Microalgae have been exploited for biofuel generation in the current era due to its enormous energy content, fast cellular growth rate, inexpensive culture approaches, accumulation of inorganic compounds, and CO2 sequestration. Currently, research is ongoing towards the advancement of the microalgae cultivation parameters to enhance the biomass yield. The main objective of this study was to delineate the progress of physicochemical parameters for microalgae cultivation such as gaseous transfer, mixing, light demand, temperature, pH, nutrients and the culture period. This review demonstrates the latest research trends on mass transfer coefficient of different microalgae culturing reactors, gas velocity optimization, light intensity, retention time, and radiance effects on microalgae cellular growth, temperature impact on chlorophyll production, and nutrient dosage ratios for cellulosic metabolism to avoid nutrient deprivation. Besides that, cultivation approaches for microalgae associated with mathematical modeling for different parameters, mechanisms of microalgal growth rate and doubling time have been elaborately described. Along with that, this review also documents potential lipid-carbohydrate-protein enriched microalgae candidates for biofuel, biomass productivity, and different cultivation conditions including open-pond cultivation, closed-loop cultivation, and photobioreactors. Various photobioreactor types, the microalgae strain, productivity, advantages, and limitations were tabulated. In line with microalgae cultivation, this study also outlines in detail numerous biofuels from microalgae.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology