Utilization of mangosteen rind for the removal of zinc in wastewater treatment

M. L. Chua, Jee Khai Wong, Kok Hua Chua, V. C. Chai

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The presence of heavy metal in wastewater is a major concern due to their toxicity towards living organism and also human. There are different methods in removing heavy metals and one of it is biosorption. The aim of this study is to investigate the ability of mangosteen rind as biosorbent in removal of zinc in wastewater, a typical Malaysian agricultural waste. The mangosteen rind are washed, dried, cut and grounded into powder form. Then it is rinsed with 0.1 mol nitric acid, filtered using filter paper, and neutralized by washing with distilled water. Batch adsorption study was carried out to determine the optimum pH condition for zinc removal. Therefore, experiment was conducted with different pH condition for wastewater by addition of acid or base. By referring to Beer's Law calibration graph from spectrophotometer, the final concentration of zinc in the wastewater was determined. In order to ensure the consistency of data, three trials were carried out and the results are found to be consistent. The optimum pH for zinc removal is 5.5, with an average removal of 91.5 %, equivalent to 4.55 mg/g removal out of 5.00 mg/g of zinc solution. The condition is compared with past research that uses lemon and banana peels as biosorbent, and mangosteen rind is found to be the best agriculture waste among the three.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGreen Design and Manufacture
Subtitle of host publicationAdvanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018
EditorsMuhammad Faheem Bin Mohd Tahir, Romisuhani Ahmad, Mohd Nasir Bin Mat Saad, Mohd Fathullah Bin Ghazli, Mohd Mustafa Al-Bakri Abdullah, Shayfull Zamree Bin Abd. Rahim, Liyana Binti Jamaludin
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735417526
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 09 Nov 2018
Event4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018, IConGDM 2018 - Ho Chi Minh, Viet Nam
Duration: 29 Apr 201830 Apr 2018

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2030
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Other

Other4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018, IConGDM 2018
CountryViet Nam
CityHo Chi Minh
Period29/04/1830/04/18

Fingerprint

zinc
heavy metals
Beer law
agriculture
washing
nitric acid
spectrophotometers
organisms
toxicity
filters
acids
adsorption
water

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Chua, M. L., Wong, J. K., Chua, K. H., & Chai, V. C. (2018). Utilization of mangosteen rind for the removal of zinc in wastewater treatment. In M. F. B. M. Tahir, R. Ahmad, M. N. B. M. Saad, M. F. B. Ghazli, M. M. A-B. Abdullah, S. Z. B. A. Rahim, & L. B. Jamaludin (Eds.), Green Design and Manufacture: Advanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018 [020192] (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 2030). American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5066833
Chua, M. L. ; Wong, Jee Khai ; Chua, Kok Hua ; Chai, V. C. / Utilization of mangosteen rind for the removal of zinc in wastewater treatment. Green Design and Manufacture: Advanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018. editor / Muhammad Faheem Bin Mohd Tahir ; Romisuhani Ahmad ; Mohd Nasir Bin Mat Saad ; Mohd Fathullah Bin Ghazli ; Mohd Mustafa Al-Bakri Abdullah ; Shayfull Zamree Bin Abd. Rahim ; Liyana Binti Jamaludin. American Institute of Physics Inc., 2018. (AIP Conference Proceedings).
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abstract = "The presence of heavy metal in wastewater is a major concern due to their toxicity towards living organism and also human. There are different methods in removing heavy metals and one of it is biosorption. The aim of this study is to investigate the ability of mangosteen rind as biosorbent in removal of zinc in wastewater, a typical Malaysian agricultural waste. The mangosteen rind are washed, dried, cut and grounded into powder form. Then it is rinsed with 0.1 mol nitric acid, filtered using filter paper, and neutralized by washing with distilled water. Batch adsorption study was carried out to determine the optimum pH condition for zinc removal. Therefore, experiment was conducted with different pH condition for wastewater by addition of acid or base. By referring to Beer's Law calibration graph from spectrophotometer, the final concentration of zinc in the wastewater was determined. In order to ensure the consistency of data, three trials were carried out and the results are found to be consistent. The optimum pH for zinc removal is 5.5, with an average removal of 91.5 {\%}, equivalent to 4.55 mg/g removal out of 5.00 mg/g of zinc solution. The condition is compared with past research that uses lemon and banana peels as biosorbent, and mangosteen rind is found to be the best agriculture waste among the three.",
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Chua, ML, Wong, JK, Chua, KH & Chai, VC 2018, Utilization of mangosteen rind for the removal of zinc in wastewater treatment. in MFBM Tahir, R Ahmad, MNBM Saad, MFB Ghazli, MMA-B Abdullah, SZBA Rahim & LB Jamaludin (eds), Green Design and Manufacture: Advanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018., 020192, AIP Conference Proceedings, vol. 2030, American Institute of Physics Inc., 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018, IConGDM 2018, Ho Chi Minh, Viet Nam, 29/04/18. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5066833

