Study of Groundwater Physical Characteristics: A Case Study at District of Pekan, Pahang

M. M.M. Hashim, Mohd Hafiz Zawawi, K. Samuding, J. A. Dominic, M. H. Zulkurnain, K. Mohamad

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article


A study of groundwater physical characteristic has been conducted at Pahang Tua, Pekan, Tanjung Batu and Nenasi, Pahang. There are several locations of tube well selected in this study. Four of five locations are situated in the coastal area and another one is located outside of coastal line. The purposes of this study are to identify the physical characteristic of groundwater (temperature, pH, electrical conductivity (EC), total dissolved solids (TDS) and salinity) and to identify the influence of sampling location and tube well depth to its physical characteristics. The results from the in-situ measurement were identified the physical characteristic groundwater for each tube well location. The result shows that temperature and pH for all groundwater samples almost in the same value but for the electrical conductivity, salinity and total dissolved solid have significant difference that related to location and depth of the tube well. The Pekan tube well with 80m depth and 2km distance from the sea have the highest value of EC, TDS and salinity (14460.53 S/cm, 7230.63 ppm and 8.32 PSU) compared to Nenasi with 30m depth of tube well and 0.65km distance from the sea. The EC, TDS and salinity value recorded are 1454.3253 S/cm, 727.00 ppm and 0.72 PSU. From the result of EC, TDS and salinity, it shows that the deeper tube well in the coastal area will obtained higher value of EC, TDS and salinity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012096
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 11 Apr 2018
EventInternational Seminar on Mathematics and Physics in Sciences and Technology 2017, ISMAP 2017 - Batu Pahat, Malaysia
Duration: 28 Oct 201729 Oct 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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