Student spin-off intentions in malaysian higher educational institutions: Founders’ characteristics and university roles

Abdul Rahman Zahari, Puteri Fadzline Muhamad Tamyez, Noor Azlinna Azizan, Fariza Hashim

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This study aims to examine the effects of founders’ characteristics and university roles on student spin-off intentions in Malaysian higher educational institutions. The study of student spin-offs has captured the attention of policymakers, educators and researchers because of its contribution to achieving a university’s vision and mission, regional economic growth, knowledge commercialization and employment generation. This study involved online survey research designed and informed by two research questions. A stratified sampling technique was applied and was able to obtain 369 samples from the founders of student spin-offs from eleven public universities in Malaysia. The data was analysed using partial least squares-structural equation modelling (PLS-SEM). The results indicate that four of the six paths in the conceptual model were significant and affirmed the direction proposed by this study. The need for achievement, innovativeness, a propensity for risk taking and self-efficacy were seen to be positively related to student spin-off intentions. However, two constructs, namely locus of control and university roles were not significant in relation to student spin-off intentions. This study will provide valuable insights for policymakers and universities enable them to reduce the number of unemployed graduates and create a viable entrepreneurial ecosystem within the universities. The majority of student spin-off studies have been conducted in developed countries so this study could offer different insights from previous studies because the setting is a developing country.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1528-2651-21-S1-179
JournalJournal of Entrepreneurship Education
Issue numberSpecial Issue
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jan 2018


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Business and International Management
  • Education
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Strategy and Management

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