Synthesis and characterization of different transition metal-alginate based heterogeneous catalyst for esterification reaction

Fei Ling Pua, Kah Thong Looi, Krishnan Shamala Gowri, Nabihah Sharifah

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In recent years, attention has been drawn to produce heterogeneous catalyst to replace homogeneous catalyst in biodiesel industry. This study was focused on the synthesis of three different types of alginate based heterogeneous catalyst (Ferric-alginate, Copper-alginate, and Nickel alginate) and the effect of the catalyst on esterification of oleic acid. Morphology and elemental analysis was conducted to investigate the properties of the catalyst. The new heterogeneous catalysts were used to catalyze the esterification of oleic acid at reaction temperature of 60°C and 2 hours reaction time. Fe-alginate has achieved the highest free fatty acids (FFAs) conversation rate of 82.03%. The results and findings proved that transition metal-alginate heterogeneous catalyst has the potential and ability to esterify the free fatty acids prior biodiesel production from high free fatty acids feedstock.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceeding of the International Conference on Materials Engineering and Nanotechnology, 2016
PublisherTrans Tech Publications Ltd
Pages57-60
Number of pages4
ISBN (Print)9783035710144
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jan 2016
EventInternational Conference on Materials Engineering and Nanotechnology, ICMEN 2016 - Taipei, Taiwan, Province of China
Duration: 21 May 201623 May 2016

Publication series

NameKey Engineering Materials
Volume709
ISSN (Print)1013-9826

Other

OtherInternational Conference on Materials Engineering and Nanotechnology, ICMEN 2016
CountryTaiwan, Province of China
CityTaipei
Period21/05/1623/05/16

Fingerprint

Alginate
Esterification
Transition metals
Catalysts
Fatty acids
Nonesterified Fatty Acids
Biofuels
Oleic acid
Oleic Acid
Biodiesel
alginic acid
Nickel
Feedstocks
Copper
Chemical analysis
Industry

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Pua, F. L., Looi, K. T., Shamala Gowri, K., & Sharifah, N. (2016). Synthesis and characterization of different transition metal-alginate based heterogeneous catalyst for esterification reaction. In Proceeding of the International Conference on Materials Engineering and Nanotechnology, 2016 (pp. 57-60). (Key Engineering Materials; Vol. 709). Trans Tech Publications Ltd. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.709.57
Pua, Fei Ling ; Looi, Kah Thong ; Shamala Gowri, Krishnan ; Sharifah, Nabihah. / Synthesis and characterization of different transition metal-alginate based heterogeneous catalyst for esterification reaction. Proceeding of the International Conference on Materials Engineering and Nanotechnology, 2016. Trans Tech Publications Ltd, 2016. pp. 57-60 (Key Engineering Materials).
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Pua, FL, Looi, KT, Shamala Gowri, K & Sharifah, N 2016, Synthesis and characterization of different transition metal-alginate based heterogeneous catalyst for esterification reaction. in Proceeding of the International Conference on Materials Engineering and Nanotechnology, 2016. Key Engineering Materials, vol. 709, Trans Tech Publications Ltd, pp. 57-60, International Conference on Materials Engineering and Nanotechnology, ICMEN 2016, Taipei, Taiwan, Province of China, 21/05/16. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.709.57

Synthesis and characterization of different transition metal-alginate based heterogeneous catalyst for esterification reaction. / Pua, Fei Ling; Looi, Kah Thong; Shamala Gowri, Krishnan; Sharifah, Nabihah.

Proceeding of the International Conference on Materials Engineering and Nanotechnology, 2016. Trans Tech Publications Ltd, 2016. p. 57-60 (Key Engineering Materials; Vol. 709).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Pua FL, Looi KT, Shamala Gowri K, Sharifah N. Synthesis and characterization of different transition metal-alginate based heterogeneous catalyst for esterification reaction. In Proceeding of the International Conference on Materials Engineering and Nanotechnology, 2016. Trans Tech Publications Ltd. 2016. p. 57-60. (Key Engineering Materials). https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.709.57