Investigation on optimum blend ratio and microwave pre-treatment condition of primary and secondary sludge from sewage treatment plants (STP) to enhance biogas production in anaerobic digesters

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In this paper, findings of an investigation to determine optimum ratio of primary and secondary sludge and microwave pre-treatment of the combined sludge ratio is reported. In the first experimental works, anaerobic digestion of primary and secondary sewage sludge at ratio of 100:0, 90:10, 70:30, 50:50, 30:70, 0:100 respectively, was carried out. Results have indicated that the highest amount of biogas was generated by the 100% primary sludge. The current practice at the STP employs 70:30 sludge mix ratio. Using microwave, the 70:30 sludge mixture was subjected to pretreatment (MW) at 5 minutes and 15 minutes of continuous and intermittent irradiation prior to anaerobic digestion and compared to samples without pretreatment. The continuously MW pretreated sludge for 15 minutes generated 25% more biogas than the non-pretreated sludge. The outcome of this work suggest, pretreating 100% primary sludge with MW irradiation may prove to be an attractive option to be explored for enhancement biogas production in STP's. The excess biogas produced can be used to generate more electricity hence proving to be techno-economically viable for power production.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2014 International Conference and Utility Exhibition on Green Energy for Sustainable Development, ICUE 2014
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
ISBN (Print)9781479926275
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jan 2014
Event2014 International Conference and Utility Exhibition on Green Energy for Sustainable Development, ICUE 2014 - Pattaya, Thailand
Duration: 19 Mar 201421 Mar 2014

Publication series

NameProceedings of the 2014 International Conference and Utility Exhibition on Green Energy for Sustainable Development, ICUE 2014

Other

Other2014 International Conference and Utility Exhibition on Green Energy for Sustainable Development, ICUE 2014
CountryThailand
CityPattaya
Period19/03/1421/03/14

Fingerprint

Sewage treatment plants
Biogas
Microwaves
Anaerobic digestion
Irradiation
Sewage sludge
Electricity

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Cite this

Sivasankari, R., Palanisamy, K., & M. Nomanbhay, S. (2014). Investigation on optimum blend ratio and microwave pre-treatment condition of primary and secondary sludge from sewage treatment plants (STP) to enhance biogas production in anaerobic digesters. In Proceedings of the 2014 International Conference and Utility Exhibition on Green Energy for Sustainable Development, ICUE 2014 [6828974] (Proceedings of the 2014 International Conference and Utility Exhibition on Green Energy for Sustainable Development, ICUE 2014). IEEE Computer Society.
Sivasankari, R. ; Palanisamy, Kumaran ; M. Nomanbhay, Saifuddin. / Investigation on optimum blend ratio and microwave pre-treatment condition of primary and secondary sludge from sewage treatment plants (STP) to enhance biogas production in anaerobic digesters. Proceedings of the 2014 International Conference and Utility Exhibition on Green Energy for Sustainable Development, ICUE 2014. IEEE Computer Society, 2014. (Proceedings of the 2014 International Conference and Utility Exhibition on Green Energy for Sustainable Development, ICUE 2014).
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abstract = "In this paper, findings of an investigation to determine optimum ratio of primary and secondary sludge and microwave pre-treatment of the combined sludge ratio is reported. In the first experimental works, anaerobic digestion of primary and secondary sewage sludge at ratio of 100:0, 90:10, 70:30, 50:50, 30:70, 0:100 respectively, was carried out. Results have indicated that the highest amount of biogas was generated by the 100{\%} primary sludge. The current practice at the STP employs 70:30 sludge mix ratio. Using microwave, the 70:30 sludge mixture was subjected to pretreatment (MW) at 5 minutes and 15 minutes of continuous and intermittent irradiation prior to anaerobic digestion and compared to samples without pretreatment. The continuously MW pretreated sludge for 15 minutes generated 25{\%} more biogas than the non-pretreated sludge. The outcome of this work suggest, pretreating 100{\%} primary sludge with MW irradiation may prove to be an attractive option to be explored for enhancement biogas production in STP's. The excess biogas produced can be used to generate more electricity hence proving to be techno-economically viable for power production.",
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Sivasankari, R, Palanisamy, K & M. Nomanbhay, S 2014, Investigation on optimum blend ratio and microwave pre-treatment condition of primary and secondary sludge from sewage treatment plants (STP) to enhance biogas production in anaerobic digesters. in Proceedings of the 2014 International Conference and Utility Exhibition on Green Energy for Sustainable Development, ICUE 2014., 6828974, Proceedings of the 2014 International Conference and Utility Exhibition on Green Energy for Sustainable Development, ICUE 2014, IEEE Computer Society, 2014 International Conference and Utility Exhibition on Green Energy for Sustainable Development, ICUE 2014, Pattaya, Thailand, 19/03/14.

