Numerical study of heat transfer and chemical kinetics of solar thermochemical reactor for hydrogen production

Achmad Rofi Irsyad, Byunggi Kim, Doan Hong Duc, Saiful Hasmady Abu Hassan, Kazuyoshi Fushinobu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

A solar thermochemical reactor is a device utilizing concentrated solar energy to conduct hydrogen gas production by two-step water-splitting by dissociation of a reactive material, such as zinc oxide (ZnO). Reactor design, heat transfer, and reaction kinetics contribute a significant portion to the achievement of high solar-to-fuel conversion efficiency. In this work, an investigation of an indirect-cavity type reactor design performance has been conducted by numerical simulation method by coupling the computational model of fluid flow, energy equation, discrete ordinate radiation, and species transport. The reactor consisted of a windowed cavity reactor with an array of five tubes containing the flow of the reactive material. Dissociation of ZnO in a steady state condition of the reactor has been assessed under 1,500 sun heat flux from quartz window. A parametric study has been performed for a variation of the particle's mass flow rate, solar flux peak in, and reactor configuration. The cavity of the reactor was insulated by a ceramic and reflective material to reduce the conduction and radiation losses. Inert gas of Ar was injected into the tube as product carrier. Energy balance analysis and reactor efficiency calculation have been performed to analyze the reactor performance. The results showed that the thermal re-radiation through the window and thermal conduction through the cavity wall dominated the heat losses around 84 % in total. The best operating condition in this study was at a mass flow rate 0.05 g/s, peak-heat-in 2,000 kW/m2, and tubes configuration of the staggered-front dominant. Some recommendations to improve the research include changing the chemical reactant with other metal-oxide which has a lower reactivity, increasing the tubes number to absorb the solar irradiation, combining the metal-oxide decomposition with other processes which require less heat, and applying the special material in window side which can filter the high wavelength from going outside the reactor to decrease the re-radiation losses.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Conference on Thermal Science and Technology, ICTST 2017
EditorsYuli Setyo Indartono, Adrian R. Irhamna, Pandji Prawisudha, Poetro L. Sambegoro
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735417007
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jul 2018
EventInternational Conference on Thermal Science and Technology, ICTST 2017 - Bali, Indonesia
Duration: 17 Nov 201719 Nov 2017

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume1984
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Other

OtherInternational Conference on Thermal Science and Technology, ICTST 2017
CountryIndonesia
CityBali
Period17/11/1719/11/17

Fingerprint

hydrogen production
reaction kinetics
heat transfer
reactors
kinetics
tubes
reactor design
cavities
mass flow rate
radiation
heat
zinc oxides
metal oxides
dissociation
conduction
solar flux
water splitting
particle mass
solar energy
configurations

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Irsyad, A. R., Kim, B., Duc, D. H., Abu Hassan, S. H., & Fushinobu, K. (2018). Numerical study of heat transfer and chemical kinetics of solar thermochemical reactor for hydrogen production. In Y. S. Indartono, A. R. Irhamna, P. Prawisudha, & P. L. Sambegoro (Eds.), International Conference on Thermal Science and Technology, ICTST 2017 [020002] (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 1984). American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5046586
Irsyad, Achmad Rofi ; Kim, Byunggi ; Duc, Doan Hong ; Abu Hassan, Saiful Hasmady ; Fushinobu, Kazuyoshi. / Numerical study of heat transfer and chemical kinetics of solar thermochemical reactor for hydrogen production. International Conference on Thermal Science and Technology, ICTST 2017. editor / Yuli Setyo Indartono ; Adrian R. Irhamna ; Pandji Prawisudha ; Poetro L. Sambegoro. American Institute of Physics Inc., 2018. (AIP Conference Proceedings).
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abstract = "A solar thermochemical reactor is a device utilizing concentrated solar energy to conduct hydrogen gas production by two-step water-splitting by dissociation of a reactive material, such as zinc oxide (ZnO). Reactor design, heat transfer, and reaction kinetics contribute a significant portion to the achievement of high solar-to-fuel conversion efficiency. In this work, an investigation of an indirect-cavity type reactor design performance has been conducted by numerical simulation method by coupling the computational model of fluid flow, energy equation, discrete ordinate radiation, and species transport. The reactor consisted of a windowed cavity reactor with an array of five tubes containing the flow of the reactive material. Dissociation of ZnO in a steady state condition of the reactor has been assessed under 1,500 sun heat flux from quartz window. A parametric study has been performed for a variation of the particle's mass flow rate, solar flux peak in, and reactor configuration. The cavity of the reactor was insulated by a ceramic and reflective material to reduce the conduction and radiation losses. Inert gas of Ar was injected into the tube as product carrier. Energy balance analysis and reactor efficiency calculation have been performed to analyze the reactor performance. The results showed that the thermal re-radiation through the window and thermal conduction through the cavity wall dominated the heat losses around 84 {\%} in total. The best operating condition in this study was at a mass flow rate 0.05 g/s, peak-heat-in 2,000 kW/m2, and tubes configuration of the staggered-front dominant. Some recommendations to improve the research include changing the chemical reactant with other metal-oxide which has a lower reactivity, increasing the tubes number to absorb the solar irradiation, combining the metal-oxide decomposition with other processes which require less heat, and applying the special material in window side which can filter the high wavelength from going outside the reactor to decrease the re-radiation losses.",
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Irsyad, AR, Kim, B, Duc, DH, Abu Hassan, SH & Fushinobu, K 2018, Numerical study of heat transfer and chemical kinetics of solar thermochemical reactor for hydrogen production. in YS Indartono, AR Irhamna, P Prawisudha & PL Sambegoro (eds), International Conference on Thermal Science and Technology, ICTST 2017., 020002, AIP Conference Proceedings, vol. 1984, American Institute of Physics Inc., International Conference on Thermal Science and Technology, ICTST 2017, Bali, Indonesia, 17/11/17. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5046586

