Potential use of cameron highlands reservoir sediment in compressed bricks

He Qing Chua, Lee Woen Ean, Bashar S. Mohammed, Marlinda Abdul Malek, Leong Sing Wong, Chao Wei Tang, Zhi Kwong Lee, Alfred Fuchian Lim, Yon Yi See, Jieun Lin Ooi, Mustafa Hashim, Usoff Yong, Nor Aishah Abbas, Hanafi Yusop, Rahsidi Sabri Muda

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The objective of this research is to investigate the potential use of Cameron Highland reservoir sediment in compressed brick production. The sediments can be classified as well-graded clayey sandy SILT and well-graded gravely SAND whereby the grain size is comparable to the grain size of sand and silt. The sediment was used as a 100 % replacement for the soils content in conventional soil cement bricks. Besides that, sodium bentonite, mica, fly ash and bottom ash are used as pozzolan to partially replace the cement in the sediment cement bricks. This paper presents the compressive strength of sediment cement brick incorporating sodium bentonite, mica, bottom ash and fly ash as partial replacement of cement. The total replacement of soils by Cameron Highland reservoir sediment (Mix 2) shows significant increase in compressive strength of the bricks compare to the conventional soil cement bricks (Mix 1), while partial replacement of 10 % pozzolan results in optimum strength. On the other hand, 10 % of bottom ash and 10 % of fly ash (Mix 13) as partial replacement of cement achieved the highest compressive strength. This implies that sodium bentonite, mica, fly ash and bottom ash can be used as pozzolan to partial replace the cement.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvanced Materials Engineering and Technology II
Pages487-491
Number of pages5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Jan 2014
Event2013 International Conference on Advanced Materials Engineering and Technology, ICAMET 2013 - Bandung, Indonesia
Duration: 28 Nov 201329 Nov 2013

Publication series

NameKey Engineering Materials
Volume594-595
ISSN (Print)1013-9826

Other

Other2013 International Conference on Advanced Materials Engineering and Technology, ICAMET 2013
CountryIndonesia
CityBandung
Period28/11/1329/11/13

Fingerprint

Coal Ash
Ashes
Brick
Cements
Sediments
Pozzolan
Fly ash
Bentonite
Mica
Soil cement
Compressive strength
Sodium
Soils
Silt
Sand

