Schleichera oleosa L oil as feedstock for biodiesel production

A. S. Silitonga, H. H. Masjuki, T.m. Indra Mahlia, Hwai Chyuan Ong, F. Kusumo, H. B. Aditiya, N. N.N. Ghazali

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The non-edible oil from Schleichera oleosa possesses the potential as a feedstock for biodiesel production. In this study, the biodiesel production was performed using two-step transesterification process on a laboratory scale. The parameters studied were reaction temperature, molar ratio of methanol to oil, catalyst concentration, reaction time and catalysts type. An analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to determine the methyl ester yield. The optimum conditions were obtained as follows: reaction temperature at 55 °C, methanol to oil molar ratio of 8:1, 1 wt.% of hydroxide catalyst (KOH and NaOH) and 1 wt.% methoxide catalyst (CH3OK and CH3ONa) for reaction time 90 min. Based from these optimum conditions, the observed ester yields from different catalysts were average 96%, 93%, 91% and 88% for KOH, NaOH, CH3OK and CH3ONa respectively as the catalyst. S. oleosa methyl ester (SOME) exhibited a satisfying oxidative stability of 7.23 h and high cetane number (50.6) compared to petrol diesel (49.7). Besides, SOME has good pour and cloud point of -3.0 °C and -1.0 °C respectively due to high unsaturated fatty chain. As a conclusion, this study reveals that biodiesel production from SOME, as one of non-edible feedstock, is able to be an alternative for petrol diesel. Moreover, the produced biodiesel from SOME could be used in diesel engine without major modification due to its properties and can be used in cold regions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-70
Number of pages8
JournalFuel
Volume156
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sep 2015

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Biofuels
Biodiesel
Feedstocks
Esters
Oils
Catalysts
Methanol
Antiknock rating
Transesterification
Analysis of variance (ANOVA)
Diesel engines
Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Organic Chemistry

Cite this

Silitonga, A. S., Masjuki, H. H., Mahlia, T. M. I., Ong, H. C., Kusumo, F., Aditiya, H. B., & Ghazali, N. N. N. (2015). Schleichera oleosa L oil as feedstock for biodiesel production. Fuel, 156, 63-70. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2015.04.046
Silitonga, A. S. ; Masjuki, H. H. ; Mahlia, T.m. Indra ; Ong, Hwai Chyuan ; Kusumo, F. ; Aditiya, H. B. ; Ghazali, N. N.N. / Schleichera oleosa L oil as feedstock for biodiesel production. In: Fuel. 2015 ; Vol. 156. pp. 63-70.
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abstract = "The non-edible oil from Schleichera oleosa possesses the potential as a feedstock for biodiesel production. In this study, the biodiesel production was performed using two-step transesterification process on a laboratory scale. The parameters studied were reaction temperature, molar ratio of methanol to oil, catalyst concentration, reaction time and catalysts type. An analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to determine the methyl ester yield. The optimum conditions were obtained as follows: reaction temperature at 55 °C, methanol to oil molar ratio of 8:1, 1 wt.{\%} of hydroxide catalyst (KOH and NaOH) and 1 wt.{\%} methoxide catalyst (CH3OK and CH3ONa) for reaction time 90 min. Based from these optimum conditions, the observed ester yields from different catalysts were average 96{\%}, 93{\%}, 91{\%} and 88{\%} for KOH, NaOH, CH3OK and CH3ONa respectively as the catalyst. S. oleosa methyl ester (SOME) exhibited a satisfying oxidative stability of 7.23 h and high cetane number (50.6) compared to petrol diesel (49.7). Besides, SOME has good pour and cloud point of -3.0 °C and -1.0 °C respectively due to high unsaturated fatty chain. As a conclusion, this study reveals that biodiesel production from SOME, as one of non-edible feedstock, is able to be an alternative for petrol diesel. Moreover, the produced biodiesel from SOME could be used in diesel engine without major modification due to its properties and can be used in cold regions.",
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Silitonga, AS, Masjuki, HH, Mahlia, TMI, Ong, HC, Kusumo, F, Aditiya, HB & Ghazali, NNN 2015, 'Schleichera oleosa L oil as feedstock for biodiesel production', Fuel, vol. 156, pp. 63-70. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2015.04.046

Schleichera oleosa L oil as feedstock for biodiesel production. / Silitonga, A. S.; Masjuki, H. H.; Mahlia, T.m. Indra; Ong, Hwai Chyuan; Kusumo, F.; Aditiya, H. B.; Ghazali, N. N.N.

