Sugar palm (Arenga pinnata [Wurmb.] Merr) starch films containing sugar palm nanofibrillated cellulose as reinforcement: Water barrier properties

R. A. Ilyas, S. M. Sapuan, A. Atiqah, Rushdan Ibrahim, Hairul Abral, M. R. Ishak, E. S. Zainudin, N. M. Nurazzi, M. S.N. Atikah, M. N.M. Ansari, M. R.M. Asyraf, A. B.M. Supian, Hamdan Ya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sugar palm fiber (SPF) is an agro-waste plant that can be used as potential source of biomass for various biomaterial applications. In this study, sugar palm nanofibrillated cellulose (SPNFC) that was isolated from SPF was used as a nanofiller to reinforce sugar palm starch (SPS) to produce bionanocomposites. To attain SPNFCs, SPF was undergo strong acid and alkaline treatments. Later, the SPNFCs were prepared from SPFs via high pressurized homogenization process. The reinforcement of SPNFCs (0-1.0 wt%) and SPS is done by using solution casting methods. The films were characterized in terms of physical properties such as light transmittance, moisture content, water solubility, and water absorption. The resulting nanocomposites permitted better water resistance, low moisture absorption, and low light transmittance as compared to control SPS film. Adding 1 wt% SPNFCs loading significantly improved the water absorption and water solubility of the composite film by 24.13% and 18.60%, respectively, compared with the control SPS film. This was attributed to the high compatibility between the SPNFCs and SPS matrixes, which composed of the multi-hydroxyl polymer having three hydroxyl groups per monomer. Thus, this study is to show the potential of SPS/SPNFCs nanocomposite films in packaging industries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)459-467
Number of pages9
JournalPolymer Composites
Volume41
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Feb 2020

Fingerprint

Starch
Cellulose
Sugars
Reinforcement
Water
Water absorption
Hydroxyl Radical
Fibers
Moisture
Solubility
Nanocomposite films
Biocompatible Materials
Composite films
Biomaterials
Nanocomposites
Packaging
Polymers
Casting
Biomass
Physical properties

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Ilyas, R. A. ; Sapuan, S. M. ; Atiqah, A. ; Ibrahim, Rushdan ; Abral, Hairul ; Ishak, M. R. ; Zainudin, E. S. ; Nurazzi, N. M. ; Atikah, M. S.N. ; Ansari, M. N.M. ; Asyraf, M. R.M. ; Supian, A. B.M. ; Ya, Hamdan. / Sugar palm (Arenga pinnata [Wurmb.] Merr) starch films containing sugar palm nanofibrillated cellulose as reinforcement : Water barrier properties. In: Polymer Composites. 2020 ; Vol. 41, No. 2. pp. 459-467.
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abstract = "Sugar palm fiber (SPF) is an agro-waste plant that can be used as potential source of biomass for various biomaterial applications. In this study, sugar palm nanofibrillated cellulose (SPNFC) that was isolated from SPF was used as a nanofiller to reinforce sugar palm starch (SPS) to produce bionanocomposites. To attain SPNFCs, SPF was undergo strong acid and alkaline treatments. Later, the SPNFCs were prepared from SPFs via high pressurized homogenization process. The reinforcement of SPNFCs (0-1.0 wt{\%}) and SPS is done by using solution casting methods. The films were characterized in terms of physical properties such as light transmittance, moisture content, water solubility, and water absorption. The resulting nanocomposites permitted better water resistance, low moisture absorption, and low light transmittance as compared to control SPS film. Adding 1 wt{\%} SPNFCs loading significantly improved the water absorption and water solubility of the composite film by 24.13{\%} and 18.60{\%}, respectively, compared with the control SPS film. This was attributed to the high compatibility between the SPNFCs and SPS matrixes, which composed of the multi-hydroxyl polymer having three hydroxyl groups per monomer. Thus, this study is to show the potential of SPS/SPNFCs nanocomposite films in packaging industries.",
author = "Ilyas, {R. A.} and Sapuan, {S. M.} and A. Atiqah and Rushdan Ibrahim and Hairul Abral and Ishak, {M. R.} and Zainudin, {E. S.} and Nurazzi, {N. M.} and Atikah, {M. S.N.} and Ansari, {M. N.M.} and Asyraf, {M. R.M.} and Supian, {A. B.M.} and Hamdan Ya",
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Ilyas, RA, Sapuan, SM, Atiqah, A, Ibrahim, R, Abral, H, Ishak, MR, Zainudin, ES, Nurazzi, NM, Atikah, MSN, Ansari, MNM, Asyraf, MRM, Supian, ABM & Ya, H 2020, 'Sugar palm (Arenga pinnata [Wurmb.] Merr) starch films containing sugar palm nanofibrillated cellulose as reinforcement: Water barrier properties', Polymer Composites, vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 459-467. https://doi.org/10.1002/pc.25379

