Performance of nickel-based oxygen carrier produced using renewable fuel aloe vera

N. F. Afandi, D. Devaraj, A. Manap, N. Ibrahim

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article


Consuming and burning of fuel mainly fossil fuel has gradually increased in this upcoming era due to high-energy demand and causes the global warming. One of the most effective ways to reduce the greenhouse gases is by capturing carbon dioxide (CO2) during the combustion process. Chemical looping combustion (CLC) is one of the most effective methods to capture the CO2 without the need of an energy intensive air separation unit. This method uses oxygen carrier to provide O2 that can react with fuel to form CO2 and H2O. This research focuses on synthesizing NiO/NiAl2O4 as an oxygen carrier due to its properties that can withstand high temperature during CLC application. The NiO/NiAl2O4 powder was synthesized using solution combustion method with plant extract renewable fuel, aloe vera as the fuel. In order to optimize the performance of the particles that can be used in CLC application, various calcination temperatures were varied at 600°C, 800°C, 1050°C and 1300°C. The phase and morphology of obtained powders were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Field Emission Microscopy (FESEM) respectively together with the powder elements. In CLC application, high reactivity can be achieved by using smaller particle size of oxygen carrier. This research succeeded in producing nano-structured powder with high crystalline structure at temperature 1050°C which is suitable to be used in CLC application.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012074
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 11 Apr 2017
Event15th Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics, ACFM 2016 - Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia
Duration: 21 Nov 201623 Nov 2016


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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