Synthesis, characterization and controlled release properties of zinc–aluminium-beta-naphthoxyacetate nanocomposite

Zaemah binti Jubri, Nor Zalina Anua binti Mohd Yusoff, Siti Halimah binti Sarijo, Elya Sufliza binti Marsom, Mohd Zobir bin Hussein

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An organic–inorganic nanohybrid nanocomposite was synthesized by co-precipitation method using beta-naphthoxyacetate (BNOA) as guest anion and zinc–aluminium layered double hydroxide (Zn–Al-LDH) as the inorganic host. A well-ordered nanohybrid nanocomposite was formed when the concentration of BNOA was 0.08 M and the molar ratio of Zn to Al, R = 2. Basal spacing of layered double hydroxide containing nitrate ions expanded from 8.9 to 19.5 Å in resulting of Zn–Al-BNOA nanocomposite was obtained indicates that beta-naphthoxyacetate was successfully intercalated into interlayer spaces of layered double hydroxide. It was also found out the BET surface area increased from 1.13 to 42.79 m2 g−1 for Zn–Al-LDH and Zn–Al-BNOA nanocomposite, respectively. The BJH average pore diameter of the synthesized nanocomposite is 199 Å which shows mesoporous-type of material. CHNS analysis shows the Zn–Al-BNOA nanocomposite material contains 36.2 % (w/w) of BNOA calculated based on the percentage of carbon in the sample. Release of BNOA from the lamella of Zn–Al-BNOA was controlled by the zeroth and first order kinetics at the beginning of the deintercalation process up to 200 min and controlled by pseudo-second order kinetics for the whole process. This study suggests that layered double hydroxide can be used as a carrier for organic acid herbicide controlled release formulation of BNOA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)573-582
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Porous Materials
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jun 2017


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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