Potential of rice industry biomass as a renewable energy source

M. Mofijur, T. M.I. Mahlia, J. Logeswaran, M. Anwar, A. S. Silitonga, S. M.Ashrafur Rahman, A. H. Shamsuddin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Fossil fuel depletion, along with its ever-increasing price and detrimental impact on the environment, has urged researchers to look for alternative renewable energy. Of all the options available, biomass presents a very reliable source due to its never-ending supply. As research on various biomasses has grown in recent years, waste from these biomasses has also increased, and it is now time to shift the focus to utilizing these wastes for energy. The current waste management system mainly focuses on open burning and soil incorporation as it is cost-effective; however, these affect the environment. There must be an alternative way, such as to use it for power generation. Rice straw and rice husk are examples of such potential biomass waste. Rice is the main food source for the world, mostly in Asian regions, as most people consume rice daily. This paper reviews factors that impact the implementation of rice-straw-based power plants. Ash content and moisture content are important properties that govern combustion, and these vary with location. Logistical improvements are required to reduce the transport cost of rice husk and rice straw, which is higher than the transportation cost of coal.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4116
JournalEnergies
Volume12
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Oct 2019

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Control and Optimization
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Mofijur, M., Mahlia, T. M. I., Logeswaran, J., Anwar, M., Silitonga, A. S., Rahman, S. M. A., & Shamsuddin, A. H. (2019). Potential of rice industry biomass as a renewable energy source. Energies, 12(21), [4116]. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12214116