Resource recovery from municipal solid waste by mechanical heat treatment

An opportunity

Mohamad Anuar Kamaruddin, Mohd Suffian Yusoff, Nurazim Ibrahim, Mohd Hafiz Zawawi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Municipal solid waste (MSW) stream in Malaysia consists of 50 to 60 % of food wastes. In general, food wastes are commingled in nature and very difficult to be managed in sustainable manner due to high moisture content. Consequently, by dumping food wastes together with inert wastes to the landfill as final disposal destination incurs large space area and reducing the lifespan of landfill. Therefore, certain fraction of the MSW as such; food wastes (FW) can be diverted from total disposal at the landfill that can improve landfill lifespan and environmental conservation. This study aims to determine the resource characteristics of FW extracted from USM cafeteria by means of mechanical heat treatment in the presence of autoclaving technology. Sampling of FW were conducted by collecting FW samples from disposal storage at designated area within USM campus. FW characteristics was performed prior and autoclaving process. The results have demonstrated that bones fraction was the highest followed by vegetable and rice with 39, 27 and 10%, respectively. Meanwhile, based on autoclaving technique, moisture content of the FW (fresh waste) were able to be reduced ranging from 65-85% to 59-69% (treated waste). Meanwhile, chemical characteristics of treated FW results in pH, TOC, TKN, C/N ratio, TP, and TK 5.12, 27,6%, 1.6%, 17.3%, 0.9% and 0.36%. The results revealed that autoclaving technology is a promising approach for MSW diversion that can be transformed into useful byproducts such as fertilizer, RDF and recyclable items.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvanced Materials Engineering and Technology V
Subtitle of host publicationInternational Conference on Advanced Material Engineering and Technology 2016
EditorsShayfull Zamree Abd Rahim, Mohd Mustafa Al Bakri Abdullah, Muhammad Faheem Mohd Tahir, Mohd Fathullah Bin Ghazli at Ghazali, Heah Cheng Yong, Romisuhani Ahmad
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735415058
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Apr 2017
Event5th International Conference on Advanced Material Engineering and Technology 2016, ICAMET 2016 - Kaohsiung City, Taiwan, Province of China
Duration: 08 Dec 201609 Dec 2016

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume1835
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Other

Other5th International Conference on Advanced Material Engineering and Technology 2016, ICAMET 2016
CountryTaiwan, Province of China
CityKaohsiung City
Period08/12/1609/12/16

Fingerprint

solid wastes
resources
heat treatment
recovery
food
autoclaving
landfills
disposal
moisture content
dumping
Malaysia
fertilizers
vegetables
rice
bones
conservation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology
  • Plant Science
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation

Cite this

Kamaruddin, M. A., Yusoff, M. S., Ibrahim, N., & Zawawi, M. H. (2017). Resource recovery from municipal solid waste by mechanical heat treatment: An opportunity. In S. Z. A. Rahim, M. M. A. B. Abdullah, M. F. M. Tahir, M. F. B. Ghazli at Ghazali, H. C. Yong, & R. Ahmad (Eds.), Advanced Materials Engineering and Technology V: International Conference on Advanced Material Engineering and Technology 2016 [020031] (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 1835). American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4981853
Kamaruddin, Mohamad Anuar ; Yusoff, Mohd Suffian ; Ibrahim, Nurazim ; Zawawi, Mohd Hafiz. / Resource recovery from municipal solid waste by mechanical heat treatment : An opportunity. Advanced Materials Engineering and Technology V: International Conference on Advanced Material Engineering and Technology 2016. editor / Shayfull Zamree Abd Rahim ; Mohd Mustafa Al Bakri Abdullah ; Muhammad Faheem Mohd Tahir ; Mohd Fathullah Bin Ghazli at Ghazali ; Heah Cheng Yong ; Romisuhani Ahmad. American Institute of Physics Inc., 2017. (AIP Conference Proceedings).
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title = "Resource recovery from municipal solid waste by mechanical heat treatment: An opportunity",
abstract = "Municipal solid waste (MSW) stream in Malaysia consists of 50 to 60 {\%} of food wastes. In general, food wastes are commingled in nature and very difficult to be managed in sustainable manner due to high moisture content. Consequently, by dumping food wastes together with inert wastes to the landfill as final disposal destination incurs large space area and reducing the lifespan of landfill. Therefore, certain fraction of the MSW as such; food wastes (FW) can be diverted from total disposal at the landfill that can improve landfill lifespan and environmental conservation. This study aims to determine the resource characteristics of FW extracted from USM cafeteria by means of mechanical heat treatment in the presence of autoclaving technology. Sampling of FW were conducted by collecting FW samples from disposal storage at designated area within USM campus. FW characteristics was performed prior and autoclaving process. The results have demonstrated that bones fraction was the highest followed by vegetable and rice with 39, 27 and 10{\%}, respectively. Meanwhile, based on autoclaving technique, moisture content of the FW (fresh waste) were able to be reduced ranging from 65-85{\%} to 59-69{\%} (treated waste). Meanwhile, chemical characteristics of treated FW results in pH, TOC, TKN, C/N ratio, TP, and TK 5.12, 27,6{\%}, 1.6{\%}, 17.3{\%}, 0.9{\%} and 0.36{\%}. The results revealed that autoclaving technology is a promising approach for MSW diversion that can be transformed into useful byproducts such as fertilizer, RDF and recyclable items.",
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Kamaruddin, MA, Yusoff, MS, Ibrahim, N & Zawawi, MH 2017, Resource recovery from municipal solid waste by mechanical heat treatment: An opportunity. in SZA Rahim, MMAB Abdullah, MFM Tahir, MFB Ghazli at Ghazali, HC Yong & R Ahmad (eds), Advanced Materials Engineering and Technology V: International Conference on Advanced Material Engineering and Technology 2016., 020031, AIP Conference Proceedings, vol. 1835, American Institute of Physics Inc., 5th International Conference on Advanced Material Engineering and Technology 2016, ICAMET 2016, Kaohsiung City, Taiwan, Province of China, 08/12/16. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4981853

