Microemulsion synthesis of nanoparticle PZT powder

M. Amiriyan, Z. A. Nemati, M. S. Rahmanifar, S. Ramesh, Meenaloshini Satgunam, R. Tolouei

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Nanocrystalline lead zirconate titanate (PZT) powders have been synthesized using microemulsion processing route. Microemulsion is one of the major processing techniques to synthesize a nanosize, homogenous, and almost agglomerate free ceramic powders. The ternary microemulsion system is consisted of cyclohexane as the oil phase, Triton X100 as the nonionic surfactant phase, and an aqueous phase containing 0.619MPb2+, 0.325MZr4+, and 0.3MTi4+, representing a Pb2+: Zr4+: Ti4+ molar ratio of 1:0.52:0.48. The ratio of these cations has been adjusted using Inductively Coupled Plasma (ICP) technique. After coprecipitation of metallic hydroxides by adding ammonia solution in microemulsion system, the PZT precursor was obtained. PZT powders have been prepared upon calcination of precursor at 800°C. Prepared powders was characterised using techniques such as X-ray diffraction, differential thermal analysis, and scanning electron microscopy. The characteristics of microemulsion processed powder is discussed, with emphasis on the presence of nano scaled PZT powder with a composition near to morphotropic phase boundary (MPB) without formation of any intermediate phases.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Conference on Advances in Materials and Processing Technologies, AMPT2010
Pages265-270
Number of pages6
Volume1315
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010
EventInternational Conference on Advances in Materials and Processing Technologies, AMPT2010 - Paris, France
Duration: 24 Oct 201027 Oct 2010

Other

OtherInternational Conference on Advances in Materials and Processing Technologies, AMPT2010
CountryFrance
CityParis
Period24/10/1027/10/10

Fingerprint

nanoparticles
synthesis
ternary systems
cyclohexane
roasting
hydroxides
ammonia
thermal analysis
oils
surfactants
routes
ceramics
cations
scanning electron microscopy
diffraction
x rays

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Amiriyan, M., Nemati, Z. A., Rahmanifar, M. S., Ramesh, S., Satgunam, M., & Tolouei, R. (2010). Microemulsion synthesis of nanoparticle PZT powder. In International Conference on Advances in Materials and Processing Technologies, AMPT2010 (Vol. 1315, pp. 265-270) https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3552452
Amiriyan, M. ; Nemati, Z. A. ; Rahmanifar, M. S. ; Ramesh, S. ; Satgunam, Meenaloshini ; Tolouei, R. / Microemulsion synthesis of nanoparticle PZT powder. International Conference on Advances in Materials and Processing Technologies, AMPT2010. Vol. 1315 2010. pp. 265-270
@inproceedings{a67c1916caad43b6b14f49f33cedfec1,
title = "Microemulsion synthesis of nanoparticle PZT powder",
abstract = "Nanocrystalline lead zirconate titanate (PZT) powders have been synthesized using microemulsion processing route. Microemulsion is one of the major processing techniques to synthesize a nanosize, homogenous, and almost agglomerate free ceramic powders. The ternary microemulsion system is consisted of cyclohexane as the oil phase, Triton X100 as the nonionic surfactant phase, and an aqueous phase containing 0.619MPb2+, 0.325MZr4+, and 0.3MTi4+, representing a Pb2+: Zr4+: Ti4+ molar ratio of 1:0.52:0.48. The ratio of these cations has been adjusted using Inductively Coupled Plasma (ICP) technique. After coprecipitation of metallic hydroxides by adding ammonia solution in microemulsion system, the PZT precursor was obtained. PZT powders have been prepared upon calcination of precursor at 800°C. Prepared powders was characterised using techniques such as X-ray diffraction, differential thermal analysis, and scanning electron microscopy. The characteristics of microemulsion processed powder is discussed, with emphasis on the presence of nano scaled PZT powder with a composition near to morphotropic phase boundary (MPB) without formation of any intermediate phases.",
author = "M. Amiriyan and Nemati, {Z. A.} and Rahmanifar, {M. S.} and S. Ramesh and Meenaloshini Satgunam and R. Tolouei",
year = "2010",
doi = "10.1063/1.3552452",
language = "English",
isbn = "9780735408715",
volume = "1315",
pages = "265--270",
booktitle = "International Conference on Advances in Materials and Processing Technologies, AMPT2010",

