Multi-sources model and control algorithm of an energy management system for light electric vehicles

M. A. Hannan, F. A. Azidin, A. Mohamed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

88 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper presents the multi-sources energy models and ruled based feedback control algorithm of an energy management system (EMS) for light electric vehicle (LEV), i.e., scooters. The multiple sources of energy, such as a battery, fuel cell (FC) and super-capacitor (SC), EMS and power controller, DC machine and vehicle dynamics are designed and modeled using MATLAB/SIMULINK. The developed control strategies continuously support the EMS of the multiple sources of energy for a scooter under normal and heavy power load conditions. The performance of the proposed system is analyzed and compared with that of the ECE-47 test drive cycle in terms of vehicle speed and load power. The results show that the designed vehicle's speed and load power closely match those of the ECE-47 test driving cycle under normal and heavy load conditions. This study's results suggest that the proposed control algorithm provides an efficient and feasible EMS for LEV. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-130
Number of pages109
JournalEnergy Conversion and Management
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Oct 2012
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

electric vehicle
Energy management systems
Electric vehicles
Fuel cells
fuel cell
MATLAB
Feedback control
energy
Capacitors
Controllers
energy management
vehicle
test
speed

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Building and Construction
  • Energy(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this

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Multi-sources model and control algorithm of an energy management system for light electric vehicles. / Hannan, M. A.; Azidin, F. A.; Mohamed, A.

In: Energy Conversion and Management, 01.10.2012, p. 123-130.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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