Temperature dependence of leakage current in InAs avalanche photodiodes

Pin Jern Ker, Andrew R.J. Marshall, Andrey B. Krysa, John P.R. David, Chee Hing Tan

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Measurement and analysis of the temperature dependence of bulk and surface leakage currents in InAs avalanche photodiodes have been performed between 77 K and 290 K. At unity gain, SU-8 passivated InAs photodiodes have low dark current densities of 100 mA/cm2 at 290 K and 150 nA/cm2 at 77 K. An avalanche multiplication factor of 25 was measured at 13 V and 19.5 V at 290 K and 77 K, respectively. The photodiodes exhibit dynamic resistance-area products, calculated at 0.1 V of 34 Ω-cm2 at 290 K and 910 MΩ-cm2 at 77 K. Our analysis showed that between the temperatures of 200 K and 290 K, the bulk leakage current is proportional to n2i whereas the surface leakage current is proportional to ni from 77 K to 290 K, where ni is the intrinsic carrier concentration. The activation energies deduced were 0.36 eV and 0.18 eV suggesting diffusion dominated bulk current and generation and recombination dominated surface current.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5871995
Pages (from-to)1123-1128
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 01 Aug 2011


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Ker, P. J., Marshall, A. R. J., Krysa, A. B., David, J. P. R., & Tan, C. H. (2011). Temperature dependence of leakage current in InAs avalanche photodiodes. IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, 47(8), 1123-1128. [5871995]. https://doi.org/10.1109/JQE.2011.2159194