Phase formation and microstructure of gamma irradiated Bi-2223 Superconductor

Zaahidah Atiqah Mohiju, Natasha Alieya Adnan, Nasri A. Hamid, Yusof Abdullah

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1 Citation (Scopus)


The Bi-2223 superconductor has been synthesized using the conventional solid state reaction method. The effect of gamma irradiation on phase formation and microstructure of high-temperature Bi-2223 superconductor ceramic was investigated. The bulk samples sample were palletized with 7 tons pressure of hydraulic press machine and sintered at 840°C for 48 hours. The gamma irradiation was performed at the Nuclear Malaysian Agency with dose of 50 kGray at room temperature. Structure characterization using X-ray diffraction (XRD) showed that the patterns for all the samples demonstrate well-defined peaks all of which could be indexed on the basis of a Bi-2223 phase structure. However, for irradiated sample, it showed reduction in the peak intensity indicating a decrease in the content of the Bi-2223 superconducting phase. The effect of gamma (γ) irradiation on surface morphology and its composites has also been investigated by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and the micrograph shows that the grains are distributed randomly with poorly connected inter and intra-grain microstructure. This shows that the morphology of the Bi-2223 superconductor is very sensitive to gamma irradiation. The effect on the phase formation and microstructure of non-irradiated and gamma irradiated of Bi-2223 superconductor is compared and evaluated.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012021
JournalIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 12 Feb 2018
EventInternational Nuclear Science, Technology and Engineering Conference 2017, iNuSTEC 2017 - Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia
Duration: 25 Sep 201727 Sep 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)

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