The use of dihydroxy fatty acid and palm-based polyol as selected components of envo-diesel fuel blends to reduce C.I. engine gaseous emissions and carbon deposits

M. Husnawan, H. H. Masjuki, T.m. Indra Mahlia, M. G. Saifullah, M. A. Kalam

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

Nowadays, engine problems such as higher NOx, increase in smoke content and low brake power output due to biofuel fueled engine have been reduced by several improvements by using additives or modifications on engine itself. This paper presents a type of compositions and proper combination of selected chemical components which may be used in palm olein-diesel blends namely "Envo-Diesel". The blended component was designed as an additive package which was blended with diesel-biofuel at 99:1 up to 95:5 percent ratios. Blended fuels with additive have been used in the single cylinder engine which operated under 2000 rpm for 100 hours. Engine performance and emissions tests were conducted as well as engine deposit analysis was done after 100 hours engine operation time. The result was found that by using combined additive engine fuel consumption was decreased about 5%, NOx and SO x emission also reduced about 10% and carbon deposit was found less compared to other fuels especially for higher percentage of additive. Other results such as engine power and CO emission were found quite similar with 100% diesel fuel. These phenomena was shown that by using selected additive in certain amount found to be suitable to reduce diesel engine consumption and exhaust emissions as well as minimizing carbon deposit.

Original languageEnglish
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Dec 2009
EventPowertrains, Fuels and Lubricants Meeting, SFL 2009 - Florence, Italy
Duration: 15 Jun 200915 Jun 2009

Other

OtherPowertrains, Fuels and Lubricants Meeting, SFL 2009
CountryItaly
CityFlorence
Period15/06/0915/06/09

Fingerprint

Polyols
Diesel fuels
Gas emissions
Fatty acids
Deposits
Engines
Carbon
Biofuels
Engine cylinders
Smoke
Brakes
Fuel consumption
Diesel engines
Chemical analysis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Pollution
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

Husnawan, M., Masjuki, H. H., Mahlia, T. M. I., Saifullah, M. G., & Kalam, M. A. (2009). The use of dihydroxy fatty acid and palm-based polyol as selected components of envo-diesel fuel blends to reduce C.I. engine gaseous emissions and carbon deposits. Paper presented at Powertrains, Fuels and Lubricants Meeting, SFL 2009, Florence, Italy. https://doi.org/10.4271/2009-01-1852
Husnawan, M. ; Masjuki, H. H. ; Mahlia, T.m. Indra ; Saifullah, M. G. ; Kalam, M. A. / The use of dihydroxy fatty acid and palm-based polyol as selected components of envo-diesel fuel blends to reduce C.I. engine gaseous emissions and carbon deposits. Paper presented at Powertrains, Fuels and Lubricants Meeting, SFL 2009, Florence, Italy.
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abstract = "Nowadays, engine problems such as higher NOx, increase in smoke content and low brake power output due to biofuel fueled engine have been reduced by several improvements by using additives or modifications on engine itself. This paper presents a type of compositions and proper combination of selected chemical components which may be used in palm olein-diesel blends namely {"}Envo-Diesel{"}. The blended component was designed as an additive package which was blended with diesel-biofuel at 99:1 up to 95:5 percent ratios. Blended fuels with additive have been used in the single cylinder engine which operated under 2000 rpm for 100 hours. Engine performance and emissions tests were conducted as well as engine deposit analysis was done after 100 hours engine operation time. The result was found that by using combined additive engine fuel consumption was decreased about 5{\%}, NOx and SO x emission also reduced about 10{\%} and carbon deposit was found less compared to other fuels especially for higher percentage of additive. Other results such as engine power and CO emission were found quite similar with 100{\%} diesel fuel. These phenomena was shown that by using selected additive in certain amount found to be suitable to reduce diesel engine consumption and exhaust emissions as well as minimizing carbon deposit.",
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Husnawan, M, Masjuki, HH, Mahlia, TMI, Saifullah, MG & Kalam, MA 2009, 'The use of dihydroxy fatty acid and palm-based polyol as selected components of envo-diesel fuel blends to reduce C.I. engine gaseous emissions and carbon deposits' Paper presented at Powertrains, Fuels and Lubricants Meeting, SFL 2009, Florence, Italy, 15/06/09 - 15/06/09, . https://doi.org/10.4271/2009-01-1852

The use of dihydroxy fatty acid and palm-based polyol as selected components of envo-diesel fuel blends to reduce C.I. engine gaseous emissions and carbon deposits. / Husnawan, M.; Masjuki, H. H.; Mahlia, T.m. Indra; Saifullah, M. G.; Kalam, M. A.

2009. Paper presented at Powertrains, Fuels and Lubricants Meeting, SFL 2009, Florence, Italy.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

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AU - Husnawan, M.

AU - Masjuki, H. H.

AU - Mahlia, T.m. Indra

AU - Saifullah, M. G.

AU - Kalam, M. A.

PY - 2009/12/1

Y1 - 2009/12/1

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Husnawan M, Masjuki HH, Mahlia TMI, Saifullah MG, Kalam MA. The use of dihydroxy fatty acid and palm-based polyol as selected components of envo-diesel fuel blends to reduce C.I. engine gaseous emissions and carbon deposits. 2009. Paper presented at Powertrains, Fuels and Lubricants Meeting, SFL 2009, Florence, Italy. https://doi.org/10.4271/2009-01-1852