Reservoir inflow simulation using MIKE NAM rainfall-runoff model: Case study of cameron highlands

Azwin Z.Abdul Razad, Lariyah M. Sidek, Kwansue Jung, Hidayah Basri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Ringlet Reservoir in Cameron Highlands impounds water mainly from four main rivers namely Sg. Telom, Sg. Habu, Sg. Ringlet and Sg. Bertam. Due to the absence of gauge flow data, MIKE NAM rainfall runoff model was used to simulate inflow for short term and long term prediction. Peak flow is sensitive towards any changes in Umax, TG, CQOF, CKBF, CKIF and CK1,2. All parameters except CK1,2 are sensitive in calculation of total volume. Model was calibrated for the period from 1999 to 2006 and validated for the period from 2010 to 2012 at two streamflow locations. The model is reliable to simulate flow satisfactorily especially during flood events. Model shows good agreement between the simulated and observed flow in terms of low flow, peak flow and total volume. Good calibration results were achieved for all scenarios, with NSE > 0.66, RSR < 0.6, R2 > 0.74 and PBIAS (%) < 15%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4206-4225
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Engineering Science and Technology
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2018


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

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