Production and comparative fuel properties of biodiesel from non-edible oils

Jatropha curcas, Sterculia foetida and Ceiba pentandra

H. C. Ong, A. S. Silitonga, H. H. Masjuki, T.m. Indra Mahlia, W. T. Chong, M. H. Boosroh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

153 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Biodiesel production from non-edible vegetable oil is one of the effective ways to overcome the problems associated with energy crisis and environmental issues. The non-edible oils represent potential sources for future energy supply. In this study, the physical and chemical properties of crude Jatropha curcas oil (CJCO), crude Sterculia foetida oil (CSFO) and crude Ceiba pentandra oil (CCPO) and its methyl ester have been studied. The acid values of three oils were found to be 12.78 mg KOH per g, 5.11 mg KOH per g and 11.99 mg KOH per g which required acid-esterification and alkali-transesterification process. Acid value was decreased by esterification process using sulfuric acid anhydrous (H2SO4) as a catalyst and alkaline (NaOH) catalyst transesterification was carried out for the conversion of crude oil to methyl esters. The optimal conditions of FAME yield achieved for those three biodiesel were 96.75%, 97.50% and 97.72% respectively. Furthermore, the fuel properties of J. curcas methyl ester (JCME), S. foetida methyl ester (SFME) and C. pentandra methyl ester (CPME) were determined and evaluated. As a result, those produced biodiesel matched and fulfilled ASTM 6751 and EN 14214 biodiesel standards. Based on the results, JCME, SFME and CPME are potential non-edible feedstock for biodiesel production.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)245-255
Number of pages11
JournalEnergy Conversion and Management
Volume73
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 May 2013

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Biodiesel
Esters
Transesterification
Esterification
Acids
Crude oil
Catalysts
Oils
Vegetable oils
Sulfuric acid
Feedstocks
Chemical properties
Physical properties

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

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title = "Production and comparative fuel properties of biodiesel from non-edible oils: Jatropha curcas, Sterculia foetida and Ceiba pentandra",
abstract = "Biodiesel production from non-edible vegetable oil is one of the effective ways to overcome the problems associated with energy crisis and environmental issues. The non-edible oils represent potential sources for future energy supply. In this study, the physical and chemical properties of crude Jatropha curcas oil (CJCO), crude Sterculia foetida oil (CSFO) and crude Ceiba pentandra oil (CCPO) and its methyl ester have been studied. The acid values of three oils were found to be 12.78 mg KOH per g, 5.11 mg KOH per g and 11.99 mg KOH per g which required acid-esterification and alkali-transesterification process. Acid value was decreased by esterification process using sulfuric acid anhydrous (H2SO4) as a catalyst and alkaline (NaOH) catalyst transesterification was carried out for the conversion of crude oil to methyl esters. The optimal conditions of FAME yield achieved for those three biodiesel were 96.75{\%}, 97.50{\%} and 97.72{\%} respectively. Furthermore, the fuel properties of J. curcas methyl ester (JCME), S. foetida methyl ester (SFME) and C. pentandra methyl ester (CPME) were determined and evaluated. As a result, those produced biodiesel matched and fulfilled ASTM 6751 and EN 14214 biodiesel standards. Based on the results, JCME, SFME and CPME are potential non-edible feedstock for biodiesel production.",
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Production and comparative fuel properties of biodiesel from non-edible oils : Jatropha curcas, Sterculia foetida and Ceiba pentandra. / Ong, H. C.; Silitonga, A. S.; Masjuki, H. H.; Mahlia, T.m. Indra; Chong, W. T.; Boosroh, M. H.

In: Energy Conversion and Management, Vol. 73, 31.05.2013, p. 245-255.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Production and comparative fuel properties of biodiesel from non-edible oils

T2 - Jatropha curcas, Sterculia foetida and Ceiba pentandra

AU - Ong, H. C.

AU - Silitonga, A. S.

AU - Masjuki, H. H.

AU - Mahlia, T.m. Indra

AU - Chong, W. T.

AU - Boosroh, M. H.

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Y1 - 2013/5/31

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