Oil palm EFB supported solid acid catalyst for esterification reaction: Optimization and parametric effects study

Shamala Gowri Krishnan, Fei Ling Pua, Kumaran Palanisamy, Sharifah Nabihah Syed Jaafar

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

An acid esterification of free fatty acid (FFA) from high acid content palm oil and methanol has been investigated. This study describes an optimization study on the esterification reaction using Oil Palm EFB supported solid acid catalyst. A statistical experimental design of L9 orthogonal array using Taguchi method was implemented to optimize the esterification reaction conditions to maximize FFA conversion. Three main reaction conditions include methanol to oil molar ratio, reaction duration (min) and percentage of catalyst loading were investigated. Based on the results, the optimum conditions were obtained as follows: molar ratio of methanol to oil of 30:1, reaction duration of 120 min, catalyst loading of 5 wt%, constant temperature of 60 °C. At these reaction conditions, the highest FFA conversion was achieved with 87.20%. Notably, methanol to oil molar ratio has the most significant effect on the FFA conversion followed by reaction duration. Catalyst loading has minimal effect on FFA conversion throughout the reaction. Thus this study showed that methanol to oil molar ratio has the strongest influence in FFA conversion.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Automotive Innovation Green Energy Vehicle, AiGEV 2018
EditorsWan Azmi Wan Hamzah, Saiful Anwar Che Ghani, Mohd. Shahrir Mohd Sani, Abdul Adam Abdullah
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735417878
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Jan 2019
Event3rd International Conference on Automotive Innovation Green Energy Vehicle, AiGEV 2018 - Kuantan, Malaysia
Duration: 25 Jul 201826 Jul 2018

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2059
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Other

Other3rd International Conference on Automotive Innovation Green Energy Vehicle, AiGEV 2018
CountryMalaysia
CityKuantan
Period25/07/1826/07/18

Fingerprint

Elaeis guineensis
esterification
catalysts
free fatty acids
fatty acids
fatty acid
oils
catalyst
methanol
acids
optimization
oil
acid
methyl alcohol
duration
palm oils
Taguchi methods
experimental design
effect
temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology
  • Plant Science
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation

Cite this

Krishnan, S. G., Pua, F. L., Palanisamy, K., & Jaafar, S. N. S. (2019). Oil palm EFB supported solid acid catalyst for esterification reaction: Optimization and parametric effects study. In W. A. W. Hamzah, S. A. C. Ghani, M. S. M. Sani, & A. A. Abdullah (Eds.), Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Automotive Innovation Green Energy Vehicle, AiGEV 2018 [020047] (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 2059). American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5085990
Krishnan, Shamala Gowri ; Pua, Fei Ling ; Palanisamy, Kumaran ; Jaafar, Sharifah Nabihah Syed. / Oil palm EFB supported solid acid catalyst for esterification reaction : Optimization and parametric effects study. Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Automotive Innovation Green Energy Vehicle, AiGEV 2018. editor / Wan Azmi Wan Hamzah ; Saiful Anwar Che Ghani ; Mohd. Shahrir Mohd Sani ; Abdul Adam Abdullah. American Institute of Physics Inc., 2019. (AIP Conference Proceedings).
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abstract = "An acid esterification of free fatty acid (FFA) from high acid content palm oil and methanol has been investigated. This study describes an optimization study on the esterification reaction using Oil Palm EFB supported solid acid catalyst. A statistical experimental design of L9 orthogonal array using Taguchi method was implemented to optimize the esterification reaction conditions to maximize FFA conversion. Three main reaction conditions include methanol to oil molar ratio, reaction duration (min) and percentage of catalyst loading were investigated. Based on the results, the optimum conditions were obtained as follows: molar ratio of methanol to oil of 30:1, reaction duration of 120 min, catalyst loading of 5 wt{\%}, constant temperature of 60 °C. At these reaction conditions, the highest FFA conversion was achieved with 87.20{\%}. Notably, methanol to oil molar ratio has the most significant effect on the FFA conversion followed by reaction duration. Catalyst loading has minimal effect on FFA conversion throughout the reaction. Thus this study showed that methanol to oil molar ratio has the strongest influence in FFA conversion.",
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Krishnan, SG, Pua, FL, Palanisamy, K & Jaafar, SNS 2019, Oil palm EFB supported solid acid catalyst for esterification reaction: Optimization and parametric effects study. in WAW Hamzah, SAC Ghani, MSM Sani & AA Abdullah (eds), Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Automotive Innovation Green Energy Vehicle, AiGEV 2018., 020047, AIP Conference Proceedings, vol. 2059, American Institute of Physics Inc., 3rd International Conference on Automotive Innovation Green Energy Vehicle, AiGEV 2018, Kuantan, Malaysia, 25/07/18. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5085990

