Preliminary study on the application of loofah fiber and coconut fiber in water filtration

N. A. Selamat, Nurul Hani Mardi, N. A. Zaini

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Water treatment is the process to make the water reusable to consumers. There are several process to treat water such as chlorination, sedimentation and filtration. Water filtration is known to separate substance or object in contaminated water. Method of filtration is vary depending on the location of the targeted material whether it is dissolved in the suspended as a solid or fluid. This paper present a preliminary study to constructing a low-cost of water filter by using materials namely coarse aggregates, sand, activated carbon in additional of loofah and coconut fiber. The result was measured by analyzing the water parameter such as, Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD), Dissolve Oxygen (DO), turbidity, and colour. The result of raw water and filtered water are characterized according to the National Water Quality Standard (NWQS) for Malaysia. The final results from laboratory experiment showed a good improvement of water parameter during the application of coconut and loofah fiber in water filtration. The BOD5 result for coconut and loofah fiber model show significant improvement from class IV to class I and III.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGreen Design and Manufacture
Subtitle of host publicationAdvanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018
EditorsMuhammad Faheem Bin Mohd Tahir, Romisuhani Ahmad, Mohd Nasir Bin Mat Saad, Mohd Fathullah Bin Ghazli, Mohd Mustafa Al-Bakri Abdullah, Shayfull Zamree Bin Abd. Rahim, Liyana Binti Jamaludin
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735417526
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 09 Nov 2018
Event4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018, IConGDM 2018 - Ho Chi Minh, Viet Nam
Duration: 29 Apr 201830 Apr 2018

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2030
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Other

Other4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018, IConGDM 2018
CountryViet Nam
CityHo Chi Minh
Period29/04/1830/04/18

Fingerprint

fibers
water
biochemical oxygen demand
Malaysia
chlorination
water quality
water treatment
turbidity
activated carbon
sands
color
filters
fluids
oxygen

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Selamat, N. A., Mardi, N. H., & Zaini, N. A. (2018). Preliminary study on the application of loofah fiber and coconut fiber in water filtration. In M. F. B. M. Tahir, R. Ahmad, M. N. B. M. Saad, M. F. B. Ghazli, M. M. A-B. Abdullah, S. Z. B. A. Rahim, & L. B. Jamaludin (Eds.), Green Design and Manufacture: Advanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018 [020262] (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 2030). American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5066903
Selamat, N. A. ; Mardi, Nurul Hani ; Zaini, N. A. / Preliminary study on the application of loofah fiber and coconut fiber in water filtration. Green Design and Manufacture: Advanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018. editor / Muhammad Faheem Bin Mohd Tahir ; Romisuhani Ahmad ; Mohd Nasir Bin Mat Saad ; Mohd Fathullah Bin Ghazli ; Mohd Mustafa Al-Bakri Abdullah ; Shayfull Zamree Bin Abd. Rahim ; Liyana Binti Jamaludin. American Institute of Physics Inc., 2018. (AIP Conference Proceedings).
@inproceedings{ba1ada896b3b4146907e3159cb0b7aa1,
title = "Preliminary study on the application of loofah fiber and coconut fiber in water filtration",
abstract = "Water treatment is the process to make the water reusable to consumers. There are several process to treat water such as chlorination, sedimentation and filtration. Water filtration is known to separate substance or object in contaminated water. Method of filtration is vary depending on the location of the targeted material whether it is dissolved in the suspended as a solid or fluid. This paper present a preliminary study to constructing a low-cost of water filter by using materials namely coarse aggregates, sand, activated carbon in additional of loofah and coconut fiber. The result was measured by analyzing the water parameter such as, Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD), Dissolve Oxygen (DO), turbidity, and colour. The result of raw water and filtered water are characterized according to the National Water Quality Standard (NWQS) for Malaysia. The final results from laboratory experiment showed a good improvement of water parameter during the application of coconut and loofah fiber in water filtration. The BOD5 result for coconut and loofah fiber model show significant improvement from class IV to class I and III.",
author = "Selamat, {N. A.} and Mardi, {Nurul Hani} and Zaini, {N. A.}",
year = "2018",
month = "11",
day = "9",
doi = "10.1063/1.5066903",
language = "English",
series = "AIP Conference Proceedings",
publisher = "American Institute of Physics Inc.",
editor = "Tahir, {Muhammad Faheem Bin Mohd} and Romisuhani Ahmad and Saad, {Mohd Nasir Bin Mat} and Ghazli, {Mohd Fathullah Bin} and Abdullah, {Mohd Mustafa Al-Bakri} and Rahim, {Shayfull Zamree Bin Abd.} and Jamaludin, {Liyana Binti}",
booktitle = "Green Design and Manufacture",

