Shot peening process is a cold performed function to enhance the mechanical properties which is widely used in many industries. This process introduces compressive residual stress which was proven to increase the fatigue life, geometry stability and corrosion resistance. However, the benefit of the residual stress is still unstable due to the relaxation during the operation. This paper will study on the trend of the relaxation of residual stress against cyclic loading as well as the change in the hardness. The material used in this study is carbon steel ASTM A516/ SA 516 Grade 70. Shot peening process with steel shots was applied to the samples to introduce compressive residual stress in the samples. Cyclic load was applied to samples after shot peening process with low load of 52Mpa (20% of Yield Strength) and high load of 208Mpa (80% of Yield Strength). The measurement of residual stress using X-Ray diffraction and hardness test was done on the samples to study the trend of the relaxation of residual stress and the change in hardness values. The result shows that more relaxation of residual stress occurs if the applied cyclic load is higher. The change of hardness trend is found non-sequenced in this study due to random coverage of shot peening.