Mechanical properties and durability of calcium carbide kiln dust mortar

Sivakumar Naganathan, Masimawati Abdul Latif, Hashim Abdul Razak, Kamal Nasharuddin Mustapha, Salmia Beddu, B. Mahalingam, G. Elangovan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This paper reports an investigational study on the effect of calcium carbide kiln dust (CCKD) in cement mortar and its resistance towards hydrochloric acid attack. Mortar with various CCKD replacement levels from 5 to 40 percent by binder weight were tested. The setting time, consistency, density, compressive strength and the durability tests were evaluated to measure the effect of CCKD in mortar. The durability was assessed in terms of loss of density and strength when the specimen were cured in 5% hydrochloric acid (HCL) solution. The results indicate that CCKD replacement levels from 5 to 20 percent performed on par with control mix in terms of compressive strength, the loss in density and strength were around 30% under acid curing. However, 30% and above CCKD replacement percentage showed low density and compressive strength in both conditions. It is concluded that CCKD can be used as an effective replacement for cement up to 20 percent without affecting the performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)315-326
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology
Volume10
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jan 2019

Fingerprint

Calcium carbide
Kilns
Mortar
Dust
Durability
Mechanical properties
Compressive strength
Hydrochloric acid
Cements
Binders
Curing
Acids

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Computer Networks and Communications

Cite this

@article{34af02201f1c4252b666df81d3901128,
title = "Mechanical properties and durability of calcium carbide kiln dust mortar",
abstract = "This paper reports an investigational study on the effect of calcium carbide kiln dust (CCKD) in cement mortar and its resistance towards hydrochloric acid attack. Mortar with various CCKD replacement levels from 5 to 40 percent by binder weight were tested. The setting time, consistency, density, compressive strength and the durability tests were evaluated to measure the effect of CCKD in mortar. The durability was assessed in terms of loss of density and strength when the specimen were cured in 5{\%} hydrochloric acid (HCL) solution. The results indicate that CCKD replacement levels from 5 to 20 percent performed on par with control mix in terms of compressive strength, the loss in density and strength were around 30{\%} under acid curing. However, 30{\%} and above CCKD replacement percentage showed low density and compressive strength in both conditions. It is concluded that CCKD can be used as an effective replacement for cement up to 20 percent without affecting the performance.",
author = "Sivakumar Naganathan and Latif, {Masimawati Abdul} and Razak, {Hashim Abdul} and Mustapha, {Kamal Nasharuddin} and Salmia Beddu and B. Mahalingam and G. Elangovan",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "10",
pages = "315--326",
journal = "International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology",
issn = "0976-6308",
publisher = "IAEME Publication",
number = "1",

}

Mechanical properties and durability of calcium carbide kiln dust mortar. / Naganathan, Sivakumar; Latif, Masimawati Abdul; Razak, Hashim Abdul; Mustapha, Kamal Nasharuddin; Beddu, Salmia; Mahalingam, B.; Elangovan, G.

In: International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology, Vol. 10, No. 1, 01.01.2019, p. 315-326.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Mechanical properties and durability of calcium carbide kiln dust mortar

AU - Naganathan, Sivakumar

AU - Latif, Masimawati Abdul

AU - Razak, Hashim Abdul

AU - Mustapha, Kamal Nasharuddin

AU - Beddu, Salmia

AU - Mahalingam, B.

AU - Elangovan, G.

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - This paper reports an investigational study on the effect of calcium carbide kiln dust (CCKD) in cement mortar and its resistance towards hydrochloric acid attack. Mortar with various CCKD replacement levels from 5 to 40 percent by binder weight were tested. The setting time, consistency, density, compressive strength and the durability tests were evaluated to measure the effect of CCKD in mortar. The durability was assessed in terms of loss of density and strength when the specimen were cured in 5% hydrochloric acid (HCL) solution. The results indicate that CCKD replacement levels from 5 to 20 percent performed on par with control mix in terms of compressive strength, the loss in density and strength were around 30% under acid curing. However, 30% and above CCKD replacement percentage showed low density and compressive strength in both conditions. It is concluded that CCKD can be used as an effective replacement for cement up to 20 percent without affecting the performance.

AB - This paper reports an investigational study on the effect of calcium carbide kiln dust (CCKD) in cement mortar and its resistance towards hydrochloric acid attack. Mortar with various CCKD replacement levels from 5 to 40 percent by binder weight were tested. The setting time, consistency, density, compressive strength and the durability tests were evaluated to measure the effect of CCKD in mortar. The durability was assessed in terms of loss of density and strength when the specimen were cured in 5% hydrochloric acid (HCL) solution. The results indicate that CCKD replacement levels from 5 to 20 percent performed on par with control mix in terms of compressive strength, the loss in density and strength were around 30% under acid curing. However, 30% and above CCKD replacement percentage showed low density and compressive strength in both conditions. It is concluded that CCKD can be used as an effective replacement for cement up to 20 percent without affecting the performance.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85060855935&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85060855935&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 10

SP - 315

EP - 326

JO - International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology

JF - International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology

SN - 0976-6308

IS - 1

ER -