Use of oil palm waste as a renewable energy source and its impact on reduction of air pollution in context of Malaysia

Shahida Begum, P. Kumaran, M. Jayakumar

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

One of the most efficient and effective solutions for sustainable energy supply to supplement the increasing energy demand and reducing environment pollution is renewable energy resources. Malaysia is currently the world's second largest producer and exporter of palm oil and 47% of the world's supply of palm oil is produced by this country. Nearly 80 million tonnes of Fresh Fruit Bunches (FFB) are processed annually in 406 palm oil mills and are generating approximately 54 million tonnes of palm oil mill effluent (POME), known to generate biogas consisting of methane-a Green House Gas (GHG) identifiable to cause global warming. This is 21 times more potent GHG than CO2. These two major oil palm wastes are a viable renewable energy (RE) source for production of electricity. If the two sources are used in harnessing the renewable energy potential the pollution intensity from usage of non-renewable sources can also be reduced significantly. This study focused on the pollution mitigation potential of biogas as biogas is a renewable energy. Utilization of this renewable source for the production of electricity is believed to reduce GHG emissions to the atmosphere.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012026
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jan 2013
Event26th IAHR Symposium on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems - Beijing, China
Duration: 19 Aug 201223 Aug 2012

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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