Thermal characteristic investigation of eutectic composite fatty acid as heat storage material for solar heating and cooling application

R. Thaib, H. Fauzi, H. C. Ong, S. Rizal, T. M.I. Mahlia, M. Riza

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Abstract

A composite phase change material (CPCM) of myristic acid/palmitic acid/sodium myristate (MA/PA/SM) and of myristic acid/palmitic acid/sodium laurate (MA/PA/SL) were impregnated with purified damar gum as called Shorea Javanica (SJ) to improve the thermal conductivity of CPCM. The thermal properties, thermal conductivity, and thermal stability of both CPCM have investigated by using a Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) thermal analysis, hot disc thermal conductivity analyzer, and Simultaneous Thermal Analyzer (STA), simultaneously. However, a chemical compatibility between both fatty acid eutectic mixtures and SJ in composite mixtures measured by Fourier Transform Infra-Red (FT-IR) spectrophotometer. The results were obtained that the thermal conductivity of MA/PA/SM/SJ and MA/PA/SL/SJ eutectic composite phase change material (CPCM) were improved by addition 3 wt.% and 2 wt.% of Shorea javanica (SJ), respectively, without occur a significant change on thermal properties of CPCM. Moreover, the absorbance spectrum of FT-IR shows the good compatibility of SJ with both MA/PA/SM and MA/PA/SL eutectic mixtures, the composite PCM also present good thermal performance and good thermal stability. Therefore, it can be noted that the purified Shorea Javanica proposed, the as high conductive material in this study was able to improve the thermal conductivity of eutectic PCM without any significant reduction on its thermo-physical and chemical properties and can be recommended as novelty composite phase change material for thermal energy storage application.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012017
JournalIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
Volume334
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 06 Apr 2018
Event3rd International Conference on Chemical Engineering Sciences and Applications 2017, ICChESA 2017 - Banda Aceh, Indonesia
Duration: 20 Sep 201721 Sep 2017

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)

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