Investigation on optimum blend ratio and microwave pre-treatment condition of primary and secondary sludge from sewage treatment plants (STP) to enhance biogas production in anaerobic digesters. / Sivasankari, R.; Palanisamy, Kumaran; M. Nomanbhay, Saifuddin.

Proceedings of the 2014 International Conference and Utility Exhibition on Green Energy for Sustainable Development, ICUE 2014. IEEE Computer Society, 2014. 6828974 (Proceedings of the 2014 International Conference and Utility Exhibition on Green Energy for Sustainable Development, ICUE 2014).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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N2 - In this paper, findings of an investigation to determine optimum ratio of primary and secondary sludge and microwave pre-treatment of the combined sludge ratio is reported. In the first experimental works, anaerobic digestion of primary and secondary sewage sludge at ratio of 100:0, 90:10, 70:30, 50:50, 30:70, 0:100 respectively, was carried out. Results have indicated that the highest amount of biogas was generated by the 100% primary sludge. The current practice at the STP employs 70:30 sludge mix ratio. Using microwave, the 70:30 sludge mixture was subjected to pretreatment (MW) at 5 minutes and 15 minutes of continuous and intermittent irradiation prior to anaerobic digestion and compared to samples without pretreatment. The continuously MW pretreated sludge for 15 minutes generated 25% more biogas than the non-pretreated sludge. The outcome of this work suggest, pretreating 100% primary sludge with MW irradiation may prove to be an attractive option to be explored for enhancement biogas production in STP's. The excess biogas produced can be used to generate more electricity hence proving to be techno-economically viable for power production.

AB - In this paper, findings of an investigation to determine optimum ratio of primary and secondary sludge and microwave pre-treatment of the combined sludge ratio is reported. In the first experimental works, anaerobic digestion of primary and secondary sewage sludge at ratio of 100:0, 90:10, 70:30, 50:50, 30:70, 0:100 respectively, was carried out. Results have indicated that the highest amount of biogas was generated by the 100% primary sludge. The current practice at the STP employs 70:30 sludge mix ratio. Using microwave, the 70:30 sludge mixture was subjected to pretreatment (MW) at 5 minutes and 15 minutes of continuous and intermittent irradiation prior to anaerobic digestion and compared to samples without pretreatment. The continuously MW pretreated sludge for 15 minutes generated 25% more biogas than the non-pretreated sludge. The outcome of this work suggest, pretreating 100% primary sludge with MW irradiation may prove to be an attractive option to be explored for enhancement biogas production in STP's. The excess biogas produced can be used to generate more electricity hence proving to be techno-economically viable for power production.

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PB - IEEE Computer Society

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Sivasankari R, Palanisamy K, M. Nomanbhay S. Investigation on optimum blend ratio and microwave pre-treatment condition of primary and secondary sludge from sewage treatment plants (STP) to enhance biogas production in anaerobic digesters. In Proceedings of the 2014 International Conference and Utility Exhibition on Green Energy for Sustainable Development, ICUE 2014. IEEE Computer Society. 2014. 6828974. (Proceedings of the 2014 International Conference and Utility Exhibition on Green Energy for Sustainable Development, ICUE 2014).