Resource recovery from municipal solid waste by mechanical heat treatment : An opportunity. / Kamaruddin, Mohamad Anuar; Yusoff, Mohd Suffian; Ibrahim, Nurazim; Zawawi, Mohd Hafiz.

Advanced Materials Engineering and Technology V: International Conference on Advanced Material Engineering and Technology 2016. ed. / Shayfull Zamree Abd Rahim; Mohd Mustafa Al Bakri Abdullah; Muhammad Faheem Mohd Tahir; Mohd Fathullah Bin Ghazli at Ghazali; Heah Cheng Yong; Romisuhani Ahmad. American Institute of Physics Inc., 2017. 020031 (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 1835).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

TY - GEN

T1 - Resource recovery from municipal solid waste by mechanical heat treatment

T2 - An opportunity

AU - Kamaruddin, Mohamad Anuar

AU - Yusoff, Mohd Suffian

AU - Ibrahim, Nurazim

AU - Zawawi, Mohd Hafiz

PY - 2017/4/26

Y1 - 2017/4/26

N2 - Municipal solid waste (MSW) stream in Malaysia consists of 50 to 60 % of food wastes. In general, food wastes are commingled in nature and very difficult to be managed in sustainable manner due to high moisture content. Consequently, by dumping food wastes together with inert wastes to the landfill as final disposal destination incurs large space area and reducing the lifespan of landfill. Therefore, certain fraction of the MSW as such; food wastes (FW) can be diverted from total disposal at the landfill that can improve landfill lifespan and environmental conservation. This study aims to determine the resource characteristics of FW extracted from USM cafeteria by means of mechanical heat treatment in the presence of autoclaving technology. Sampling of FW were conducted by collecting FW samples from disposal storage at designated area within USM campus. FW characteristics was performed prior and autoclaving process. The results have demonstrated that bones fraction was the highest followed by vegetable and rice with 39, 27 and 10%, respectively. Meanwhile, based on autoclaving technique, moisture content of the FW (fresh waste) were able to be reduced ranging from 65-85% to 59-69% (treated waste). Meanwhile, chemical characteristics of treated FW results in pH, TOC, TKN, C/N ratio, TP, and TK 5.12, 27,6%, 1.6%, 17.3%, 0.9% and 0.36%. The results revealed that autoclaving technology is a promising approach for MSW diversion that can be transformed into useful byproducts such as fertilizer, RDF and recyclable items.

AB - Municipal solid waste (MSW) stream in Malaysia consists of 50 to 60 % of food wastes. In general, food wastes are commingled in nature and very difficult to be managed in sustainable manner due to high moisture content. Consequently, by dumping food wastes together with inert wastes to the landfill as final disposal destination incurs large space area and reducing the lifespan of landfill. Therefore, certain fraction of the MSW as such; food wastes (FW) can be diverted from total disposal at the landfill that can improve landfill lifespan and environmental conservation. This study aims to determine the resource characteristics of FW extracted from USM cafeteria by means of mechanical heat treatment in the presence of autoclaving technology. Sampling of FW were conducted by collecting FW samples from disposal storage at designated area within USM campus. FW characteristics was performed prior and autoclaving process. The results have demonstrated that bones fraction was the highest followed by vegetable and rice with 39, 27 and 10%, respectively. Meanwhile, based on autoclaving technique, moisture content of the FW (fresh waste) were able to be reduced ranging from 65-85% to 59-69% (treated waste). Meanwhile, chemical characteristics of treated FW results in pH, TOC, TKN, C/N ratio, TP, and TK 5.12, 27,6%, 1.6%, 17.3%, 0.9% and 0.36%. The results revealed that autoclaving technology is a promising approach for MSW diversion that can be transformed into useful byproducts such as fertilizer, RDF and recyclable items.

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U2 - 10.1063/1.4981853

DO - 10.1063/1.4981853

M3 - Conference contribution

T3 - AIP Conference Proceedings

BT - Advanced Materials Engineering and Technology V

A2 - Rahim, Shayfull Zamree Abd

A2 - Abdullah, Mohd Mustafa Al Bakri

A2 - Tahir, Muhammad Faheem Mohd

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PB - American Institute of Physics Inc.

ER -

Kamaruddin MA, Yusoff MS, Ibrahim N, Zawawi MH. Resource recovery from municipal solid waste by mechanical heat treatment: An opportunity. In Rahim SZA, Abdullah MMAB, Tahir MFM, Ghazli at Ghazali MFB, Yong HC, Ahmad R, editors, Advanced Materials Engineering and Technology V: International Conference on Advanced Material Engineering and Technology 2016. American Institute of Physics Inc. 2017. 020031. (AIP Conference Proceedings). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4981853