Modelling and optimization of biomass supply chain for bioenergy production

Siti Fatihah Salleh, Mohd Fadzil Gunawan, Mohd Fikri Bin Zulkarnain, Abdul Halim Shamsuddin, Tuan Ab Rashid Tuan Abdullah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)


Biomass utilization in the generation of bioenergy and biofuels is promoted as a sustainable solution to decarbonise the energy sector. Effective management of biomass supply chain is pivotal to successful deployment of this energy-rich resource in the power sector. Using a case study in Malaysia where biomass feedstock sourcing problem is prevalent, a biomass supply chain system was proposed. Three important terminals were identified, namely; i) biomass supply point (BSP), where raw biomass materials are collected, ii) biomass processing facility (BPF), as the collection hub cum centralized conversion centre, and iii) biomass demand centre (BDC), where the processed biomass meets the end-use sectors. A new modelling approach was proposed to optimize the new BPF location with the objective to minimize total road travelling distance between each terminal. The results were compared with the other commonly used methods, namely centre of gravity and fuzzy clustering. The positive contributions of the proposed model in minimizing the overall logistic cost and CO2 emissions due to fuel consumption were discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)689-695
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Environmental Treatment Techniques
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jan 2019


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Waste Management and Disposal

Cite this

Salleh, S. F., Gunawan, M. F., Zulkarnain, M. F. B., Shamsuddin, A. H., & Abdullah, T. A. R. T. (2019). Modelling and optimization of biomass supply chain for bioenergy production. Journal of Environmental Treatment Techniques, 7(4), 689-695.