The performance and exhaust emissions of a diesel engine fuelled with Calophyllum inophyllum- palm biodiesel

Natalina Damanik, Hwai Chyuan Ong, M. Mofijur, Chong Weng Tong, Arridina Susan Silitonga, Abd Halim Shamsuddin, Abdi Hanra Sebayang, T.m. Indra Mahlia, Chin Tsan Wang, Jer Huan Jang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nowadays, increased interest among the scientific community to explore the Calophyllum inophyllum as alternative fuels for diesel engines is observed. This research is about using mixed Calophyllum inophyllum-palm oil biodiesel production and evaluation that biodiesel in a diesel engine. The Calophyllum inophyllum-palm oil methyl ester (CPME) is processed using the following procedure: (1) the crude Calophyllum inophyllum and palm oils are mixed at the same ratio of 50:50 volume %, (2) degumming, (3) acid-catalysed esterification, (4) purification, and (5) alkalinecatalysed transesterification. The results are indeed encouraging which satisfy the international standards, CPME shows the high heating value (37.9 MJ/kg) but lower kinematic viscosity (4.50 mm2/s) due to change the fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) composition compared to Calophyllum inophyllum methyl ester (CIME). The average results show that the blended fuels have higher Brake Specific Fuel Consumption (BSFC) and NOx emissions, lower Brake Thermal Efficiency (BTE), along with CO and HC emissions than diesel fuel over the entire range of speeds. Among the blends, CPME5 offered better performance compared to other fuels. It can be recommended that the CPME blend has great potential as an alternative fuel because of its excellent characteristics, better performance, and less harmful emission than CIME blends.

Original languageEnglish
Article number597
JournalProcesses
Volume7
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Sep 2019

Fingerprint

Biofuels
Biodiesel
Palm oil
Diesel engines
Esters
Alternative fuels
Brakes
Degumming
Transesterification
Esterification
Carbon Monoxide
Diesel fuels
Fatty acids
Fuel consumption
Purification
Fatty Acids
palm oil
Viscosity
Heating
Acids

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

Cite this

Damanik, N., Ong, H. C., Mofijur, M., Tong, C. W., Silitonga, A. S., Shamsuddin, A. H., ... Jang, J. H. (2019). The performance and exhaust emissions of a diesel engine fuelled with Calophyllum inophyllum- palm biodiesel. Processes, 7(9), [597]. https://doi.org/10.3390/pr7090597
Damanik, Natalina ; Ong, Hwai Chyuan ; Mofijur, M. ; Tong, Chong Weng ; Silitonga, Arridina Susan ; Shamsuddin, Abd Halim ; Sebayang, Abdi Hanra ; Mahlia, T.m. Indra ; Wang, Chin Tsan ; Jang, Jer Huan. / The performance and exhaust emissions of a diesel engine fuelled with Calophyllum inophyllum- palm biodiesel. In: Processes. 2019 ; Vol. 7, No. 9.
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Damanik, N, Ong, HC, Mofijur, M, Tong, CW, Silitonga, AS, Shamsuddin, AH, Sebayang, AH, Mahlia, TMI, Wang, CT & Jang, JH 2019, 'The performance and exhaust emissions of a diesel engine fuelled with Calophyllum inophyllum- palm biodiesel', Processes, vol. 7, no. 9, 597. https://doi.org/10.3390/pr7090597

The performance and exhaust emissions of a diesel engine fuelled with Calophyllum inophyllum- palm biodiesel. / Damanik, Natalina; Ong, Hwai Chyuan; Mofijur, M.; Tong, Chong Weng; Silitonga, Arridina Susan; Shamsuddin, Abd Halim; Sebayang, Abdi Hanra; Mahlia, T.m. Indra; Wang, Chin Tsan; Jang, Jer Huan.

In: Processes, Vol. 7, No. 9, 597, 01.09.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - The performance and exhaust emissions of a diesel engine fuelled with Calophyllum inophyllum- palm biodiesel

AU - Damanik, Natalina

AU - Ong, Hwai Chyuan

AU - Mofijur, M.

AU - Tong, Chong Weng

AU - Silitonga, Arridina Susan

AU - Shamsuddin, Abd Halim

AU - Sebayang, Abdi Hanra

AU - Mahlia, T.m. Indra

AU - Wang, Chin Tsan

AU - Jang, Jer Huan

PY - 2019/9/1

Y1 - 2019/9/1

N2 - Nowadays, increased interest among the scientific community to explore the Calophyllum inophyllum as alternative fuels for diesel engines is observed. This research is about using mixed Calophyllum inophyllum-palm oil biodiesel production and evaluation that biodiesel in a diesel engine. The Calophyllum inophyllum-palm oil methyl ester (CPME) is processed using the following procedure: (1) the crude Calophyllum inophyllum and palm oils are mixed at the same ratio of 50:50 volume %, (2) degumming, (3) acid-catalysed esterification, (4) purification, and (5) alkalinecatalysed transesterification. The results are indeed encouraging which satisfy the international standards, CPME shows the high heating value (37.9 MJ/kg) but lower kinematic viscosity (4.50 mm2/s) due to change the fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) composition compared to Calophyllum inophyllum methyl ester (CIME). The average results show that the blended fuels have higher Brake Specific Fuel Consumption (BSFC) and NOx emissions, lower Brake Thermal Efficiency (BTE), along with CO and HC emissions than diesel fuel over the entire range of speeds. Among the blends, CPME5 offered better performance compared to other fuels. It can be recommended that the CPME blend has great potential as an alternative fuel because of its excellent characteristics, better performance, and less harmful emission than CIME blends.

AB - Nowadays, increased interest among the scientific community to explore the Calophyllum inophyllum as alternative fuels for diesel engines is observed. This research is about using mixed Calophyllum inophyllum-palm oil biodiesel production and evaluation that biodiesel in a diesel engine. The Calophyllum inophyllum-palm oil methyl ester (CPME) is processed using the following procedure: (1) the crude Calophyllum inophyllum and palm oils are mixed at the same ratio of 50:50 volume %, (2) degumming, (3) acid-catalysed esterification, (4) purification, and (5) alkalinecatalysed transesterification. The results are indeed encouraging which satisfy the international standards, CPME shows the high heating value (37.9 MJ/kg) but lower kinematic viscosity (4.50 mm2/s) due to change the fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) composition compared to Calophyllum inophyllum methyl ester (CIME). The average results show that the blended fuels have higher Brake Specific Fuel Consumption (BSFC) and NOx emissions, lower Brake Thermal Efficiency (BTE), along with CO and HC emissions than diesel fuel over the entire range of speeds. Among the blends, CPME5 offered better performance compared to other fuels. It can be recommended that the CPME blend has great potential as an alternative fuel because of its excellent characteristics, better performance, and less harmful emission than CIME blends.

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Damanik N, Ong HC, Mofijur M, Tong CW, Silitonga AS, Shamsuddin AH et al. The performance and exhaust emissions of a diesel engine fuelled with Calophyllum inophyllum- palm biodiesel. Processes. 2019 Sep 1;7(9). 597. https://doi.org/10.3390/pr7090597