Spectrum band for smart grid implementation in Malaysia

Yik Kuan Hiew, Norazizah Mohd Aripin, Shanjeevan Jayavalan, Norashidah Md Din

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The existing electric grid system is facing many challenges: aging infrastructure, growing energy demand, lack of fault-tolerance, lack of diversification of energy supply, emission of carbon dioxide, etc. This encourages the roll out of smart grid system to reinforce the existing grid system. One of the key technologies of smart grid is two-way communication between smart grid components. As smart grid covers a wide range of geographical area, wireless communication outperforms wired communication. However, it is economically not viable to assign a particular band of spectrum for smart grid communication. Besides, the problems encountered in today's spectrum management include scarcity of spectrum, inflexibility of static spectrum assignment, and underutilization of the spectrum. The concept of cognitive radio is an attractive solution for smart grid. By deploying cognitive radio based smart grid, the smart grid component will perform spectrum sensing to look for idle spectrum and opportunistically utilize the idle spectrum. In view of that, the spectrum usage pattern has to be investigated before any justification of a suitable framework for cognitive radio based smart grid is made. In this project, we conducted several spectrum measurements in Malaysia. Antenna and other measurement equipment were set up at Universiti Tenaga Nasional, MIMOS, and Universiti of Malaya to capture 24-hour measurement data. We focused on TV band, GSM band, 3G band, LTE band, ISM band, and WiMAX band. To verify the spectrum usage, the duty cycle (DC) method was used as an indicator of the activeness of the spectrum band. We found that the bands are moderately to heavily underutilize. Based on these spectrum occupancy measurement results, we suggest a feasible cognitive radio based smart grid framework.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceeding - 2013 IEEE Student Conference on Research and Development, SCOReD 2013
EditorsRosdiadee Nordin, Montadar Abas Taher, Mahamod Ismail
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages26-30
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781479926565
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 06 Jan 2013
Event2013 11th IEEE Student Conference on Research and Development, SCOReD 2013 - Putrajaya, Malaysia
Duration: 16 Dec 201317 Dec 2013

Publication series

NameProceeding - 2013 IEEE Student Conference on Research and Development, SCOReD 2013

Other

Other2013 11th IEEE Student Conference on Research and Development, SCOReD 2013
CountryMalaysia
CityPutrajaya
Period16/12/1317/12/13

Fingerprint

Cognitive radio
Communication
Global system for mobile communications
Fault tolerance
Carbon dioxide
Aging of materials
Antennas

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Hiew, Y. K., Mohd Aripin, N., Jayavalan, S., & Md Din, N. (2013). Spectrum band for smart grid implementation in Malaysia. In R. Nordin, M. A. Taher, & M. Ismail (Eds.), Proceeding - 2013 IEEE Student Conference on Research and Development, SCOReD 2013 (pp. 26-30). [7002534] (Proceeding - 2013 IEEE Student Conference on Research and Development, SCOReD 2013). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/SCOReD.2013.7002534
Hiew, Yik Kuan ; Mohd Aripin, Norazizah ; Jayavalan, Shanjeevan ; Md Din, Norashidah. / Spectrum band for smart grid implementation in Malaysia. Proceeding - 2013 IEEE Student Conference on Research and Development, SCOReD 2013. editor / Rosdiadee Nordin ; Montadar Abas Taher ; Mahamod Ismail. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2013. pp. 26-30 (Proceeding - 2013 IEEE Student Conference on Research and Development, SCOReD 2013).
@inproceedings{edd7ec44bb0b445f8a4945785bdbf292,
title = "Spectrum band for smart grid implementation in Malaysia",
abstract = "The existing electric grid system is facing many challenges: aging infrastructure, growing energy demand, lack of fault-tolerance, lack of diversification of energy supply, emission of carbon dioxide, etc. This encourages the roll out of smart grid system to reinforce the existing grid system. One of the key technologies of smart grid is two-way communication between smart grid components. As smart grid covers a wide range of geographical area, wireless communication outperforms wired communication. However, it is economically not viable to assign a particular band of spectrum for smart grid communication. Besides, the problems encountered in today's spectrum management include scarcity of spectrum, inflexibility of static spectrum assignment, and underutilization of the spectrum. The concept of cognitive radio is an attractive solution for smart grid. By deploying cognitive radio based smart grid, the smart grid component will perform spectrum sensing to look for idle spectrum and opportunistically utilize the idle spectrum. In view of that, the spectrum usage pattern has to be investigated before any justification of a suitable framework for cognitive radio based smart grid is made. In this project, we conducted several spectrum measurements in Malaysia. Antenna and other measurement equipment were set up at Universiti Tenaga Nasional, MIMOS, and Universiti of Malaya to capture 24-hour measurement data. We focused on TV band, GSM band, 3G band, LTE band, ISM band, and WiMAX band. To verify the spectrum usage, the duty cycle (DC) method was used as an indicator of the activeness of the spectrum band. We found that the bands are moderately to heavily underutilize. Based on these spectrum occupancy measurement results, we suggest a feasible cognitive radio based smart grid framework.",
author = "Hiew, {Yik Kuan} and {Mohd Aripin}, Norazizah and Shanjeevan Jayavalan and {Md Din}, Norashidah",
year = "2013",
month = "1",
day = "6",
doi = "10.1109/SCOReD.2013.7002534",
language = "English",
series = "Proceeding - 2013 IEEE Student Conference on Research and Development, SCOReD 2013",
publisher = "Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.",
pages = "26--30",
editor = "Rosdiadee Nordin and Taher, {Montadar Abas} and Mahamod Ismail",
booktitle = "Proceeding - 2013 IEEE Student Conference on Research and Development, SCOReD 2013",
address = "United States",

