Novel palladium-guanine-reduced graphene oxide nanocomposite as efficient electrocatalyst for methanol oxidation reaction

Jen Chao Ng, Chou Yong Tan, Boon Hoong Ong, Atsunori Matsuda, Wan Jefrey Basirun, Wai Kian Tan, Ramesh Singh, Boon Kar Yap

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The agglomeration of metal catalysts can limit the performance of fuel cells. Herein, an easy, scalable, one-pot microwave-assisted method is proposed to introduce guanine, which is a nucleobase found in deoxyribonucleic acid and ribonucleic acid, to the reduced graphene oxide-supported palladium via noncovalent functionalization. Considering the abundant amino, amide, and imino functional groups of guanine that act as anchoring sites, palladium nanoparticles of various shapes such as triangular, rectangular, circular, and diamond are uniformly distributed. The guanine itself is revealed to be catalytically active toward methanol oxidation reaction, serving as second catalyst. Consequently, the as-produced nanocomposite has a larger electrochemically active surface area (111.98 m2 g−1 vs. 63.80 m2 g−1), greater methanol electro-oxidation ability (1017.42 mA mg−1 vs. 359.80 mA mg−1), and higher stability in alkaline medium than its counterpart without guanine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)213-220
Number of pages8
JournalMaterials Research Bulletin
Volume112
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2019

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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