim, ZZ & Chua, YL 2018, Utilizing autonomous mobile robot to increase interest in STEM. in R Drezewski, G Chakraborty, S Nazir, LS Riza, UR Hashim, AP Wibawa, Y Wihardi, A Pranolo, E Junaeti, S-J Horng, HS Lim & L Hernandez (eds), Proceeding - 2017 3rd International Conference on Science in Information Technology: Theory and Application of IT for Education, Industry and Society in Big Data Era, ICSITech 2017. vol. 2018-January, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., pp. 161-165, 3rd International Conference on Science in Information Technology, ICSITech 2017, Bandung, Indonesia, 25/10/17. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICSITech.2017.8257103

Utilizing autonomous mobile robot to increase interest in STEM. / Tay, Tee Tiong; Lim, Zhi Zhang; Chua, Yow Long.

Proceeding - 2017 3rd International Conference on Science in Information Technology: Theory and Application of IT for Education, Industry and Society in Big Data Era, ICSITech 2017. ed. / Rafal Drezewski; Goutam Chakraborty; Shah Nazir; Lala Septem Riza; Ummi Raba'ah Hashim; Aji Prasetyo Wibawa; Yaya Wihardi; Andri Pranolo; Enjun Junaeti; Shi-Jinn Horng; Heui Seok Lim; Leonel Hernandez. Vol. 2018-January Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2018. p. 161-165.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

TY - GEN

T1 - Utilizing autonomous mobile robot to increase interest in STEM

AU - Tay, Tee Tiong

AU - Lim, Zhi Zhang

AU - Chua, Yow Long

PY - 2018/1/12

Y1 - 2018/1/12

N2 - According to UNESCO, there is an apparent decline in interest among young people in STEM. This could have serious effects on developing countries such as Malaysia. New teaching and learning methods need to be developed in order to address this issue. The aim of this work is to utilize mobile robots to instill interest among school children toward STEM. Seven mobile robots along with a set of curriculums are designed. The low-cost robot consists of off-the-shelf components for easy maintenance, especially in resource starved localities. The robot consists of 3D printed frame, two DC motor actuated wheels and a microcontroller. Sockets are placed on top of the robot for users to include additional components. Users can program basic as well as advance robot behavior algorithm. A robotic curriculum that includes basic electronics and various programming exercises is designed. A robotic workshop is conducted with a group of 23 secondary school students. A survey is conducted to measure the participants' perception and interest toward STEM. Generally, the participants' interest in engineering discipline increases after the workshop. Female participants recorded 15.63% increase while male participants recorded 1.62% increase only. This limited study shows that it is feasible to introduce engineering topics at earlier age in order to nurture interest in STEM. More work need to be done to expand this study across diverse groups of participants.

AB - According to UNESCO, there is an apparent decline in interest among young people in STEM. This could have serious effects on developing countries such as Malaysia. New teaching and learning methods need to be developed in order to address this issue. The aim of this work is to utilize mobile robots to instill interest among school children toward STEM. Seven mobile robots along with a set of curriculums are designed. The low-cost robot consists of off-the-shelf components for easy maintenance, especially in resource starved localities. The robot consists of 3D printed frame, two DC motor actuated wheels and a microcontroller. Sockets are placed on top of the robot for users to include additional components. Users can program basic as well as advance robot behavior algorithm. A robotic curriculum that includes basic electronics and various programming exercises is designed. A robotic workshop is conducted with a group of 23 secondary school students. A survey is conducted to measure the participants' perception and interest toward STEM. Generally, the participants' interest in engineering discipline increases after the workshop. Female participants recorded 15.63% increase while male participants recorded 1.62% increase only. This limited study shows that it is feasible to introduce engineering topics at earlier age in order to nurture interest in STEM. More work need to be done to expand this study across diverse groups of participants.

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U2 - 10.1109/ICSITech.2017.8257103

DO - 10.1109/ICSITech.2017.8257103

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:85046680959

VL - 2018-January

SP - 161

EP - 165

BT - Proceeding - 2017 3rd International Conference on Science in Information Technology

A2 - Drezewski, Rafal

A2 - Chakraborty, Goutam

A2 - Nazir, Shah

A2 - Riza, Lala Septem

A2 - Hashim, Ummi Raba'ah

A2 - Wibawa, Aji Prasetyo

A2 - Wihardi, Yaya

A2 - Pranolo, Andri

A2 - Junaeti, Enjun

A2 - Horng, Shi-Jinn

A2 - Lim, Heui Seok

A2 - Hernandez, Leonel

PB - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.

ER -

Tay TT, Lim ZZ, Chua YL. Utilizing autonomous mobile robot to increase interest in STEM. In Drezewski R, Chakraborty G, Nazir S, Riza LS, Hashim UR, Wibawa AP, Wihardi Y, Pranolo A, Junaeti E, Horng S-J, Lim HS, Hernandez L, editors, Proceeding - 2017 3rd International Conference on Science in Information Technology: Theory and Application of IT for Education, Industry and Society in Big Data Era, ICSITech 2017. Vol. 2018-January. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. 2018. p. 161-165 https://doi.org/10.1109/ICSITech.2017.8257103