Optimization of anode usage in electroplating process by using response surface methodology

Shahida Begum, Faris Tarlochan, Kirubaharan Sambasivam

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Electroplating is a process of depositing a layer of metal onto another base metal using the electrodeposition technique, where an acid is used as a medium of transferring the desired metal onto the base metal. During electroplating some amount of anodes are wasted and burnt and ended up not being used on the end product. A series of experiments with various input parameters were carried out in order to identify the best possible setting which would result in minimum anode usage. The experiments were designed using two level full factorial design. It was observed from factorial analysis that all the input variables like the porosity of anodes in anode basket, concentration of electrolyte and applied voltage have pronounced effect on the anode usage; however, the most significant influence was from porosity. The usage of the anodes was much less as the porosity due to the arrangement of anode in anode basket decreased. The interactive affects of the input variables such as the porosity and the voltage, and the porosity and the concentration were also prominent. The optimum operating conditions were identified by response optimizer plot and were verified experimentally. Both the analytical and experimental results indicated that anode usage could be reduced by 6.12% from that of the current practice. Hence it can be concluded that the operating variables in electroplating industry have significant effect on anode usage.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Manufacturing and Materials Engineering
Pages129-132
Number of pages4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Nov 2012
EventInternational Conference on Advances in Manufacturing and Materials Engineering, ICAMME 2012 - Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Duration: 03 Jul 201205 Jul 2012

Publication series

NameAdvanced Materials Research
Volume576
ISSN (Print)1022-6680

Other

OtherInternational Conference on Advances in Manufacturing and Materials Engineering, ICAMME 2012
CountryMalaysia
CityKuala Lumpur
Period03/07/1205/07/12

Fingerprint

Electroplating
Anodes
Porosity
Metals
Electric potential
Electrodeposition
Experiments
Electrolytes
Acids

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Begum, S., Tarlochan, F., & Sambasivam, K. (2012). Optimization of anode usage in electroplating process by using response surface methodology. In Advances in Manufacturing and Materials Engineering (pp. 129-132). (Advanced Materials Research; Vol. 576). https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.576.129
Begum, Shahida ; Tarlochan, Faris ; Sambasivam, Kirubaharan. / Optimization of anode usage in electroplating process by using response surface methodology. Advances in Manufacturing and Materials Engineering. 2012. pp. 129-132 (Advanced Materials Research).
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Begum, S, Tarlochan, F & Sambasivam, K 2012, Optimization of anode usage in electroplating process by using response surface methodology. in Advances in Manufacturing and Materials Engineering. Advanced Materials Research, vol. 576, pp. 129-132, International Conference on Advances in Manufacturing and Materials Engineering, ICAMME 2012, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 03/07/12. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.576.129

Optimization of anode usage in electroplating process by using response surface methodology. / Begum, Shahida; Tarlochan, Faris; Sambasivam, Kirubaharan.

Advances in Manufacturing and Materials Engineering. 2012. p. 129-132 (Advanced Materials Research; Vol. 576).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Begum S, Tarlochan F, Sambasivam K. Optimization of anode usage in electroplating process by using response surface methodology. In Advances in Manufacturing and Materials Engineering. 2012. p. 129-132. (Advanced Materials Research). https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.576.129