Incident photon-to-current efficiency of thermally treated SWCNTs-based nanocomposite for dye-sensitized solar cell

Savisha Mahalingam, Huda Abdullah, Nowshad Amin, Abreeza Noorlina Abd. Manap

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

This study focuses on incident photon-to-current efficiency (IPCE) performance of In 2 O 3 -SWCNTs for dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) application. The thin films were prepared by sol-gel method using spin-coating technique annealed at 400, 450, 500, 550, and 600 °C. Morphology transition of In 2 O 3 from spherical to cubic and then octahedral structure occurred as the annealing temperature rises. The photoanode annealed at 450 °C (cubic structure) provides a stable phase of cubic structure with large surface area and optimum thickness for effective dye adsorption. However, the IPCE value does not solely depends on the dye adsorption of photoanodes (light harvesting efficiency (LHE)) but the electron injection efficiency (η inj ) and the collection efficiency (η coll ). Smaller energy bandgap of photoanodes favors the injected electrons with higher driving force to the conduction band (CB) of the photoanode, which in turn increases the η inj from the LUMO of dye to the In 2 O 3 -SWCNTs CB. Besides that, the absence of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) above 500 °C caused the energy bandgap to increase and leads to lower driving force of injected electrons. In addition, SWCNTs are capable of absorbing visible light faster than other materials. Therefore, the cubic structure-based photoanode (450 °C) exhibited better electron transport with larger driving force on injected electron (η inj ) that decreased the electron recombination rate and increased electron lifetime and subsequently obtained larger charge collection efficiency (η coll ) of almost 99%. Consequently, the IPCE performance of DSSC was enhanced. [Figure not available: see fulltext.].

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)747-761
Number of pages15
JournalIonics
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 05 Feb 2019

Fingerprint

Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCN)
Nanocomposites
nanocomposites
Photons
solar cells
dyes
carbon nanotubes
photons
Electrons
electrons
Coloring Agents
Dyes
Conduction bands
conduction bands
Energy gap
electron recombination
Adsorption
Electron injection
adsorption
Coating techniques

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

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title = "Incident photon-to-current efficiency of thermally treated SWCNTs-based nanocomposite for dye-sensitized solar cell",
abstract = "This study focuses on incident photon-to-current efficiency (IPCE) performance of In 2 O 3 -SWCNTs for dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) application. The thin films were prepared by sol-gel method using spin-coating technique annealed at 400, 450, 500, 550, and 600 °C. Morphology transition of In 2 O 3 from spherical to cubic and then octahedral structure occurred as the annealing temperature rises. The photoanode annealed at 450 °C (cubic structure) provides a stable phase of cubic structure with large surface area and optimum thickness for effective dye adsorption. However, the IPCE value does not solely depends on the dye adsorption of photoanodes (light harvesting efficiency (LHE)) but the electron injection efficiency (η inj ) and the collection efficiency (η coll ). Smaller energy bandgap of photoanodes favors the injected electrons with higher driving force to the conduction band (CB) of the photoanode, which in turn increases the η inj from the LUMO of dye to the In 2 O 3 -SWCNTs CB. Besides that, the absence of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) above 500 °C caused the energy bandgap to increase and leads to lower driving force of injected electrons. In addition, SWCNTs are capable of absorbing visible light faster than other materials. Therefore, the cubic structure-based photoanode (450 °C) exhibited better electron transport with larger driving force on injected electron (η inj ) that decreased the electron recombination rate and increased electron lifetime and subsequently obtained larger charge collection efficiency (η coll ) of almost 99{\%}. Consequently, the IPCE performance of DSSC was enhanced. [Figure not available: see fulltext.].",
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Incident photon-to-current efficiency of thermally treated SWCNTs-based nanocomposite for dye-sensitized solar cell. / Mahalingam, Savisha; Abdullah, Huda; Amin, Nowshad; Abd. Manap, Abreeza Noorlina.

In: Ionics, Vol. 25, No. 2, 05.02.2019, p. 747-761.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Incident photon-to-current efficiency of thermally treated SWCNTs-based nanocomposite for dye-sensitized solar cell

AU - Mahalingam, Savisha

AU - Abdullah, Huda

AU - Amin, Nowshad

AU - Abd. Manap, Abreeza Noorlina

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AB - This study focuses on incident photon-to-current efficiency (IPCE) performance of In 2 O 3 -SWCNTs for dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) application. The thin films were prepared by sol-gel method using spin-coating technique annealed at 400, 450, 500, 550, and 600 °C. Morphology transition of In 2 O 3 from spherical to cubic and then octahedral structure occurred as the annealing temperature rises. The photoanode annealed at 450 °C (cubic structure) provides a stable phase of cubic structure with large surface area and optimum thickness for effective dye adsorption. However, the IPCE value does not solely depends on the dye adsorption of photoanodes (light harvesting efficiency (LHE)) but the electron injection efficiency (η inj ) and the collection efficiency (η coll ). Smaller energy bandgap of photoanodes favors the injected electrons with higher driving force to the conduction band (CB) of the photoanode, which in turn increases the η inj from the LUMO of dye to the In 2 O 3 -SWCNTs CB. Besides that, the absence of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) above 500 °C caused the energy bandgap to increase and leads to lower driving force of injected electrons. In addition, SWCNTs are capable of absorbing visible light faster than other materials. Therefore, the cubic structure-based photoanode (450 °C) exhibited better electron transport with larger driving force on injected electron (η inj ) that decreased the electron recombination rate and increased electron lifetime and subsequently obtained larger charge collection efficiency (η coll ) of almost 99%. Consequently, the IPCE performance of DSSC was enhanced. [Figure not available: see fulltext.].

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