### Abstract

This paper presents the laminar forced convection of Al2O3-water nanofluid in a triangular channel, subjected to a constant and uniform heat flux at the slant walls, using delta-winglet pair (DWP) of vortex generator which is numerically investigated in three dimensions. The governing equations of mass, momentum, and energy are solved using the finite volume method (FVM). The nanofluid properties are estimated as constant and temperature-dependent properties. The nanoparticle concentrations and diameters are in ranges of 1-4% and 25-85 nm, respectively. Different attack angles of vortex generators are examined which are 7 deg, 15 deg, 30 deg, and 45 deg with range of Reynolds number from 100 to 2000. The results show that the heat transfer coefficient is remarkable dependent on the attack angle of vortex generators and the volume fraction of nanoparticles. The heat transfer coefficient increases as the attack angle increases from 7 deg to 30 deg and then diminishes at 45 deg. The heat transfer rate remarkably depends on the nanoparticle concentration and diameter, attack angle of vortex generator and Reynolds number. An increase in the shear stress is found when attack angle, volume fraction, and Reynolds number increase.

Original language | English |
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Article number | 021901 |

Journal | Journal of Heat Transfer |

Volume | 136 |

Issue number | 2 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 01 Jan 2014 |

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### All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering

### Cite this

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**Impact of Delta-Winglet Pair of Vortex Generators on the Thermal and Hydraulic Performance of a Triangular Channel Using Al _{2}O _{3}-Water Nanofluid.** / Ahmed, Hamdi E.; Yusoff, Mohd Zamri.

Research output: Contribution to journal › Article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Impact of Delta-Winglet Pair of Vortex Generators on the Thermal and Hydraulic Performance of a Triangular Channel Using Al2O 3-Water Nanofluid

AU - Ahmed, Hamdi E.

AU - Yusoff, Mohd Zamri

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - This paper presents the laminar forced convection of Al2O3-water nanofluid in a triangular channel, subjected to a constant and uniform heat flux at the slant walls, using delta-winglet pair (DWP) of vortex generator which is numerically investigated in three dimensions. The governing equations of mass, momentum, and energy are solved using the finite volume method (FVM). The nanofluid properties are estimated as constant and temperature-dependent properties. The nanoparticle concentrations and diameters are in ranges of 1-4% and 25-85 nm, respectively. Different attack angles of vortex generators are examined which are 7 deg, 15 deg, 30 deg, and 45 deg with range of Reynolds number from 100 to 2000. The results show that the heat transfer coefficient is remarkable dependent on the attack angle of vortex generators and the volume fraction of nanoparticles. The heat transfer coefficient increases as the attack angle increases from 7 deg to 30 deg and then diminishes at 45 deg. The heat transfer rate remarkably depends on the nanoparticle concentration and diameter, attack angle of vortex generator and Reynolds number. An increase in the shear stress is found when attack angle, volume fraction, and Reynolds number increase.

AB - This paper presents the laminar forced convection of Al2O3-water nanofluid in a triangular channel, subjected to a constant and uniform heat flux at the slant walls, using delta-winglet pair (DWP) of vortex generator which is numerically investigated in three dimensions. The governing equations of mass, momentum, and energy are solved using the finite volume method (FVM). The nanofluid properties are estimated as constant and temperature-dependent properties. The nanoparticle concentrations and diameters are in ranges of 1-4% and 25-85 nm, respectively. Different attack angles of vortex generators are examined which are 7 deg, 15 deg, 30 deg, and 45 deg with range of Reynolds number from 100 to 2000. The results show that the heat transfer coefficient is remarkable dependent on the attack angle of vortex generators and the volume fraction of nanoparticles. The heat transfer coefficient increases as the attack angle increases from 7 deg to 30 deg and then diminishes at 45 deg. The heat transfer rate remarkably depends on the nanoparticle concentration and diameter, attack angle of vortex generator and Reynolds number. An increase in the shear stress is found when attack angle, volume fraction, and Reynolds number increase.

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U2 - 10.1115/1.4025434

DO - 10.1115/1.4025434

M3 - Article

VL - 136

JO - Journal of Heat Transfer

JF - Journal of Heat Transfer

SN - 0022-1481

IS - 2

M1 - 021901

ER -