In: Fuel, Vol. 156, 15.09.2015, p. 63-70.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Schleichera oleosa L oil as feedstock for biodiesel production

AU - Silitonga, A. S.

AU - Masjuki, H. H.

AU - Mahlia, T.m. Indra

AU - Ong, Hwai Chyuan

AU - Kusumo, F.

AU - Aditiya, H. B.

AU - Ghazali, N. N.N.

PY - 2015/9/15

Y1 - 2015/9/15

N2 - The non-edible oil from Schleichera oleosa possesses the potential as a feedstock for biodiesel production. In this study, the biodiesel production was performed using two-step transesterification process on a laboratory scale. The parameters studied were reaction temperature, molar ratio of methanol to oil, catalyst concentration, reaction time and catalysts type. An analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to determine the methyl ester yield. The optimum conditions were obtained as follows: reaction temperature at 55 °C, methanol to oil molar ratio of 8:1, 1 wt.% of hydroxide catalyst (KOH and NaOH) and 1 wt.% methoxide catalyst (CH3OK and CH3ONa) for reaction time 90 min. Based from these optimum conditions, the observed ester yields from different catalysts were average 96%, 93%, 91% and 88% for KOH, NaOH, CH3OK and CH3ONa respectively as the catalyst. S. oleosa methyl ester (SOME) exhibited a satisfying oxidative stability of 7.23 h and high cetane number (50.6) compared to petrol diesel (49.7). Besides, SOME has good pour and cloud point of -3.0 °C and -1.0 °C respectively due to high unsaturated fatty chain. As a conclusion, this study reveals that biodiesel production from SOME, as one of non-edible feedstock, is able to be an alternative for petrol diesel. Moreover, the produced biodiesel from SOME could be used in diesel engine without major modification due to its properties and can be used in cold regions.

AB - The non-edible oil from Schleichera oleosa possesses the potential as a feedstock for biodiesel production. In this study, the biodiesel production was performed using two-step transesterification process on a laboratory scale. The parameters studied were reaction temperature, molar ratio of methanol to oil, catalyst concentration, reaction time and catalysts type. An analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to determine the methyl ester yield. The optimum conditions were obtained as follows: reaction temperature at 55 °C, methanol to oil molar ratio of 8:1, 1 wt.% of hydroxide catalyst (KOH and NaOH) and 1 wt.% methoxide catalyst (CH3OK and CH3ONa) for reaction time 90 min. Based from these optimum conditions, the observed ester yields from different catalysts were average 96%, 93%, 91% and 88% for KOH, NaOH, CH3OK and CH3ONa respectively as the catalyst. S. oleosa methyl ester (SOME) exhibited a satisfying oxidative stability of 7.23 h and high cetane number (50.6) compared to petrol diesel (49.7). Besides, SOME has good pour and cloud point of -3.0 °C and -1.0 °C respectively due to high unsaturated fatty chain. As a conclusion, this study reveals that biodiesel production from SOME, as one of non-edible feedstock, is able to be an alternative for petrol diesel. Moreover, the produced biodiesel from SOME could be used in diesel engine without major modification due to its properties and can be used in cold regions.

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Silitonga AS, Masjuki HH, Mahlia TMI, Ong HC, Kusumo F, Aditiya HB et al. Schleichera oleosa L oil as feedstock for biodiesel production. Fuel. 2015 Sep 15;156:63-70. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2015.04.046