Long-term settlement prediction at open dumping area using Hossein and Gabr method for new development

Nur Irfah Mohd Pauzi, Ahmad Sulaimi Shariffuddin, Husaini Omar, Halina Misran

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In Malaysia, the most common method of disposal is landfill/open dumping. The soil at the dumping area are mixed with waste and soil. Thus, it was called as waste soil. Due to its heterogeneity properties, waste soil has a different settlement rate because different types of waste tends to settle differently. The Hussein and Gabr model which used empirical model was proposed to compute the long-term settlement. This Hussein and Gabr model is one of the soil settlement model that can be used to predict the long-term settlement at the dumping area. The model relates between the compression index and the time factor. The time factor are t1, t2, t3 and t4. The compression index is Cα1=compression index and Cβ is biodegradation index. The duration for initial compression, the compression, the biological compression and time creep are included in the model. The sample of waste soil is taken from closed dumping area in Lukut, Negeri Sembilan with the height of waste approximately 1 to 3 meters. The sample is tested using consolidation test for determining the geotechnical parameters and compressibility index. Based on the Hossein and Gabr model, the predicted long-term settlement for 20 years (ΔH) for the waste height of 1 to 3 meters are 0.21m, 0.42m and 0.63m respectively and are below the percentages of proposed maximum settlement for waste soil which is acceptable for new development to takes place. The types of deep or shallow foundation are proposed based on the predicted settlement. The abandoned open dumping area can now be reused for the new development after the long-term settlement are predicted and some of the precaution measures has been taken as a safety measures.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceeding of the 3rd International Conference of Global Network for Innovative Technology 2016, 3rd IGNITE 2016
Subtitle of host publicationAdvanced Materials for Innovative Technologies
EditorsMohd Kusairay Musa, Mariatti Jaafar, Khairunisak Abdul Razak, Tan Wai Kian, Kazutaka Shibatomi, Zuhailawati Hussain
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735415454
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jul 2017
Event3rd International Conference of Global Network for Innovative Technology 2016: Advanced Materials for Innovative Technologies, IGNITE 2016 - Penang, Malaysia
Duration: 27 Jan 201629 Jan 2016

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume1865
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Other

Other3rd International Conference of Global Network for Innovative Technology 2016: Advanced Materials for Innovative Technologies, IGNITE 2016
CountryMalaysia
CityPenang
Period27/01/1629/01/16

Fingerprint

dumping
soils
predictions
landfills
Malaysia
biodegradation
accident prevention
consolidation
disposal
compressibility
safety

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Mohd Pauzi, N. I., Shariffuddin, A. S., Omar, H., & Misran, H. (2017). Long-term settlement prediction at open dumping area using Hossein and Gabr method for new development. In M. K. Musa, M. Jaafar, K. A. Razak, T. W. Kian, K. Shibatomi, & Z. Hussain (Eds.), Proceeding of the 3rd International Conference of Global Network for Innovative Technology 2016, 3rd IGNITE 2016: Advanced Materials for Innovative Technologies [090009] (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 1865). American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4993410
Mohd Pauzi, Nur Irfah ; Shariffuddin, Ahmad Sulaimi ; Omar, Husaini ; Misran, Halina. / Long-term settlement prediction at open dumping area using Hossein and Gabr method for new development. Proceeding of the 3rd International Conference of Global Network for Innovative Technology 2016, 3rd IGNITE 2016: Advanced Materials for Innovative Technologies. editor / Mohd Kusairay Musa ; Mariatti Jaafar ; Khairunisak Abdul Razak ; Tan Wai Kian ; Kazutaka Shibatomi ; Zuhailawati Hussain. American Institute of Physics Inc., 2017. (AIP Conference Proceedings).
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abstract = "In Malaysia, the most common method of disposal is landfill/open dumping. The soil at the dumping area are mixed with waste and soil. Thus, it was called as waste soil. Due to its heterogeneity properties, waste soil has a different settlement rate because different types of waste tends to settle differently. The Hussein and Gabr model which used empirical model was proposed to compute the long-term settlement. This Hussein and Gabr model is one of the soil settlement model that can be used to predict the long-term settlement at the dumping area. The model relates between the compression index and the time factor. The time factor are t1, t2, t3 and t4. The compression index is Cα1=compression index and Cβ is biodegradation index. The duration for initial compression, the compression, the biological compression and time creep are included in the model. The sample of waste soil is taken from closed dumping area in Lukut, Negeri Sembilan with the height of waste approximately 1 to 3 meters. The sample is tested using consolidation test for determining the geotechnical parameters and compressibility index. Based on the Hossein and Gabr model, the predicted long-term settlement for 20 years (ΔH) for the waste height of 1 to 3 meters are 0.21m, 0.42m and 0.63m respectively and are below the percentages of proposed maximum settlement for waste soil which is acceptable for new development to takes place. The types of deep or shallow foundation are proposed based on the predicted settlement. The abandoned open dumping area can now be reused for the new development after the long-term settlement are predicted and some of the precaution measures has been taken as a safety measures.",
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Mohd Pauzi, NI, Shariffuddin, AS, Omar, H & Misran, H 2017, Long-term settlement prediction at open dumping area using Hossein and Gabr method for new development. in MK Musa, M Jaafar, KA Razak, TW Kian, K Shibatomi & Z Hussain (eds), Proceeding of the 3rd International Conference of Global Network for Innovative Technology 2016, 3rd IGNITE 2016: Advanced Materials for Innovative Technologies., 090009, AIP Conference Proceedings, vol. 1865, American Institute of Physics Inc., 3rd International Conference of Global Network for Innovative Technology 2016: Advanced Materials for Innovative Technologies, IGNITE 2016, Penang, Malaysia, 27/01/16. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4993410

Long-term settlement prediction at open dumping area using Hossein and Gabr method for new development. / Mohd Pauzi, Nur Irfah; Shariffuddin, Ahmad Sulaimi; Omar, Husaini; Misran, Halina.

Proceeding of the 3rd International Conference of Global Network for Innovative Technology 2016, 3rd IGNITE 2016: Advanced Materials for Innovative Technologies. ed. / Mohd Kusairay Musa; Mariatti Jaafar; Khairunisak Abdul Razak; Tan Wai Kian; Kazutaka Shibatomi; Zuhailawati Hussain. American Institute of Physics Inc., 2017. 090009 (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 1865).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Mohd Pauzi NI, Shariffuddin AS, Omar H, Misran H. Long-term settlement prediction at open dumping area using Hossein and Gabr method for new development. In Musa MK, Jaafar M, Razak KA, Kian TW, Shibatomi K, Hussain Z, editors, Proceeding of the 3rd International Conference of Global Network for Innovative Technology 2016, 3rd IGNITE 2016: Advanced Materials for Innovative Technologies. American Institute of Physics Inc. 2017. 090009. (AIP Conference Proceedings). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4993410