Transformation of biomass waste into sustainable organic fertilizers

Kit Wayne Chew, Shir Reen Chia, Hong Wei Yen, Saifuddin M. Nomanbhay, Yeek Chia Ho, Pau Loke Show

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

The management of solid waste presents a challenge for developing countries as the generation of waste is increasing at a rapid and alarming rate. Much awareness towards the sustainability and technological advances for solid waste management has been implemented to reduce the generation of unnecessary waste. The recycling of this waste is being applied to produce valuable organic matter, which can be used as fertilizers or amendments to improve the soil structure. This review studies the sustainable transformation of various types of biomass waste such as animal manure, sewage sludge, municipal solid waste, and food waste, into organic fertilizers and their impact on waste minimization and agricultural enhancement. The side effects of these organic fertilizers towards the soil are evaluated as the characteristics of these fertilizers will differ depending on the types of waste used, in addition to the varying chemical composition of the organic fertilizers. This work will provide an insight to the potential management of biomass waste to be produced into organic fertilizer and the advantages of substituting chemical fertilizer with organic fertilizer derived from the biomass waste.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2266
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Volume11
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Apr 2019

Fingerprint

Fertilizers
Biomass
fertilizer
biomass
solid waste
Solid wastes
Soils
soil structure
municipal solid waste
waste management
Manures
Municipal solid waste
manure
Sewage sludge
Waste management
recycling
Developing countries
developing world
chemical composition
sewage

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this

Chew, Kit Wayne ; Chia, Shir Reen ; Yen, Hong Wei ; M. Nomanbhay, Saifuddin ; Ho, Yeek Chia ; Show, Pau Loke. / Transformation of biomass waste into sustainable organic fertilizers. In: Sustainability (Switzerland). 2019 ; Vol. 11, No. 8.
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Transformation of biomass waste into sustainable organic fertilizers. / Chew, Kit Wayne; Chia, Shir Reen; Yen, Hong Wei; M. Nomanbhay, Saifuddin; Ho, Yeek Chia; Show, Pau Loke.

In: Sustainability (Switzerland), Vol. 11, No. 8, 2266, 01.04.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Transformation of biomass waste into sustainable organic fertilizers

AU - Chew, Kit Wayne

AU - Chia, Shir Reen

AU - Yen, Hong Wei

AU - M. Nomanbhay, Saifuddin

AU - Ho, Yeek Chia

AU - Show, Pau Loke

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AB - The management of solid waste presents a challenge for developing countries as the generation of waste is increasing at a rapid and alarming rate. Much awareness towards the sustainability and technological advances for solid waste management has been implemented to reduce the generation of unnecessary waste. The recycling of this waste is being applied to produce valuable organic matter, which can be used as fertilizers or amendments to improve the soil structure. This review studies the sustainable transformation of various types of biomass waste such as animal manure, sewage sludge, municipal solid waste, and food waste, into organic fertilizers and their impact on waste minimization and agricultural enhancement. The side effects of these organic fertilizers towards the soil are evaluated as the characteristics of these fertilizers will differ depending on the types of waste used, in addition to the varying chemical composition of the organic fertilizers. This work will provide an insight to the potential management of biomass waste to be produced into organic fertilizer and the advantages of substituting chemical fertilizer with organic fertilizer derived from the biomass waste.

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