}

Hiew, YK, Mohd Aripin, N, Jayavalan, S & Md Din, N 2013, Spectrum band for smart grid implementation in Malaysia. in R Nordin, MA Taher & M Ismail (eds), Proceeding - 2013 IEEE Student Conference on Research and Development, SCOReD 2013., 7002534, Proceeding - 2013 IEEE Student Conference on Research and Development, SCOReD 2013, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., pp. 26-30, 2013 11th IEEE Student Conference on Research and Development, SCOReD 2013, Putrajaya, Malaysia, 16/12/13. https://doi.org/10.1109/SCOReD.2013.7002534

Spectrum band for smart grid implementation in Malaysia. / Hiew, Yik Kuan; Mohd Aripin, Norazizah; Jayavalan, Shanjeevan; Md Din, Norashidah.

Proceeding - 2013 IEEE Student Conference on Research and Development, SCOReD 2013. ed. / Rosdiadee Nordin; Montadar Abas Taher; Mahamod Ismail. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2013. p. 26-30 7002534 (Proceeding - 2013 IEEE Student Conference on Research and Development, SCOReD 2013).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

TY - GEN

T1 - Spectrum band for smart grid implementation in Malaysia

AU - Hiew, Yik Kuan

AU - Mohd Aripin, Norazizah

AU - Jayavalan, Shanjeevan

AU - Md Din, Norashidah

PY - 2013/1/6

Y1 - 2013/1/6

N2 - The existing electric grid system is facing many challenges: aging infrastructure, growing energy demand, lack of fault-tolerance, lack of diversification of energy supply, emission of carbon dioxide, etc. This encourages the roll out of smart grid system to reinforce the existing grid system. One of the key technologies of smart grid is two-way communication between smart grid components. As smart grid covers a wide range of geographical area, wireless communication outperforms wired communication. However, it is economically not viable to assign a particular band of spectrum for smart grid communication. Besides, the problems encountered in today's spectrum management include scarcity of spectrum, inflexibility of static spectrum assignment, and underutilization of the spectrum. The concept of cognitive radio is an attractive solution for smart grid. By deploying cognitive radio based smart grid, the smart grid component will perform spectrum sensing to look for idle spectrum and opportunistically utilize the idle spectrum. In view of that, the spectrum usage pattern has to be investigated before any justification of a suitable framework for cognitive radio based smart grid is made. In this project, we conducted several spectrum measurements in Malaysia. Antenna and other measurement equipment were set up at Universiti Tenaga Nasional, MIMOS, and Universiti of Malaya to capture 24-hour measurement data. We focused on TV band, GSM band, 3G band, LTE band, ISM band, and WiMAX band. To verify the spectrum usage, the duty cycle (DC) method was used as an indicator of the activeness of the spectrum band. We found that the bands are moderately to heavily underutilize. Based on these spectrum occupancy measurement results, we suggest a feasible cognitive radio based smart grid framework.

AB - The existing electric grid system is facing many challenges: aging infrastructure, growing energy demand, lack of fault-tolerance, lack of diversification of energy supply, emission of carbon dioxide, etc. This encourages the roll out of smart grid system to reinforce the existing grid system. One of the key technologies of smart grid is two-way communication between smart grid components. As smart grid covers a wide range of geographical area, wireless communication outperforms wired communication. However, it is economically not viable to assign a particular band of spectrum for smart grid communication. Besides, the problems encountered in today's spectrum management include scarcity of spectrum, inflexibility of static spectrum assignment, and underutilization of the spectrum. The concept of cognitive radio is an attractive solution for smart grid. By deploying cognitive radio based smart grid, the smart grid component will perform spectrum sensing to look for idle spectrum and opportunistically utilize the idle spectrum. In view of that, the spectrum usage pattern has to be investigated before any justification of a suitable framework for cognitive radio based smart grid is made. In this project, we conducted several spectrum measurements in Malaysia. Antenna and other measurement equipment were set up at Universiti Tenaga Nasional, MIMOS, and Universiti of Malaya to capture 24-hour measurement data. We focused on TV band, GSM band, 3G band, LTE band, ISM band, and WiMAX band. To verify the spectrum usage, the duty cycle (DC) method was used as an indicator of the activeness of the spectrum band. We found that the bands are moderately to heavily underutilize. Based on these spectrum occupancy measurement results, we suggest a feasible cognitive radio based smart grid framework.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84921766299&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84921766299&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1109/SCOReD.2013.7002534

DO - 10.1109/SCOReD.2013.7002534

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:84921766299

T3 - Proceeding - 2013 IEEE Student Conference on Research and Development, SCOReD 2013

SP - 26

EP - 30

BT - Proceeding - 2013 IEEE Student Conference on Research and Development, SCOReD 2013

A2 - Nordin, Rosdiadee

A2 - Taher, Montadar Abas

A2 - Ismail, Mahamod

PB - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.

ER -

Hiew YK, Mohd Aripin N, Jayavalan S, Md Din N. Spectrum band for smart grid implementation in Malaysia. In Nordin R, Taher MA, Ismail M, editors, Proceeding - 2013 IEEE Student Conference on Research and Development, SCOReD 2013. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. 2013. p. 26-30. 7002534. (Proceeding - 2013 IEEE Student Conference on Research and Development, SCOReD 2013). https://doi.org/10.1109/SCOReD.2013.7002534