Role of surface to volume ratio of zinc oxide arrester blocks on the energy absorption capability

A. N.M. Karim, Shahida Begum, M. S.J. Hashmi

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

The functional life of a zinc oxide arrester block is largely dependent on its energy absorption capability. This capability is an important performance characteristic of a lighting arrester which leads to enhanced reliability of a surge protection system. An arrester block is usually cylindrical in shape with two flat surfaces. Injected energy of transient electrical surge into the arrester body is transformed into heat and dissipated through the surface of the disc body. This study has been conducted to observe whether the higher surface to volume (S/V) ratio of an arrester block enhances the capability of energy absorption or not. The round side or C-surface of the cylindrical disc was ground by diamond wheel to transform into hexagonal shape. By making the modification of the geometrical shape an increase of about 11% in S/V ratio was achieved. ZnO arrester blocks of both shapes were tested for energy. The average energy absorption capability for the hexagonal discs was found to be 483 J.cm-3 compared to that of 357 J.cm-3 for the discs having the cylindrical shape. Thus, about 35% increase in energy absorption capability is observed for the hexagonal discs. This knowledge can be useful in designing the geometry of the device for improved functional reliability of electrical system.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012008
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jan 2013
Event26th IAHR Symposium on Hydraulic Machinery and Systems - Beijing, China
Duration: 19 Aug 201223 Aug 2012

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zinc
oxide
energy
diamond
transform
geometry

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "The functional life of a zinc oxide arrester block is largely dependent on its energy absorption capability. This capability is an important performance characteristic of a lighting arrester which leads to enhanced reliability of a surge protection system. An arrester block is usually cylindrical in shape with two flat surfaces. Injected energy of transient electrical surge into the arrester body is transformed into heat and dissipated through the surface of the disc body. This study has been conducted to observe whether the higher surface to volume (S/V) ratio of an arrester block enhances the capability of energy absorption or not. The round side or C-surface of the cylindrical disc was ground by diamond wheel to transform into hexagonal shape. By making the modification of the geometrical shape an increase of about 11{\%} in S/V ratio was achieved. ZnO arrester blocks of both shapes were tested for energy. The average energy absorption capability for the hexagonal discs was found to be 483 J.cm-3 compared to that of 357 J.cm-3 for the discs having the cylindrical shape. Thus, about 35{\%} increase in energy absorption capability is observed for the hexagonal discs. This knowledge can be useful in designing the geometry of the device for improved functional reliability of electrical system.",
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Role of surface to volume ratio of zinc oxide arrester blocks on the energy absorption capability. / Karim, A. N.M.; Begum, Shahida; Hashmi, M. S.J.

In: IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Vol. 16, No. 1, 012008, 01.01.2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

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