Sugar palm (Arenga pinnata [Wurmb.] Merr) starch films containing sugar palm nanofibrillated cellulose as reinforcement : Water barrier properties. / Ilyas, R. A.; Sapuan, S. M.; Atiqah, A.; Ibrahim, Rushdan; Abral, Hairul; Ishak, M. R.; Zainudin, E. S.; Nurazzi, N. M.; Atikah, M. S.N.; Ansari, M. N.M.; Asyraf, M. R.M.; Supian, A. B.M.; Ya, Hamdan.

In: Polymer Composites, Vol. 41, No. 2, 01.02.2020, p. 459-467.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Sugar palm (Arenga pinnata [Wurmb.] Merr) starch films containing sugar palm nanofibrillated cellulose as reinforcement

T2 - Water barrier properties

AU - Ilyas, R. A.

AU - Sapuan, S. M.

AU - Atiqah, A.

AU - Ibrahim, Rushdan

AU - Abral, Hairul

AU - Ishak, M. R.

AU - Zainudin, E. S.

AU - Nurazzi, N. M.

AU - Atikah, M. S.N.

AU - Ansari, M. N.M.

AU - Asyraf, M. R.M.

AU - Supian, A. B.M.

AU - Ya, Hamdan

PY - 2020/2/1

Y1 - 2020/2/1

N2 - Sugar palm fiber (SPF) is an agro-waste plant that can be used as potential source of biomass for various biomaterial applications. In this study, sugar palm nanofibrillated cellulose (SPNFC) that was isolated from SPF was used as a nanofiller to reinforce sugar palm starch (SPS) to produce bionanocomposites. To attain SPNFCs, SPF was undergo strong acid and alkaline treatments. Later, the SPNFCs were prepared from SPFs via high pressurized homogenization process. The reinforcement of SPNFCs (0-1.0 wt%) and SPS is done by using solution casting methods. The films were characterized in terms of physical properties such as light transmittance, moisture content, water solubility, and water absorption. The resulting nanocomposites permitted better water resistance, low moisture absorption, and low light transmittance as compared to control SPS film. Adding 1 wt% SPNFCs loading significantly improved the water absorption and water solubility of the composite film by 24.13% and 18.60%, respectively, compared with the control SPS film. This was attributed to the high compatibility between the SPNFCs and SPS matrixes, which composed of the multi-hydroxyl polymer having three hydroxyl groups per monomer. Thus, this study is to show the potential of SPS/SPNFCs nanocomposite films in packaging industries.

AB - Sugar palm fiber (SPF) is an agro-waste plant that can be used as potential source of biomass for various biomaterial applications. In this study, sugar palm nanofibrillated cellulose (SPNFC) that was isolated from SPF was used as a nanofiller to reinforce sugar palm starch (SPS) to produce bionanocomposites. To attain SPNFCs, SPF was undergo strong acid and alkaline treatments. Later, the SPNFCs were prepared from SPFs via high pressurized homogenization process. The reinforcement of SPNFCs (0-1.0 wt%) and SPS is done by using solution casting methods. The films were characterized in terms of physical properties such as light transmittance, moisture content, water solubility, and water absorption. The resulting nanocomposites permitted better water resistance, low moisture absorption, and low light transmittance as compared to control SPS film. Adding 1 wt% SPNFCs loading significantly improved the water absorption and water solubility of the composite film by 24.13% and 18.60%, respectively, compared with the control SPS film. This was attributed to the high compatibility between the SPNFCs and SPS matrixes, which composed of the multi-hydroxyl polymer having three hydroxyl groups per monomer. Thus, this study is to show the potential of SPS/SPNFCs nanocomposite films in packaging industries.

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