Optimization and kinetic study of non-catalytic transesterification of palm oil under subcritical condition using microwave technology

Mei Yin Ong, Kit Wayne Chew, Pau Loke Show, Saifuddin M. Nomanbhay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The main transesterification used in industries involves the reaction with basic catalysts that caused unwanted soap formation, and time-consuming as post-treatment is needed. This creates the need for the utilization of a non-catalytic transesterification reaction under subcritical condition for the transformation of palm oil into biodiesel. This study evaluates the potential of using microwave technology to implement the non-catalytic transesterification for the efficient production of biodiesel. Response surface methodology (RSM) was implemented to maximise the non-catalytic biodiesel yield based on three variables: Dimethyl carbonate (DMC) to oil molar ratio, reaction temperature and reaction time. A maximum biodiesel yield of 86% was obtained with DMC to oil molar ratio of 9.5:1 at 167 °C after 2.5 hr of reaction. Also, its activation energy and pre-exponential factor were 44.88 kJ/mol and 7.88 × 103 min−1, respectively. Biodiesel quality that satisfies the EN14214 biodiesel standard was successfully produced under subcritical condition in the absence of catalysts via this microwave processing technology. This new processing method will enhance the biodiesel production and feasibility in terms of simplicity and less production step. Besides, it needs lower power consumption compared to non-catalytic supercritical method, which brings slight enhancement in cost reduction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1126-1137
Number of pages12
JournalEnergy Conversion and Management
Volume196
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sep 2019

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Palm oil
Transesterification
Biodiesel
Microwaves
Kinetics
Carbonates
Catalysts
Soaps (detergents)
Processing
Cost reduction
Electric power utilization
Activation energy
Industry

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

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title = "Optimization and kinetic study of non-catalytic transesterification of palm oil under subcritical condition using microwave technology",
abstract = "The main transesterification used in industries involves the reaction with basic catalysts that caused unwanted soap formation, and time-consuming as post-treatment is needed. This creates the need for the utilization of a non-catalytic transesterification reaction under subcritical condition for the transformation of palm oil into biodiesel. This study evaluates the potential of using microwave technology to implement the non-catalytic transesterification for the efficient production of biodiesel. Response surface methodology (RSM) was implemented to maximise the non-catalytic biodiesel yield based on three variables: Dimethyl carbonate (DMC) to oil molar ratio, reaction temperature and reaction time. A maximum biodiesel yield of 86{\%} was obtained with DMC to oil molar ratio of 9.5:1 at 167 °C after 2.5 hr of reaction. Also, its activation energy and pre-exponential factor were 44.88 kJ/mol and 7.88 × 103 min−1, respectively. Biodiesel quality that satisfies the EN14214 biodiesel standard was successfully produced under subcritical condition in the absence of catalysts via this microwave processing technology. This new processing method will enhance the biodiesel production and feasibility in terms of simplicity and less production step. Besides, it needs lower power consumption compared to non-catalytic supercritical method, which brings slight enhancement in cost reduction.",
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Optimization and kinetic study of non-catalytic transesterification of palm oil under subcritical condition using microwave technology. / Ong, Mei Yin; Chew, Kit Wayne; Show, Pau Loke; M. Nomanbhay, Saifuddin.

In: Energy Conversion and Management, Vol. 196, 15.09.2019, p. 1126-1137.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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