Preparation of oil palm EFB derived solid acid catalyst for esterification reaction: Effect of calcination temperature

Shamala Gowri Krishnan, Fei Ling Pua, Kumaran Palanisamy, Sharifah Nabihah

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Oil palm empty fruit bunch (EFB) is one of the palm biomass produced in abundance after oil extraction in Malaysia. This study was focused to utilize this waste biomass as a beneficial raw materials. EFB was used to prepare new solid acid catalyst for biodiesel production. EFB was converted into solid catalyst via direct impregnation method and it was used to catalyse esterification of oleic acid. Transition metal sulfide salt, Fe2(SO4)3 was impregnated on EFB fibres. Effect of different calcination temperature was studied on the properties of catalyst. The result shows that Fe2(SO4)3 based solid acid catalyst which calcined at 500oC exhibited the highest catalytic activity with 93.90% esterification rate was achieved. The morphology and surface chemistry and function group determination for the solid acid catalyst were characterized by SEM-EDX and FTIR.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationScience and Engineering of Materials II
Subtitle of host publicationMaterials and Technology for a Sustainable Future
EditorsChin-Che Tin, Chin-Che Tin, Mohd. Rafie Johan
PublisherTrans Tech Publications Ltd
Pages117-121
Number of pages5
ISBN (Print)9783038356875
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jan 2016
Event2nd International Conference on Science and Engineering of Materials, ICoSEM 2015 - Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Duration: 16 Nov 201518 Nov 2015

Publication series

NameKey Engineering Materials
Volume701
ISSN (Print)1013-9826
ISSN (Electronic)1662-9795

Other

Other2nd International Conference on Science and Engineering of Materials, ICoSEM 2015
CountryMalaysia
CityKuala Lumpur
Period16/11/1518/11/15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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  • Cite this

    Krishnan, S. G., Pua, F. L., Palanisamy, K., & Nabihah, S. (2016). Preparation of oil palm EFB derived solid acid catalyst for esterification reaction: Effect of calcination temperature. In C-C. Tin, C-C. Tin, & M. R. Johan (Eds.), Science and Engineering of Materials II: Materials and Technology for a Sustainable Future (pp. 117-121). (Key Engineering Materials; Vol. 701). Trans Tech Publications Ltd. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.701.117