Numerical study of heat transfer and chemical kinetics of solar thermochemical reactor for hydrogen production. / Irsyad, Achmad Rofi; Kim, Byunggi; Duc, Doan Hong; Abu Hassan, Saiful Hasmady; Fushinobu, Kazuyoshi.

International Conference on Thermal Science and Technology, ICTST 2017. ed. / Yuli Setyo Indartono; Adrian R. Irhamna; Pandji Prawisudha; Poetro L. Sambegoro. American Institute of Physics Inc., 2018. 020002 (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 1984).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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AU - Irsyad, Achmad Rofi

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AU - Duc, Doan Hong

AU - Abu Hassan, Saiful Hasmady

AU - Fushinobu, Kazuyoshi

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N2 - A solar thermochemical reactor is a device utilizing concentrated solar energy to conduct hydrogen gas production by two-step water-splitting by dissociation of a reactive material, such as zinc oxide (ZnO). Reactor design, heat transfer, and reaction kinetics contribute a significant portion to the achievement of high solar-to-fuel conversion efficiency. In this work, an investigation of an indirect-cavity type reactor design performance has been conducted by numerical simulation method by coupling the computational model of fluid flow, energy equation, discrete ordinate radiation, and species transport. The reactor consisted of a windowed cavity reactor with an array of five tubes containing the flow of the reactive material. Dissociation of ZnO in a steady state condition of the reactor has been assessed under 1,500 sun heat flux from quartz window. A parametric study has been performed for a variation of the particle's mass flow rate, solar flux peak in, and reactor configuration. The cavity of the reactor was insulated by a ceramic and reflective material to reduce the conduction and radiation losses. Inert gas of Ar was injected into the tube as product carrier. Energy balance analysis and reactor efficiency calculation have been performed to analyze the reactor performance. The results showed that the thermal re-radiation through the window and thermal conduction through the cavity wall dominated the heat losses around 84 % in total. The best operating condition in this study was at a mass flow rate 0.05 g/s, peak-heat-in 2,000 kW/m2, and tubes configuration of the staggered-front dominant. Some recommendations to improve the research include changing the chemical reactant with other metal-oxide which has a lower reactivity, increasing the tubes number to absorb the solar irradiation, combining the metal-oxide decomposition with other processes which require less heat, and applying the special material in window side which can filter the high wavelength from going outside the reactor to decrease the re-radiation losses.

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Irsyad AR, Kim B, Duc DH, Abu Hassan SH, Fushinobu K. Numerical study of heat transfer and chemical kinetics of solar thermochemical reactor for hydrogen production. In Indartono YS, Irhamna AR, Prawisudha P, Sambegoro PL, editors, International Conference on Thermal Science and Technology, ICTST 2017. American Institute of Physics Inc. 2018. 020002. (AIP Conference Proceedings). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5046586