Integration of electric vehicles in smart grid

A review on vehicle to grid technologies and optimization techniques

Kang Miao Tan, Vigna Kumaran Ramachandaramurthy, Jia Ying Yong

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

127 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Energy crisis and environmental issues have encouraged the adoption of electric vehicle as an alternative transportation option to the conventional internal combustion engine vehicle. Recently, the development of smart grid concept in power grid has advanced the role of electric vehicles in the form of vehicle to grid technology. Vehicle to grid technology allows bidirectional energy exchange between electric vehicles and the power grid, which offers numerous services to the power grid, such as power grid regulation, spinning reserve, peak load shaving, load leveling and reactive power compensation. As the implementation of vehicle to grid technology is a complicated unit commitment problem with different conflicting objectives and constraints, optimization techniques are usually utilized. This paper reviews the framework, benefits and challenges of vehicle to grid technology. This paper also summarizes the main optimization techniques to achieve different vehicle to grid objectives while satisfying multiple constraints.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)720-732
Number of pages13
JournalRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Volume53
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jan 2016

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Electric vehicles
Internal combustion engines
Reactive power

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Cite this

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Integration of electric vehicles in smart grid : A review on vehicle to grid technologies and optimization techniques. / Tan, Kang Miao; Ramachandaramurthy, Vigna Kumaran; Yong, Jia Ying.

In: Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 53, 01.01.2016, p. 720-732.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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