Life cycle assessment of rice straw-based power generation in Malaysia

S. M. Shafie, H. H. Masjuki, T.m. Indra Mahlia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper presents an application of LCA (Life Cycle Assessment) with a view to analyzing the environment aspects of rice straw-based power generation in Malaysia. It also compares rice straw-based power generation with that of coal and natural gas. GHG (Greenhouse gas) emission savings were calculated. It finds that rice straw power generation can save GHG (greenhouse gas) emissions of about 1.79kg CO2-eq/kWh compared to coal-based and 1.05kg CO2-eq/kWh with natural gas based power generation. While the development of rice straw-based power generation in Malaysia is still in its early stage, these paddy residues offer a large potential to generate electricity because of their availability. Rice straw power plants not only could solve the problem of removing rice straw from fields without open burning, but also could reduce GHG emissions that contribute to climate change, acidification, and eutrophication, among other environmental problems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)401-410
Number of pages10
JournalEnergy
Volume70
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jun 2014

Fingerprint

Straw
Power generation
Life cycle
Gas emissions
Greenhouse gases
Natural gas
Coal gas
Eutrophication
Acidification
Climate change
Power plants
Electricity
Coal
Availability

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Pollution
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Shafie, S. M. ; Masjuki, H. H. ; Mahlia, T.m. Indra. / Life cycle assessment of rice straw-based power generation in Malaysia. In: Energy. 2014 ; Vol. 70. pp. 401-410.
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Life cycle assessment of rice straw-based power generation in Malaysia. / Shafie, S. M.; Masjuki, H. H.; Mahlia, T.m. Indra.

In: Energy, Vol. 70, 01.06.2014, p. 401-410.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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