The potential biodiesel production from Cerbera odollam oil (Bintaro) in Aceh

Khairil, Aulia Rizki, Iskandar, Jalaluddin, A. S. Silitonga, H. H. Masjuki, T.m. Indra Mahlia

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

Biodiesel production from non-edible vegetable oils is an effective way to conquer the linked problems with edible oils such as food versus fuel and other environmental impacts. Cerbera odollam oil is one of these possible non-edible feed stocks for future biodiesel production. This study evaluated the potential biodiesel production from cerbera odollam. The seed was collected and extracted from Aceh, Indonesia. Moreover, biodiesel has been produced using degummed (H3PO4) and two step acid catalyst (HCl) and alkaline catalyst (KOH). The results of properties of the cerbera odollam methyl esters show that such as viscosity was about 847.9 mm 2 /s, density was 3.1578 kg/m 3 , flash point was 214.0°C, acid value was 0.4 mg KOH/g, oxidation stability was 6.35 h, FAME content was 97.77 % w/w and heating value was 40.49 MJ/kg. After analysing these properties, it has been found that there is a huge chance to produce biodiesel from this seed which complies with the limits of ASTM 6751 and EN 14214 specifications and therefore it can boost the future production of biodiesel from non-edible sources.

Original languageEnglish
Article number01049
JournalMATEC Web of Conferences
Volume159
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Mar 2018
Event2nd International Joint Conference on Advanced Engineering and Technology, IJCAET 2017 and International Symposium on Advanced Mechanical and Power Engineering, ISAMPE 2017 - Bali, Indonesia
Duration: 24 Aug 201726 Aug 2017

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Biofuels
Biodiesel
Oils
Seed
Catalysts
Acids
Plant Oils
Vegetable oils
Oils and fats
Environmental impact
acetone hydrazone
Esters
Viscosity
Specifications
Heating
Oxidation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Khairil ; Rizki, Aulia ; Iskandar ; Jalaluddin ; Silitonga, A. S. ; Masjuki, H. H. ; Mahlia, T.m. Indra. / The potential biodiesel production from Cerbera odollam oil (Bintaro) in Aceh. In: MATEC Web of Conferences. 2018 ; Vol. 159.
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abstract = "Biodiesel production from non-edible vegetable oils is an effective way to conquer the linked problems with edible oils such as food versus fuel and other environmental impacts. Cerbera odollam oil is one of these possible non-edible feed stocks for future biodiesel production. This study evaluated the potential biodiesel production from cerbera odollam. The seed was collected and extracted from Aceh, Indonesia. Moreover, biodiesel has been produced using degummed (H3PO4) and two step acid catalyst (HCl) and alkaline catalyst (KOH). The results of properties of the cerbera odollam methyl esters show that such as viscosity was about 847.9 mm 2 /s, density was 3.1578 kg/m 3 , flash point was 214.0°C, acid value was 0.4 mg KOH/g, oxidation stability was 6.35 h, FAME content was 97.77 {\%} w/w and heating value was 40.49 MJ/kg. After analysing these properties, it has been found that there is a huge chance to produce biodiesel from this seed which complies with the limits of ASTM 6751 and EN 14214 specifications and therefore it can boost the future production of biodiesel from non-edible sources.",
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The potential biodiesel production from Cerbera odollam oil (Bintaro) in Aceh. / Khairil; Rizki, Aulia; Iskandar; Jalaluddin; Silitonga, A. S.; Masjuki, H. H.; Mahlia, T.m. Indra.

In: MATEC Web of Conferences, Vol. 159, 01049, 30.03.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

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AB - Biodiesel production from non-edible vegetable oils is an effective way to conquer the linked problems with edible oils such as food versus fuel and other environmental impacts. Cerbera odollam oil is one of these possible non-edible feed stocks for future biodiesel production. This study evaluated the potential biodiesel production from cerbera odollam. The seed was collected and extracted from Aceh, Indonesia. Moreover, biodiesel has been produced using degummed (H3PO4) and two step acid catalyst (HCl) and alkaline catalyst (KOH). The results of properties of the cerbera odollam methyl esters show that such as viscosity was about 847.9 mm 2 /s, density was 3.1578 kg/m 3 , flash point was 214.0°C, acid value was 0.4 mg KOH/g, oxidation stability was 6.35 h, FAME content was 97.77 % w/w and heating value was 40.49 MJ/kg. After analysing these properties, it has been found that there is a huge chance to produce biodiesel from this seed which complies with the limits of ASTM 6751 and EN 14214 specifications and therefore it can boost the future production of biodiesel from non-edible sources.

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Khairil, Rizki A, Iskandar, Jalaluddin, Silitonga AS, Masjuki HH et al. The potential biodiesel production from Cerbera odollam oil (Bintaro) in Aceh. MATEC Web of Conferences. 2018 Mar 30;159. 01049. https://doi.org/10.1051/matecconf/201815901049