Thermal analysis of cylinder head carbon deposits from single cylinder diesel engine fueled by palm oil-diesel fuel emulsions

M. Husnawan, H. H. Masjuki, T.m. Indra Mahlia, M. G. Saifullah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper aims to evaluate the cylinder head carbon deposit from diesel engine fuelled by four samples of diesel fuel emulsions containing 0%; 5%; 10% and 15% vol. water and 20% Palm Oil Methyl Ester (POME) were subjected to thermogravimetric analysis (TGA/DSC) in air medium. The deposit build up processes were performed on a single-cylinder direct-injection diesel engine for period of 25 h for each set of test fuel under constant speed 2500 rpm. The TGA system was used and then correlated with elemental analysis as well as infrared spectra for microscopic observations. It has been found that, as the water increases in fuel, less aromatic and less reactive of deposits would be formed. Therefore, such method of analyses can be used as an indicator to verify the stability of carbon deposit inside the combustion chamber that could substantiate the applicability of a particular fuel to be accepted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2107-2113
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Energy
Volume86
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jan 2009

Fingerprint

Cylinder heads
Palm oil
diesel engine
Fuel oils
Engine cylinders
Diesel fuels
emulsion
Thermoanalysis
Emulsions
Diesel engines
Deposits
Carbon
oil
carbon
ester
Direct injection
Combustion chambers
combustion
Thermogravimetric analysis
Water

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Building and Construction
  • Energy(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this

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Thermal analysis of cylinder head carbon deposits from single cylinder diesel engine fueled by palm oil-diesel fuel emulsions. / Husnawan, M.; Masjuki, H. H.; Mahlia, T.m. Indra; Saifullah, M. G.

In: Applied Energy, Vol. 86, No. 10, 01.01.2009, p. 2107-2113.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - This paper aims to evaluate the cylinder head carbon deposit from diesel engine fuelled by four samples of diesel fuel emulsions containing 0%; 5%; 10% and 15% vol. water and 20% Palm Oil Methyl Ester (POME) were subjected to thermogravimetric analysis (TGA/DSC) in air medium. The deposit build up processes were performed on a single-cylinder direct-injection diesel engine for period of 25 h for each set of test fuel under constant speed 2500 rpm. The TGA system was used and then correlated with elemental analysis as well as infrared spectra for microscopic observations. It has been found that, as the water increases in fuel, less aromatic and less reactive of deposits would be formed. Therefore, such method of analyses can be used as an indicator to verify the stability of carbon deposit inside the combustion chamber that could substantiate the applicability of a particular fuel to be accepted.

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