Oil palm EFB supported solid acid catalyst for esterification reaction : Optimization and parametric effects study. / Krishnan, Shamala Gowri; Pua, Fei Ling; Palanisamy, Kumaran; Jaafar, Sharifah Nabihah Syed.

Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Automotive Innovation Green Energy Vehicle, AiGEV 2018. ed. / Wan Azmi Wan Hamzah; Saiful Anwar Che Ghani; Mohd. Shahrir Mohd Sani; Abdul Adam Abdullah. American Institute of Physics Inc., 2019. 020047 (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 2059).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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AU - Jaafar, Sharifah Nabihah Syed

PY - 2019/1/11

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N2 - An acid esterification of free fatty acid (FFA) from high acid content palm oil and methanol has been investigated. This study describes an optimization study on the esterification reaction using Oil Palm EFB supported solid acid catalyst. A statistical experimental design of L9 orthogonal array using Taguchi method was implemented to optimize the esterification reaction conditions to maximize FFA conversion. Three main reaction conditions include methanol to oil molar ratio, reaction duration (min) and percentage of catalyst loading were investigated. Based on the results, the optimum conditions were obtained as follows: molar ratio of methanol to oil of 30:1, reaction duration of 120 min, catalyst loading of 5 wt%, constant temperature of 60 °C. At these reaction conditions, the highest FFA conversion was achieved with 87.20%. Notably, methanol to oil molar ratio has the most significant effect on the FFA conversion followed by reaction duration. Catalyst loading has minimal effect on FFA conversion throughout the reaction. Thus this study showed that methanol to oil molar ratio has the strongest influence in FFA conversion.

AB - An acid esterification of free fatty acid (FFA) from high acid content palm oil and methanol has been investigated. This study describes an optimization study on the esterification reaction using Oil Palm EFB supported solid acid catalyst. A statistical experimental design of L9 orthogonal array using Taguchi method was implemented to optimize the esterification reaction conditions to maximize FFA conversion. Three main reaction conditions include methanol to oil molar ratio, reaction duration (min) and percentage of catalyst loading were investigated. Based on the results, the optimum conditions were obtained as follows: molar ratio of methanol to oil of 30:1, reaction duration of 120 min, catalyst loading of 5 wt%, constant temperature of 60 °C. At these reaction conditions, the highest FFA conversion was achieved with 87.20%. Notably, methanol to oil molar ratio has the most significant effect on the FFA conversion followed by reaction duration. Catalyst loading has minimal effect on FFA conversion throughout the reaction. Thus this study showed that methanol to oil molar ratio has the strongest influence in FFA conversion.

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PB - American Institute of Physics Inc.

ER -

Krishnan SG, Pua FL, Palanisamy K, Jaafar SNS. Oil palm EFB supported solid acid catalyst for esterification reaction: Optimization and parametric effects study. In Hamzah WAW, Ghani SAC, Sani MSM, Abdullah AA, editors, Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Automotive Innovation Green Energy Vehicle, AiGEV 2018. American Institute of Physics Inc. 2019. 020047. (AIP Conference Proceedings). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5085990