Performance Analysis of Flame Retardant 4 Copper Plate Antenna for Lightning Remote Sensing

D. Periannan, S. A. Mohamad, M. R. Ahmad, M. R.M. Esa, M. H.M. Sabri, B. Y. Seah, G. Lu, N. Yusop, M. M. Ismail, Z. Abdul-Malek, V. Cooray, Ammar Ahmed Nasser Al-Kahtani, M. Z.A.A.B. Kadir

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

Lightning remote sensing has been used widely to measure the electromagnetic (EM) fields in various frequencies bands. Circular metal plate capacitive antenna made of iron or aluminium have been used widely for the front-end design of the remote sensing system. The circular metal plates are arranged in parallel and separated by insulators made of Teflon. However, three common problems encountered with the existing setting. First, both metals rust easily and could affect the reading of the EM fields. Second, the insulation Teflon separating the metal plates could become weak conductor during heavy rain and thus distort the EM fields reading. Third, the use of Teflon in between the parallel plates changes the overall permittivity value. In this paper, we propose a cheaper and lighter alternative to iron and aluminium plates by changing to FR4 copper plate. Rectangular FR4 copper plate capacitive antennas with 2 sizes, A4 and A3 have been designed and constructed. The rectangular A3 FR4 copper plate has been found to have similar impedance and capacitance values to the iron-based circular metal plate. Analysis of wave shape and peak amplitude ratio showed similar performance between both antennas. Therefore, we conclude that rectangular A3 FR4 copper plate antenna can be used as replacement for the existing iron- or aluminium-based circular metal plates antenna.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012006
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Volume228
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2019
Event3rd International Conference on Science and Technology Applications in Climate Change, STACLIM 2018 - Ayer Keroh. Malacca, Malaysia
Duration: 13 Nov 201815 Nov 2018

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lightning
antenna
copper
remote sensing
metal
electromagnetic field
iron
aluminum
permittivity
rust disease
insulation
flame retardant
analysis
replacement

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

Periannan, D., Mohamad, S. A., Ahmad, M. R., Esa, M. R. M., Sabri, M. H. M., Seah, B. Y., ... Kadir, M. Z. A. A. B. (2019). Performance Analysis of Flame Retardant 4 Copper Plate Antenna for Lightning Remote Sensing. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 228(1), [012006]. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/228/1/012006
Periannan, D. ; Mohamad, S. A. ; Ahmad, M. R. ; Esa, M. R.M. ; Sabri, M. H.M. ; Seah, B. Y. ; Lu, G. ; Yusop, N. ; Ismail, M. M. ; Abdul-Malek, Z. ; Cooray, V. ; Nasser Al-Kahtani, Ammar Ahmed ; Kadir, M. Z.A.A.B. / Performance Analysis of Flame Retardant 4 Copper Plate Antenna for Lightning Remote Sensing. In: IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. 2019 ; Vol. 228, No. 1.
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abstract = "Lightning remote sensing has been used widely to measure the electromagnetic (EM) fields in various frequencies bands. Circular metal plate capacitive antenna made of iron or aluminium have been used widely for the front-end design of the remote sensing system. The circular metal plates are arranged in parallel and separated by insulators made of Teflon. However, three common problems encountered with the existing setting. First, both metals rust easily and could affect the reading of the EM fields. Second, the insulation Teflon separating the metal plates could become weak conductor during heavy rain and thus distort the EM fields reading. Third, the use of Teflon in between the parallel plates changes the overall permittivity value. In this paper, we propose a cheaper and lighter alternative to iron and aluminium plates by changing to FR4 copper plate. Rectangular FR4 copper plate capacitive antennas with 2 sizes, A4 and A3 have been designed and constructed. The rectangular A3 FR4 copper plate has been found to have similar impedance and capacitance values to the iron-based circular metal plate. Analysis of wave shape and peak amplitude ratio showed similar performance between both antennas. Therefore, we conclude that rectangular A3 FR4 copper plate antenna can be used as replacement for the existing iron- or aluminium-based circular metal plates antenna.",
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Periannan, D, Mohamad, SA, Ahmad, MR, Esa, MRM, Sabri, MHM, Seah, BY, Lu, G, Yusop, N, Ismail, MM, Abdul-Malek, Z, Cooray, V, Nasser Al-Kahtani, AA & Kadir, MZAAB 2019, 'Performance Analysis of Flame Retardant 4 Copper Plate Antenna for Lightning Remote Sensing', IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, vol. 228, no. 1, 012006. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/228/1/012006