}

Amiriyan, M, Nemati, ZA, Rahmanifar, MS, Ramesh, S, Satgunam, M & Tolouei, R 2010, Microemulsion synthesis of nanoparticle PZT powder. in International Conference on Advances in Materials and Processing Technologies, AMPT2010. vol. 1315, pp. 265-270, International Conference on Advances in Materials and Processing Technologies, AMPT2010, Paris, France, 24/10/10. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3552452

Microemulsion synthesis of nanoparticle PZT powder. / Amiriyan, M.; Nemati, Z. A.; Rahmanifar, M. S.; Ramesh, S.; Satgunam, Meenaloshini; Tolouei, R.

International Conference on Advances in Materials and Processing Technologies, AMPT2010. Vol. 1315 2010. p. 265-270.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

TY - GEN

T1 - Microemulsion synthesis of nanoparticle PZT powder

AU - Amiriyan, M.

AU - Nemati, Z. A.

AU - Rahmanifar, M. S.

AU - Ramesh, S.

AU - Satgunam, Meenaloshini

AU - Tolouei, R.

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - Nanocrystalline lead zirconate titanate (PZT) powders have been synthesized using microemulsion processing route. Microemulsion is one of the major processing techniques to synthesize a nanosize, homogenous, and almost agglomerate free ceramic powders. The ternary microemulsion system is consisted of cyclohexane as the oil phase, Triton X100 as the nonionic surfactant phase, and an aqueous phase containing 0.619MPb2+, 0.325MZr4+, and 0.3MTi4+, representing a Pb2+: Zr4+: Ti4+ molar ratio of 1:0.52:0.48. The ratio of these cations has been adjusted using Inductively Coupled Plasma (ICP) technique. After coprecipitation of metallic hydroxides by adding ammonia solution in microemulsion system, the PZT precursor was obtained. PZT powders have been prepared upon calcination of precursor at 800°C. Prepared powders was characterised using techniques such as X-ray diffraction, differential thermal analysis, and scanning electron microscopy. The characteristics of microemulsion processed powder is discussed, with emphasis on the presence of nano scaled PZT powder with a composition near to morphotropic phase boundary (MPB) without formation of any intermediate phases.

AB - Nanocrystalline lead zirconate titanate (PZT) powders have been synthesized using microemulsion processing route. Microemulsion is one of the major processing techniques to synthesize a nanosize, homogenous, and almost agglomerate free ceramic powders. The ternary microemulsion system is consisted of cyclohexane as the oil phase, Triton X100 as the nonionic surfactant phase, and an aqueous phase containing 0.619MPb2+, 0.325MZr4+, and 0.3MTi4+, representing a Pb2+: Zr4+: Ti4+ molar ratio of 1:0.52:0.48. The ratio of these cations has been adjusted using Inductively Coupled Plasma (ICP) technique. After coprecipitation of metallic hydroxides by adding ammonia solution in microemulsion system, the PZT precursor was obtained. PZT powders have been prepared upon calcination of precursor at 800°C. Prepared powders was characterised using techniques such as X-ray diffraction, differential thermal analysis, and scanning electron microscopy. The characteristics of microemulsion processed powder is discussed, with emphasis on the presence of nano scaled PZT powder with a composition near to morphotropic phase boundary (MPB) without formation of any intermediate phases.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79952561443&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=79952561443&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1063/1.3552452

DO - 10.1063/1.3552452

M3 - Conference contribution

SN - 9780735408715

VL - 1315

SP - 265

EP - 270

BT - International Conference on Advances in Materials and Processing Technologies, AMPT2010

ER -

Amiriyan M, Nemati ZA, Rahmanifar MS, Ramesh S, Satgunam M, Tolouei R. Microemulsion synthesis of nanoparticle PZT powder. In International Conference on Advances in Materials and Processing Technologies, AMPT2010. Vol. 1315. 2010. p. 265-270 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3552452