Synthesis and optimization of Hevea brasiliensis and Ricinus communis as feedstock for biodiesel production

A comparative study

A. S. Silitonga, H. H. Masjuki, Hwai Chyuan Ong, Talal Yusaf, F. Kusumo, T.m. Indra Mahlia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Biodiesel from non-edible seeds has attracted the attention of the authors to investigate Hevea brasiliensis (HB) and Ricinus communis (RC) as potential feedstocks. Biodiesel production was carried out using esterification-neutralization-transesterification (ENT) process. The transesterification process was carried out under variation methanol to oil molar ratio, catalyst concentration, reaction temperature, reaction time and speed agitation. On top of that, optimization was evaluated using Response Surface Methodology (RSM) and a quadratic polynomial model for ENT method. The optimization results show that production biodiesel from HBME and RCME with ENT method were 99.32% and 99.07% respectively. All the properties measured for produced methyl ester met in ASTMD 6751. Moreover, the presence of ricinoleic (α-elaeostearic) in RCME can improve the cold point, pour point and cold filter plugging point, which resulted in -40.4 °C, -27.8 °C and -35.0 °C respectively. The results of the cold flow properties are better due to higher unsaturated fatty acid concentration. It is indicates that RCME has good performance during cold weather engine operation. It short, biodiesel production using ENT method can produce high methyl ester yield and good biodiesel properties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)274-286
Number of pages13
JournalIndustrial Crops and Products
Volume85
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jul 2016

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Hevea brasiliensis
transesterification
Ricinus communis
biodiesel
feedstocks
esterification
neutralization
synthesis
esters
pour point
filters
agitation
engines
response surface methodology
catalysts
unsaturated fatty acids
methanol
weather
methodology
oils

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agronomy and Crop Science

Cite this

Silitonga, A. S. ; Masjuki, H. H. ; Ong, Hwai Chyuan ; Yusaf, Talal ; Kusumo, F. ; Mahlia, T.m. Indra. / Synthesis and optimization of Hevea brasiliensis and Ricinus communis as feedstock for biodiesel production : A comparative study. In: Industrial Crops and Products. 2016 ; Vol. 85. pp. 274-286.
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Synthesis and optimization of Hevea brasiliensis and Ricinus communis as feedstock for biodiesel production : A comparative study. / Silitonga, A. S.; Masjuki, H. H.; Ong, Hwai Chyuan; Yusaf, Talal; Kusumo, F.; Mahlia, T.m. Indra.

In: Industrial Crops and Products, Vol. 85, 01.07.2016, p. 274-286.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Silitonga, A. S.

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