Performance Analysis of Flame Retardant 4 Copper Plate Antenna for Lightning Remote Sensing. / Periannan, D.; Mohamad, S. A.; Ahmad, M. R.; Esa, M. R.M.; Sabri, M. H.M.; Seah, B. Y.; Lu, G.; Yusop, N.; Ismail, M. M.; Abdul-Malek, Z.; Cooray, V.; Nasser Al-Kahtani, Ammar Ahmed; Kadir, M. Z.A.A.B.

In: IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Vol. 228, No. 1, 012006, 15.02.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Performance Analysis of Flame Retardant 4 Copper Plate Antenna for Lightning Remote Sensing

AU - Periannan, D.

AU - Mohamad, S. A.

AU - Ahmad, M. R.

AU - Esa, M. R.M.

AU - Sabri, M. H.M.

AU - Seah, B. Y.

AU - Lu, G.

AU - Yusop, N.

AU - Ismail, M. M.

AU - Abdul-Malek, Z.

AU - Cooray, V.

AU - Nasser Al-Kahtani, Ammar Ahmed

AU - Kadir, M. Z.A.A.B.

PY - 2019/2/15

Y1 - 2019/2/15

N2 - Lightning remote sensing has been used widely to measure the electromagnetic (EM) fields in various frequencies bands. Circular metal plate capacitive antenna made of iron or aluminium have been used widely for the front-end design of the remote sensing system. The circular metal plates are arranged in parallel and separated by insulators made of Teflon. However, three common problems encountered with the existing setting. First, both metals rust easily and could affect the reading of the EM fields. Second, the insulation Teflon separating the metal plates could become weak conductor during heavy rain and thus distort the EM fields reading. Third, the use of Teflon in between the parallel plates changes the overall permittivity value. In this paper, we propose a cheaper and lighter alternative to iron and aluminium plates by changing to FR4 copper plate. Rectangular FR4 copper plate capacitive antennas with 2 sizes, A4 and A3 have been designed and constructed. The rectangular A3 FR4 copper plate has been found to have similar impedance and capacitance values to the iron-based circular metal plate. Analysis of wave shape and peak amplitude ratio showed similar performance between both antennas. Therefore, we conclude that rectangular A3 FR4 copper plate antenna can be used as replacement for the existing iron- or aluminium-based circular metal plates antenna.

AB - Lightning remote sensing has been used widely to measure the electromagnetic (EM) fields in various frequencies bands. Circular metal plate capacitive antenna made of iron or aluminium have been used widely for the front-end design of the remote sensing system. The circular metal plates are arranged in parallel and separated by insulators made of Teflon. However, three common problems encountered with the existing setting. First, both metals rust easily and could affect the reading of the EM fields. Second, the insulation Teflon separating the metal plates could become weak conductor during heavy rain and thus distort the EM fields reading. Third, the use of Teflon in between the parallel plates changes the overall permittivity value. In this paper, we propose a cheaper and lighter alternative to iron and aluminium plates by changing to FR4 copper plate. Rectangular FR4 copper plate capacitive antennas with 2 sizes, A4 and A3 have been designed and constructed. The rectangular A3 FR4 copper plate has been found to have similar impedance and capacitance values to the iron-based circular metal plate. Analysis of wave shape and peak amplitude ratio showed similar performance between both antennas. Therefore, we conclude that rectangular A3 FR4 copper plate antenna can be used as replacement for the existing iron- or aluminium-based circular metal plates antenna.

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DO - 10.1088/1755-1315/228/1/012006

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SN - 1755-1307

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