Investigating factors affecting co 2 emissions in Malaysian road transport sector

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Abstract

Today the unprecedented increase in CO 2 emissions has become an important global issue because of the intensification in demand from the transport sector due to an upward surge in urbanization and rapid economic growth. The demand for transport services is expected to rise further, causing the CO 2 emissions level to increase as well. In Malaysia, the transportation sector accounts for 28% of total CO 2 emissions, of which 85% comes from road transport. This has led to strong interest in how the CO 2 emissions in this sector can be reduced effectively. This study aimed to investigate factors that influence the CO 2 emissions. A multiple regression model was used based on fuel-based technology data for 1990-2013. Many factors influencing CO 2 emissions, i.e., fuel consumption, fuel efficiency (FE), fuel price (FP) and distance travel (DT), were examined for the road transport sector in Malaysia. The results demonstrated that FE, FP and DT were the main factors influencing the CO 2 emissions growth. Some policy implications from the empirical results were proposed for CO 2 emissions reduction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1073-1083
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Energy Economics and Policy
Volume5
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jan 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Energy(all)
  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)

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