Impact Resistance Of Oil Palm Shells Lightweight Concrete Slab With Bamboo Fibers

Lariyah Mohd Sidek, Zakaria Che Muda, PROF DR SALAH FARHAN A. SHARIF, NAWFAL S.FARHAN

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Oil palm shells (OPS) has been used as an aggregate in concrete mixture, replacing the normal
sense aggregate in many countries, since long time, and it is still an important aggregate in terms
of quantity used. In Malaysia, the development of using oil palm shell as lightweight aggregate
in construction industry, especially in structural application started about 30 years ago. Today;
concrete is one of the most versatile construction materials. Many researchers found that OPS
light weight concrete performances need to be enhanced especially when used for structural
applications. In this research work an efforts were taken place to enhance OPS concrete
performances by using bamboo fibers. Compressive strength, impact energy absorption and
crack resistance were investigated for different mix design of bamboo fiber content and good
results were gained. The compressive strength decreased marginally the percentage of bamboo
fiber of 2% by cement weight. The impact energy absorption for 1% bamboo fiber increase
about 1.9 times for service (first) crack and 1.5 times for the ultimate (failure) crack as compared
to the service (first) crack and ultimate (failure) crack of the control sample with no bamboo
fiber respectively. However, the impact energy absorption for 2% bamboo fiber increase
considerably about 2.3 times for service (first) crack) and 1.8 times for the ultimate (failure)
crack as compared to the service (first) crack and ultimate (failure) crack of the control sample
with no bamboo fiber respectively. As such the 2% percentage of bamboo fiber has better
performance than 1% percentage of bamboo fiber in term of impact energy absorption and crack
resistance especially under service (first) crack condition. The difference in bamboo fiber length
has only marginal effect on the impact energy absorption or surface crack resistance for service
(first) crack and ultimate crack condition. The results show that oil palm shell light-weight
concrete with bamboo fibers indicate a potential future of this material to be used as an impact
resistance composite structures.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages18
JournalInternational Journal Of Scientific And Engineering Research (Ijser)
Volume4
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 19 Dec 2012

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Palm oil
Impact resistance
Bamboo
Concrete slabs
bamboo
slab
shell
crack
Fibers
Cracks
oil
Energy absorption
energy
fibre
compressive strength
Compressive strength
services
Concretes
construction industry
Concrete mixtures

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Energy(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

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title = "Impact Resistance Of Oil Palm Shells Lightweight Concrete Slab With Bamboo Fibers",
abstract = "Oil palm shells (OPS) has been used as an aggregate in concrete mixture, replacing the normalsense aggregate in many countries, since long time, and it is still an important aggregate in termsof quantity used. In Malaysia, the development of using oil palm shell as lightweight aggregatein construction industry, especially in structural application started about 30 years ago. Today;concrete is one of the most versatile construction materials. Many researchers found that OPSlight weight concrete performances need to be enhanced especially when used for structuralapplications. In this research work an efforts were taken place to enhance OPS concreteperformances by using bamboo fibers. Compressive strength, impact energy absorption andcrack resistance were investigated for different mix design of bamboo fiber content and goodresults were gained. The compressive strength decreased marginally the percentage of bamboofiber of 2{\%} by cement weight. The impact energy absorption for 1{\%} bamboo fiber increaseabout 1.9 times for service (first) crack and 1.5 times for the ultimate (failure) crack as comparedto the service (first) crack and ultimate (failure) crack of the control sample with no bamboofiber respectively. However, the impact energy absorption for 2{\%} bamboo fiber increaseconsiderably about 2.3 times for service (first) crack) and 1.8 times for the ultimate (failure)crack as compared to the service (first) crack and ultimate (failure) crack of the control samplewith no bamboo fiber respectively. As such the 2{\%} percentage of bamboo fiber has betterperformance than 1{\%} percentage of bamboo fiber in term of impact energy absorption and crackresistance especially under service (first) crack condition. The difference in bamboo fiber lengthhas only marginal effect on the impact energy absorption or surface crack resistance for service(first) crack and ultimate crack condition. The results show that oil palm shell light-weightconcrete with bamboo fibers indicate a potential future of this material to be used as an impactresistance composite structures.",
author = "{Mohd Sidek}, Lariyah and {Che Muda}, Zakaria and {A. SHARIF}, {PROF DR SALAH FARHAN} and NAWFAL S.FARHAN",
year = "2012",
month = "12",
day = "19",
language = "English",
volume = "4",
journal = "International Journal Of Scientific And Engineering Research (Ijser)",
issn = "2229-5518",
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}

Impact Resistance Of Oil Palm Shells Lightweight Concrete Slab With Bamboo Fibers. / Mohd Sidek, Lariyah; Che Muda, Zakaria; A. SHARIF, PROF DR SALAH FARHAN; S.FARHAN, NAWFAL.