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Chua, H. Q., Ean, L. W., Mohammed, B. S., Abdul Malek, M., Wong, L. S., Tang, C. W., ... Muda, R. S. (2014). Potential use of cameron highlands reservoir sediment in compressed bricks. In Advanced Materials Engineering and Technology II (pp. 487-491). (Key Engineering Materials; Vol. 594-595). https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.594-595.487
Chua, He Qing ; Ean, Lee Woen ; Mohammed, Bashar S. ; Abdul Malek, Marlinda ; Wong, Leong Sing ; Tang, Chao Wei ; Lee, Zhi Kwong ; Lim, Alfred Fuchian ; See, Yon Yi ; Ooi, Jieun Lin ; Hashim, Mustafa ; Yong, Usoff ; Abbas, Nor Aishah ; Yusop, Hanafi ; Muda, Rahsidi Sabri. / Potential use of cameron highlands reservoir sediment in compressed bricks. Advanced Materials Engineering and Technology II. 2014. pp. 487-491 (Key Engineering Materials).
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abstract = "The objective of this research is to investigate the potential use of Cameron Highland reservoir sediment in compressed brick production. The sediments can be classified as well-graded clayey sandy SILT and well-graded gravely SAND whereby the grain size is comparable to the grain size of sand and silt. The sediment was used as a 100 {\%} replacement for the soils content in conventional soil cement bricks. Besides that, sodium bentonite, mica, fly ash and bottom ash are used as pozzolan to partially replace the cement in the sediment cement bricks. This paper presents the compressive strength of sediment cement brick incorporating sodium bentonite, mica, bottom ash and fly ash as partial replacement of cement. The total replacement of soils by Cameron Highland reservoir sediment (Mix 2) shows significant increase in compressive strength of the bricks compare to the conventional soil cement bricks (Mix 1), while partial replacement of 10 {\%} pozzolan results in optimum strength. On the other hand, 10 {\%} of bottom ash and 10 {\%} of fly ash (Mix 13) as partial replacement of cement achieved the highest compressive strength. This implies that sodium bentonite, mica, fly ash and bottom ash can be used as pozzolan to partial replace the cement.",
author = "Chua, {He Qing} and Ean, {Lee Woen} and Mohammed, {Bashar S.} and {Abdul Malek}, Marlinda and Wong, {Leong Sing} and Tang, {Chao Wei} and Lee, {Zhi Kwong} and Lim, {Alfred Fuchian} and See, {Yon Yi} and Ooi, {Jieun Lin} and Mustafa Hashim and Usoff Yong and Abbas, {Nor Aishah} and Hanafi Yusop and Muda, {Rahsidi Sabri}",
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Chua, HQ, Ean, LW, Mohammed, BS, Abdul Malek, M, Wong, LS, Tang, CW, Lee, ZK, Lim, AF, See, YY, Ooi, JL, Hashim, M, Yong, U, Abbas, NA, Yusop, H & Muda, RS 2014, Potential use of cameron highlands reservoir sediment in compressed bricks. in Advanced Materials Engineering and Technology II. Key Engineering Materials, vol. 594-595, pp. 487-491, 2013 International Conference on Advanced Materials Engineering and Technology, ICAMET 2013, Bandung, Indonesia, 28/11/13. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.594-595.487

Potential use of cameron highlands reservoir sediment in compressed bricks. / Chua, He Qing; Ean, Lee Woen; Mohammed, Bashar S.; Abdul Malek, Marlinda; Wong, Leong Sing; Tang, Chao Wei; Lee, Zhi Kwong; Lim, Alfred Fuchian; See, Yon Yi; Ooi, Jieun Lin; Hashim, Mustafa; Yong, Usoff; Abbas, Nor Aishah; Yusop, Hanafi; Muda, Rahsidi Sabri.

Advanced Materials Engineering and Technology II. 2014. p. 487-491 (Key Engineering Materials; Vol. 594-595).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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AU - Tang, Chao Wei

AU - Lee, Zhi Kwong

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AU - Hashim, Mustafa

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AU - Abbas, Nor Aishah

AU - Yusop, Hanafi

AU - Muda, Rahsidi Sabri

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AB - The objective of this research is to investigate the potential use of Cameron Highland reservoir sediment in compressed brick production. The sediments can be classified as well-graded clayey sandy SILT and well-graded gravely SAND whereby the grain size is comparable to the grain size of sand and silt. The sediment was used as a 100 % replacement for the soils content in conventional soil cement bricks. Besides that, sodium bentonite, mica, fly ash and bottom ash are used as pozzolan to partially replace the cement in the sediment cement bricks. This paper presents the compressive strength of sediment cement brick incorporating sodium bentonite, mica, bottom ash and fly ash as partial replacement of cement. The total replacement of soils by Cameron Highland reservoir sediment (Mix 2) shows significant increase in compressive strength of the bricks compare to the conventional soil cement bricks (Mix 1), while partial replacement of 10 % pozzolan results in optimum strength. On the other hand, 10 % of bottom ash and 10 % of fly ash (Mix 13) as partial replacement of cement achieved the highest compressive strength. This implies that sodium bentonite, mica, fly ash and bottom ash can be used as pozzolan to partial replace the cement.

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Chua HQ, Ean LW, Mohammed BS, Abdul Malek M, Wong LS, Tang CW et al. Potential use of cameron highlands reservoir sediment in compressed bricks. In Advanced Materials Engineering and Technology II. 2014. p. 487-491. (Key Engineering Materials). https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.594-595.487