Utilization of mangosteen rind for the removal of zinc in wastewater treatment. / Chua, M. L.; Wong, Jee Khai; Chua, Kok Hua; Chai, V. C.

Green Design and Manufacture: Advanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018. ed. / Muhammad Faheem Bin Mohd Tahir; Romisuhani Ahmad; Mohd Nasir Bin Mat Saad; Mohd Fathullah Bin Ghazli; Mohd Mustafa Al-Bakri Abdullah; Shayfull Zamree Bin Abd. Rahim; Liyana Binti Jamaludin. American Institute of Physics Inc., 2018. 020192 (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 2030).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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T1 - Utilization of mangosteen rind for the removal of zinc in wastewater treatment

AU - Chua, M. L.

AU - Wong, Jee Khai

AU - Chua, Kok Hua

AU - Chai, V. C.

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N2 - The presence of heavy metal in wastewater is a major concern due to their toxicity towards living organism and also human. There are different methods in removing heavy metals and one of it is biosorption. The aim of this study is to investigate the ability of mangosteen rind as biosorbent in removal of zinc in wastewater, a typical Malaysian agricultural waste. The mangosteen rind are washed, dried, cut and grounded into powder form. Then it is rinsed with 0.1 mol nitric acid, filtered using filter paper, and neutralized by washing with distilled water. Batch adsorption study was carried out to determine the optimum pH condition for zinc removal. Therefore, experiment was conducted with different pH condition for wastewater by addition of acid or base. By referring to Beer's Law calibration graph from spectrophotometer, the final concentration of zinc in the wastewater was determined. In order to ensure the consistency of data, three trials were carried out and the results are found to be consistent. The optimum pH for zinc removal is 5.5, with an average removal of 91.5 %, equivalent to 4.55 mg/g removal out of 5.00 mg/g of zinc solution. The condition is compared with past research that uses lemon and banana peels as biosorbent, and mangosteen rind is found to be the best agriculture waste among the three.

AB - The presence of heavy metal in wastewater is a major concern due to their toxicity towards living organism and also human. There are different methods in removing heavy metals and one of it is biosorption. The aim of this study is to investigate the ability of mangosteen rind as biosorbent in removal of zinc in wastewater, a typical Malaysian agricultural waste. The mangosteen rind are washed, dried, cut and grounded into powder form. Then it is rinsed with 0.1 mol nitric acid, filtered using filter paper, and neutralized by washing with distilled water. Batch adsorption study was carried out to determine the optimum pH condition for zinc removal. Therefore, experiment was conducted with different pH condition for wastewater by addition of acid or base. By referring to Beer's Law calibration graph from spectrophotometer, the final concentration of zinc in the wastewater was determined. In order to ensure the consistency of data, three trials were carried out and the results are found to be consistent. The optimum pH for zinc removal is 5.5, with an average removal of 91.5 %, equivalent to 4.55 mg/g removal out of 5.00 mg/g of zinc solution. The condition is compared with past research that uses lemon and banana peels as biosorbent, and mangosteen rind is found to be the best agriculture waste among the three.

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M3 - Conference contribution

T3 - AIP Conference Proceedings

BT - Green Design and Manufacture

A2 - Tahir, Muhammad Faheem Bin Mohd

A2 - Ahmad, Romisuhani

A2 - Saad, Mohd Nasir Bin Mat

A2 - Ghazli, Mohd Fathullah Bin

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A2 - Rahim, Shayfull Zamree Bin Abd.

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PB - American Institute of Physics Inc.

ER -

Chua ML, Wong JK, Chua KH, Chai VC. Utilization of mangosteen rind for the removal of zinc in wastewater treatment. In Tahir MFBM, Ahmad R, Saad MNBM, Ghazli MFB, Abdullah MMA-B, Rahim SZBA, Jamaludin LB, editors, Green Design and Manufacture: Advanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018. American Institute of Physics Inc. 2018. 020192. (AIP Conference Proceedings). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5066833