Microemulsion synthesis of nanoparticle PZT powder

M. Amiriyan, Z. A. Nemati, M. S. Rahmanifar, S. Ramesh, Meenaloshini Satgunam, R. Tolouei

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Nanocrystalline lead zirconate titanate (PZT) powders have been synthesized using microemulsion processing route. Microemulsion is one of the major processing techniques to synthesize a nanosize, homogenous, and almost agglomerate free ceramic powders. The ternary microemulsion system is consisted of cyclohexane as the oil phase, Triton X100 as the nonionic surfactant phase, and an aqueous phase containing 0.619MPb2+, 0.325MZr4+, and 0.3MTi4+, representing a Pb2+: Zr4+: Ti4+ molar ratio of 1:0.52:0.48. The ratio of these cations has been adjusted using Inductively Coupled Plasma (ICP) technique. After coprecipitation of metallic hydroxides by adding ammonia solution in microemulsion system, the PZT precursor was obtained. PZT powders have been prepared upon calcination of precursor at 800°C. Prepared powders was characterised using techniques such as X-ray diffraction, differential thermal analysis, and scanning electron microscopy. The characteristics of microemulsion processed powder is discussed, with emphasis on the presence of nano scaled PZT powder with a composition near to morphotropic phase boundary (MPB) without formation of any intermediate phases.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Conference on Advances in Materials and Processing Technologies, AMPT2010
Pages265-270
Number of pages6
Volume1315
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010
EventInternational Conference on Advances in Materials and Processing Technologies, AMPT2010 - Paris, France
Duration: 24 Oct 201027 Oct 2010

Other

OtherInternational Conference on Advances in Materials and Processing Technologies, AMPT2010
CountryFrance
CityParis
Period24/10/1027/10/10

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Microemulsion synthesis of nanoparticle PZT powder'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Amiriyan, M., Nemati, Z. A., Rahmanifar, M. S., Ramesh, S., Satgunam, M., & Tolouei, R. (2010). Microemulsion synthesis of nanoparticle PZT powder. In International Conference on Advances in Materials and Processing Technologies, AMPT2010 (Vol. 1315, pp. 265-270) https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3552452