Recent four-wave mixing suppression methods

H. J. Abed, Norashidah Md Din, M. H. Al-Mansoori, H. A. Fadhil, Fairuz Abdullah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper reviews various techniques that have been proposed by many researchers to reduce the effect of four-wave mixing (FWM). A review was suggested to investigate the recent method of each technique and to compare their benefits and limitations in a wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) system. A FWM is defined as an undesirable nonlinear effect that gives significantly degraded system performance, and is expected to become the major drawback for optical communication systems. Among all the suppression techniques, there are six categories that are reviewed in this paper to suppress the effect of FWM and improve the overall system performance, which are: analysis of the individual and combined effects of high dispersion on FWM; using a hybrid WDM and time division multiplexing technique; using optic code division multiple access, using a short fiber optical parametric amplifier; using ultra-low unequal channel spacing, and finally, using a return-to-zero frequency shift-keying modulation format. The reduction techniques of FWM effect were compared according to the benefits and weaknesses of each technique in the application of WDM communication systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2214-2218
Number of pages5
JournalOptik
Volume124
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Aug 2013

Fingerprint

Four wave mixing
four-wave mixing
retarding
wavelength division multiplexing
Wavelength division multiplexing
telecommunication
Communication systems
frequency shift keying
Optical parametric amplifiers
time division multiplexing
Frequency shift keying
Time division multiplexing
code division multiple access
Optical communication
parametric amplifiers
light amplifiers
Code division multiple access
format
optical communication
Optics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Abed, H. J. ; Md Din, Norashidah ; Al-Mansoori, M. H. ; Fadhil, H. A. ; Abdullah, Fairuz. / Recent four-wave mixing suppression methods. In: Optik. 2013 ; Vol. 124, No. 15. pp. 2214-2218.
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Abed, HJ, Md Din, N, Al-Mansoori, MH, Fadhil, HA & Abdullah, F 2013, 'Recent four-wave mixing suppression methods', Optik, vol. 124, no. 15, pp. 2214-2218. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijleo.2012.06.082

Recent four-wave mixing suppression methods. / Abed, H. J.; Md Din, Norashidah; Al-Mansoori, M. H.; Fadhil, H. A.; Abdullah, Fairuz.

In: Optik, Vol. 124, No. 15, 01.08.2013, p. 2214-2218.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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