}

Selamat, NA, Mardi, NH & Zaini, NA 2018, Preliminary study on the application of loofah fiber and coconut fiber in water filtration. in MFBM Tahir, R Ahmad, MNBM Saad, MFB Ghazli, MMA-B Abdullah, SZBA Rahim & LB Jamaludin (eds), Green Design and Manufacture: Advanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018., 020262, AIP Conference Proceedings, vol. 2030, American Institute of Physics Inc., 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018, IConGDM 2018, Ho Chi Minh, Viet Nam, 29/04/18. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5066903

Preliminary study on the application of loofah fiber and coconut fiber in water filtration. / Selamat, N. A.; Mardi, Nurul Hani; Zaini, N. A.

Green Design and Manufacture: Advanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018. ed. / Muhammad Faheem Bin Mohd Tahir; Romisuhani Ahmad; Mohd Nasir Bin Mat Saad; Mohd Fathullah Bin Ghazli; Mohd Mustafa Al-Bakri Abdullah; Shayfull Zamree Bin Abd. Rahim; Liyana Binti Jamaludin. American Institute of Physics Inc., 2018. 020262 (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 2030).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

TY - GEN

T1 - Preliminary study on the application of loofah fiber and coconut fiber in water filtration

AU - Selamat, N. A.

AU - Mardi, Nurul Hani

AU - Zaini, N. A.

PY - 2018/11/9

Y1 - 2018/11/9

N2 - Water treatment is the process to make the water reusable to consumers. There are several process to treat water such as chlorination, sedimentation and filtration. Water filtration is known to separate substance or object in contaminated water. Method of filtration is vary depending on the location of the targeted material whether it is dissolved in the suspended as a solid or fluid. This paper present a preliminary study to constructing a low-cost of water filter by using materials namely coarse aggregates, sand, activated carbon in additional of loofah and coconut fiber. The result was measured by analyzing the water parameter such as, Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD), Dissolve Oxygen (DO), turbidity, and colour. The result of raw water and filtered water are characterized according to the National Water Quality Standard (NWQS) for Malaysia. The final results from laboratory experiment showed a good improvement of water parameter during the application of coconut and loofah fiber in water filtration. The BOD5 result for coconut and loofah fiber model show significant improvement from class IV to class I and III.

AB - Water treatment is the process to make the water reusable to consumers. There are several process to treat water such as chlorination, sedimentation and filtration. Water filtration is known to separate substance or object in contaminated water. Method of filtration is vary depending on the location of the targeted material whether it is dissolved in the suspended as a solid or fluid. This paper present a preliminary study to constructing a low-cost of water filter by using materials namely coarse aggregates, sand, activated carbon in additional of loofah and coconut fiber. The result was measured by analyzing the water parameter such as, Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD), Dissolve Oxygen (DO), turbidity, and colour. The result of raw water and filtered water are characterized according to the National Water Quality Standard (NWQS) for Malaysia. The final results from laboratory experiment showed a good improvement of water parameter during the application of coconut and loofah fiber in water filtration. The BOD5 result for coconut and loofah fiber model show significant improvement from class IV to class I and III.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85057258328&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85057258328&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1063/1.5066903

DO - 10.1063/1.5066903

M3 - Conference contribution

T3 - AIP Conference Proceedings

BT - Green Design and Manufacture

A2 - Tahir, Muhammad Faheem Bin Mohd

A2 - Ahmad, Romisuhani

A2 - Saad, Mohd Nasir Bin Mat

A2 - Ghazli, Mohd Fathullah Bin

A2 - Abdullah, Mohd Mustafa Al-Bakri

A2 - Rahim, Shayfull Zamree Bin Abd.

A2 - Jamaludin, Liyana Binti

PB - American Institute of Physics Inc.

ER -

Selamat NA, Mardi NH, Zaini NA. Preliminary study on the application of loofah fiber and coconut fiber in water filtration. In Tahir MFBM, Ahmad R, Saad MNBM, Ghazli MFB, Abdullah MMA-B, Rahim SZBA, Jamaludin LB, editors, Green Design and Manufacture: Advanced and Emerging Applications: Proceeding of the 4th International Conference on Green Design and Manufacture 2018. American Institute of Physics Inc. 2018. 020262. (AIP Conference Proceedings). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5066903