In: International Journal Of Scientific And Engineering Research (Ijser), Vol. 4, No. 1, 19.12.2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

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AU - Mohd Sidek, Lariyah

AU - Che Muda, Zakaria

AU - A. SHARIF, PROF DR SALAH FARHAN

AU - S.FARHAN, NAWFAL

PY - 2012/12/19

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N2 - Oil palm shells (OPS) has been used as an aggregate in concrete mixture, replacing the normalsense aggregate in many countries, since long time, and it is still an important aggregate in termsof quantity used. In Malaysia, the development of using oil palm shell as lightweight aggregatein construction industry, especially in structural application started about 30 years ago. Today;concrete is one of the most versatile construction materials. Many researchers found that OPSlight weight concrete performances need to be enhanced especially when used for structuralapplications. In this research work an efforts were taken place to enhance OPS concreteperformances by using bamboo fibers. Compressive strength, impact energy absorption andcrack resistance were investigated for different mix design of bamboo fiber content and goodresults were gained. The compressive strength decreased marginally the percentage of bamboofiber of 2% by cement weight. The impact energy absorption for 1% bamboo fiber increaseabout 1.9 times for service (first) crack and 1.5 times for the ultimate (failure) crack as comparedto the service (first) crack and ultimate (failure) crack of the control sample with no bamboofiber respectively. However, the impact energy absorption for 2% bamboo fiber increaseconsiderably about 2.3 times for service (first) crack) and 1.8 times for the ultimate (failure)crack as compared to the service (first) crack and ultimate (failure) crack of the control samplewith no bamboo fiber respectively. As such the 2% percentage of bamboo fiber has betterperformance than 1% percentage of bamboo fiber in term of impact energy absorption and crackresistance especially under service (first) crack condition. The difference in bamboo fiber lengthhas only marginal effect on the impact energy absorption or surface crack resistance for service(first) crack and ultimate crack condition. The results show that oil palm shell light-weightconcrete with bamboo fibers indicate a potential future of this material to be used as an impactresistance composite structures.

AB - Oil palm shells (OPS) has been used as an aggregate in concrete mixture, replacing the normalsense aggregate in many countries, since long time, and it is still an important aggregate in termsof quantity used. In Malaysia, the development of using oil palm shell as lightweight aggregatein construction industry, especially in structural application started about 30 years ago. Today;concrete is one of the most versatile construction materials. Many researchers found that OPSlight weight concrete performances need to be enhanced especially when used for structuralapplications. In this research work an efforts were taken place to enhance OPS concreteperformances by using bamboo fibers. Compressive strength, impact energy absorption andcrack resistance were investigated for different mix design of bamboo fiber content and goodresults were gained. The compressive strength decreased marginally the percentage of bamboofiber of 2% by cement weight. The impact energy absorption for 1% bamboo fiber increaseabout 1.9 times for service (first) crack and 1.5 times for the ultimate (failure) crack as comparedto the service (first) crack and ultimate (failure) crack of the control sample with no bamboofiber respectively. However, the impact energy absorption for 2% bamboo fiber increaseconsiderably about 2.3 times for service (first) crack) and 1.8 times for the ultimate (failure)crack as compared to the service (first) crack and ultimate (failure) crack of the control samplewith no bamboo fiber respectively. As such the 2% percentage of bamboo fiber has betterperformance than 1% percentage of bamboo fiber in term of impact energy absorption and crackresistance especially under service (first) crack condition. The difference in bamboo fiber lengthhas only marginal effect on the impact energy absorption or surface crack resistance for service(first) crack and ultimate crack condition. The results show that oil palm shell light-weightconcrete with bamboo fibers indicate a potential future of this material to be used as an impactresistance composite structures.

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JO - International Journal Of Scientific And Engineering Research (Ijser)

JF - International Journal Of Scientific And Engineering Research (Ijser)

SN - 2229-5518

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